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Forearm Fractures
Andrew Sonin, MD, FACR
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Both bone fracture: Usually midshaft fracture of radius and ulna
                • Nightstick fracture: Nondisplaced fracture of ulnar shaft
                • Plastic deformity: Bowing fracture
              • Definitions

                • Fracture, complete or incomplete, of radius &/or ulna
                • Fracture-dislocation: Generally fracture of 1 forearm bone with associated dislocation of other, either at elbow or at wrist

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      • MR Findings

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                        Selected References

                                        1. Bartoníček J et al: History of operative treatment of forearm diaphyseal fractures. J Hand Surg Am. 39(2):335-42, 2014
                                        2. Jayakumar P et al: Non-union in forearm fractures. Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech. 81(1):22-32, 2014
                                        3. Loder RT et al: Fractures from trampolines: results from a national database, 2002 to 2011. J Pediatr Orthop. 34(7):683-90, 2014
                                        4. Massobrio M et al: Forearm post-traumatic deformities: classification and treatment. Injury. 45(2):424-7, 2014
                                        5. McGinley JC et al: MRI detection of forearm soft tissue injuries with radial head fractures. Hand (N Y). 9(1):87-92, 2014
                                        6. Tianhao W et al: Plastic deformation of the forearm in adults: an analysis of 30 cases. J Orthop Surg Res. 9(1):117, 2014
                                        7. Cai XZ et al: A systematic review of the non-operative treatment of nightstick fractures of the ulna. Bone Joint J. 95-B(7):952-9, 2013
                                        8. Lieber J et al: Developments in the treatment of pediatric long bone shaft fractures. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 23(6):427-33, 2013
                                        9. Madhuri V et al: Conservative interventions for treating diaphyseal fractures of the forearm bones in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 4:CD008775, 2013
                                        10. Edwards SG et al: Proximal forearm fractures. Orthop Clin North Am. 44(1):67-80, 2013
                                        11. Sinikumpu JJ et al: The Changing Pattern of Pediatric Both-Bone Forearm Shaft Fractures among 86,000 Children from 1997 to 2009. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 23(4):289-96, 2013
                                        12. Kropman RH et al: Treatment of impacted greenstick forearm fractures in children using bandage or cast therapy: a prospective randomized trial. J Trauma. 68(2):425-8, 2010
                                        13. Westacott D et al: Single-bone fixation of paediatric diaphyseal both-bone forearm fractures: a systematic review. Acta Orthop Belg. 78(4):425-30, 2012
                                        14. Jones DB Jr et al: Adult diaphyseal forearm fractures: intramedullary nail versus plate fixation. J Hand Surg Am. 36(7):1216-9, 2011
                                        15. Black WS et al: Common forearm fractures in adults. Am Fam Physician. 80(10):1096-102, 2009
                                        16. Bae DS: Pediatric distal radius and forearm fractures. J Hand Surg [Am]. 33(10):1911-23, 2008
                                        17. Moss JP et al: Diaphyseal fractures of the radius and ulna in adults. Hand Clin. 23(2):143-51, v, 2007
                                        18. Patel RV et al: Forearm fractures. Br J Hosp Med (Lond). 68(5):M90-1, 2007
                                        19. Sauder DJ et al: Management of isolated ulnar shaft fractures. Hand Clin. 23(2):179-84, vi, 2007
                                        20. LaStayo PC et al: The forearm complex: anatomy, biomechanics and clinical considerations. J Hand Ther. 19(2):137-44, 2006
                                        21. Sclamberg J et al: Acute plastic bowing deformation of the forearm in an adult. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 170(5):1259-60, 1998
                                        Related Anatomy
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                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Terminology

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                              • Pathology

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Synonyms

                                                      • Both bone fracture: Usually midshaft fracture of radius and ulna
                                                      • Nightstick fracture: Nondisplaced fracture of ulnar shaft
                                                      • Plastic deformity: Bowing fracture
                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Fracture, complete or incomplete, of radius &/or ulna
                                                      • Fracture-dislocation: Generally fracture of 1 forearm bone with associated dislocation of other, either at elbow or at wrist

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Radiographic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • Imaging Recommendations

                                                            • MR Findings

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                  • Presentation

                                                                    • Demographics

                                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                        • Treatment

                                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                          • Consider

                                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. Bartoníček J et al: History of operative treatment of forearm diaphyseal fractures. J Hand Surg Am. 39(2):335-42, 2014
                                                                              2. Jayakumar P et al: Non-union in forearm fractures. Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech. 81(1):22-32, 2014
                                                                              3. Loder RT et al: Fractures from trampolines: results from a national database, 2002 to 2011. J Pediatr Orthop. 34(7):683-90, 2014
                                                                              4. Massobrio M et al: Forearm post-traumatic deformities: classification and treatment. Injury. 45(2):424-7, 2014
                                                                              5. McGinley JC et al: MRI detection of forearm soft tissue injuries with radial head fractures. Hand (N Y). 9(1):87-92, 2014
                                                                              6. Tianhao W et al: Plastic deformation of the forearm in adults: an analysis of 30 cases. J Orthop Surg Res. 9(1):117, 2014
                                                                              7. Cai XZ et al: A systematic review of the non-operative treatment of nightstick fractures of the ulna. Bone Joint J. 95-B(7):952-9, 2013
                                                                              8. Lieber J et al: Developments in the treatment of pediatric long bone shaft fractures. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 23(6):427-33, 2013
                                                                              9. Madhuri V et al: Conservative interventions for treating diaphyseal fractures of the forearm bones in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 4:CD008775, 2013
                                                                              10. Edwards SG et al: Proximal forearm fractures. Orthop Clin North Am. 44(1):67-80, 2013
                                                                              11. Sinikumpu JJ et al: The Changing Pattern of Pediatric Both-Bone Forearm Shaft Fractures among 86,000 Children from 1997 to 2009. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 23(4):289-96, 2013
                                                                              12. Kropman RH et al: Treatment of impacted greenstick forearm fractures in children using bandage or cast therapy: a prospective randomized trial. J Trauma. 68(2):425-8, 2010
                                                                              13. Westacott D et al: Single-bone fixation of paediatric diaphyseal both-bone forearm fractures: a systematic review. Acta Orthop Belg. 78(4):425-30, 2012
                                                                              14. Jones DB Jr et al: Adult diaphyseal forearm fractures: intramedullary nail versus plate fixation. J Hand Surg Am. 36(7):1216-9, 2011
                                                                              15. Black WS et al: Common forearm fractures in adults. Am Fam Physician. 80(10):1096-102, 2009
                                                                              16. Bae DS: Pediatric distal radius and forearm fractures. J Hand Surg [Am]. 33(10):1911-23, 2008
                                                                              17. Moss JP et al: Diaphyseal fractures of the radius and ulna in adults. Hand Clin. 23(2):143-51, v, 2007
                                                                              18. Patel RV et al: Forearm fractures. Br J Hosp Med (Lond). 68(5):M90-1, 2007
                                                                              19. Sauder DJ et al: Management of isolated ulnar shaft fractures. Hand Clin. 23(2):179-84, vi, 2007
                                                                              20. LaStayo PC et al: The forearm complex: anatomy, biomechanics and clinical considerations. J Hand Ther. 19(2):137-44, 2006
                                                                              21. Sclamberg J et al: Acute plastic bowing deformation of the forearm in an adult. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 170(5):1259-60, 1998