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Foreign Bodies
Siva P. Raman, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    TERMINOLOGY

    • Abbreviations

      • Foreign body (FB)
    • Definitions

      • Ingestion or insertion of potentially injurious foreign objects into any site within body

    IMAGING

    • General Features

      • Imaging Recommendations

        • Ingested Foreign Bodies

          • Inserted Foreign Bodies

            • Retained Surgical Items

              • Intentionally Retained Surgical Material

                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                • Consider

                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                    • Reporting Tips

                      Selected References

                      1. Guelfguat M et al: Clinical guidelines for imaging and reporting ingested foreign bodies. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 203(1):37-53, 2014
                      2. Jarraya M et al: Multimodality imaging of foreign bodies of the musculoskeletal system. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 203(1):W92-W102, 2014
                      3. Stawicki SP et al: Natural history of retained surgical items supports the need for team training, early recognition, and prompt retrieval. Am J Surg. 208(1):65-72, 2014
                      4. Ma J et al: Value of MDCT in diagnosis and management of esophageal sharp or pointed foreign bodies according to level of esophagus. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 201(5):W707-11, 2013
                      5. ASGE Standards of Practice Committee et al: Management of ingested foreign bodies and food impactions. Gastrointest Endosc. 73(6):1085-91, 2011
                      6. Gayer G et al: Foreign objects encountered in the abdominal cavity at CT. Radiographics. 31(2):409-28, 2011
                      7. Karabulut N et al: CT features of intrathoracic gossypiboma (textiloma). Diagn Interv Radiol. 17(2):122-4, 2011
                      8. Yadav MK et al: Gossypiboma: stretched feces sign. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 195(5):W375, 2010
                      9. Manzella A et al: Imaging of gossypibomas: pictorial review. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 193(6 Suppl):S94-101, 2009
                      10. Regenbogen SE et al: Prevention of retained surgical sponges: a decision-analytic model predicting relative cost-effectiveness. Surgery. 145(5):527-35, 2009
                      11. Greenberg CC et al: Retained foreign bodies. Adv Surg. 42:183-91, 2008
                      12. Murphy CF et al: Diagnosis of gossypiboma of the abdomen and pelvis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 190(6):W382, 2008
                      13. O'Connor AR et al: Retained surgical materials in the postoperative abdomen and pelvis. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 25(3):290-302, 2004
                      14. Hunter TB et al: Foreign bodies. Radiographics. 23(3):731-57, 2003
                      15. O'Connor AR et al: Imaging of retained surgical sponges in the abdomen and pelvis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2003 Feb;180(2):481-9. Erratum in: AJR Am J Roentgenol. 180(4):1179, 2003
                      16. Oto A et al: MR characteristics of oxidized cellulose (Surgicel). AJR Am J Roentgenol. 172(6):1481-4, 1999
                      17. Sahin-Akyar G et al: Pseudotumour due to surgical sponge: gossypiboma. Australas Radiol. 41(3):288-91, 1997
                      18. Melamed JW et al: Sonographic appearance of oxidized cellulose (Surgicel): pitfall in the diagnosis of postoperative abscess. J Ultrasound Med. 14(1):27-30, 1995
                      19. Boutin RD et al: Injuries associated with MR imaging: survey of safety records and methods used to screen patients for metallic foreign bodies before imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 162(1):189-94, 1994
                      20. Young ST et al: Appearance of oxidized cellulose (Surgicel) on postoperative CT scans: similarity to postoperative abscess. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 160(2):275-7, 1993
                      21. Arablinskiń≠ AV et al: [Ultrasonography and computed tomography in the detection of overlooked gauze surgical dressings.] Vestn Rentgenol Radiol. (2):16-9, 1992
                      22. Flom LL et al: Radiologic evaluation of foreign bodies. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 10(1):163-77, 1992
                      23. Mochizuki T et al: Case report: MR appearance of a retained surgical sponge. Clin Radiol. 46(1):66-7, 1992
                      24. Buy JN et al: Computed tomography of retained abdominal sponges and towels. Gastrointest Radiol. 14(1):41-5, 1989
                      25. Liessi G et al: Retained surgical gauzes: acute and chronic CT and US findings. Eur J Radiol. 9(3):182-6, 1989
                      26. Choi BI et al: Retained surgical sponge: diagnosis with CT and sonography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 150(5):1047-50, 1988
                      27. Kokubo T et al: Retained surgical sponges: CT and US appearance. Radiology. 165(2):415-8, 1987
                      28. Schwartz GF et al: Ingested foreign bodies of the gastrointestinal tract. Am Surg. 42(4):236-8, 1976
                      Related Anatomy
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                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                      References
                      Tables

                      Tables

                      KEY FACTS

                      • Imaging

                        TERMINOLOGY

                        • Abbreviations

                          • Foreign body (FB)
                        • Definitions

                          • Ingestion or insertion of potentially injurious foreign objects into any site within body

                        IMAGING

                        • General Features

                          • Imaging Recommendations

                            • Ingested Foreign Bodies

                              • Inserted Foreign Bodies

                                • Retained Surgical Items

                                  • Intentionally Retained Surgical Material

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                        • Reporting Tips

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Guelfguat M et al: Clinical guidelines for imaging and reporting ingested foreign bodies. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 203(1):37-53, 2014
                                          2. Jarraya M et al: Multimodality imaging of foreign bodies of the musculoskeletal system. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 203(1):W92-W102, 2014
                                          3. Stawicki SP et al: Natural history of retained surgical items supports the need for team training, early recognition, and prompt retrieval. Am J Surg. 208(1):65-72, 2014
                                          4. Ma J et al: Value of MDCT in diagnosis and management of esophageal sharp or pointed foreign bodies according to level of esophagus. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 201(5):W707-11, 2013
                                          5. ASGE Standards of Practice Committee et al: Management of ingested foreign bodies and food impactions. Gastrointest Endosc. 73(6):1085-91, 2011
                                          6. Gayer G et al: Foreign objects encountered in the abdominal cavity at CT. Radiographics. 31(2):409-28, 2011
                                          7. Karabulut N et al: CT features of intrathoracic gossypiboma (textiloma). Diagn Interv Radiol. 17(2):122-4, 2011
                                          8. Yadav MK et al: Gossypiboma: stretched feces sign. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 195(5):W375, 2010
                                          9. Manzella A et al: Imaging of gossypibomas: pictorial review. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 193(6 Suppl):S94-101, 2009
                                          10. Regenbogen SE et al: Prevention of retained surgical sponges: a decision-analytic model predicting relative cost-effectiveness. Surgery. 145(5):527-35, 2009
                                          11. Greenberg CC et al: Retained foreign bodies. Adv Surg. 42:183-91, 2008
                                          12. Murphy CF et al: Diagnosis of gossypiboma of the abdomen and pelvis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 190(6):W382, 2008
                                          13. O'Connor AR et al: Retained surgical materials in the postoperative abdomen and pelvis. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 25(3):290-302, 2004
                                          14. Hunter TB et al: Foreign bodies. Radiographics. 23(3):731-57, 2003
                                          15. O'Connor AR et al: Imaging of retained surgical sponges in the abdomen and pelvis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2003 Feb;180(2):481-9. Erratum in: AJR Am J Roentgenol. 180(4):1179, 2003
                                          16. Oto A et al: MR characteristics of oxidized cellulose (Surgicel). AJR Am J Roentgenol. 172(6):1481-4, 1999
                                          17. Sahin-Akyar G et al: Pseudotumour due to surgical sponge: gossypiboma. Australas Radiol. 41(3):288-91, 1997
                                          18. Melamed JW et al: Sonographic appearance of oxidized cellulose (Surgicel): pitfall in the diagnosis of postoperative abscess. J Ultrasound Med. 14(1):27-30, 1995
                                          19. Boutin RD et al: Injuries associated with MR imaging: survey of safety records and methods used to screen patients for metallic foreign bodies before imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 162(1):189-94, 1994
                                          20. Young ST et al: Appearance of oxidized cellulose (Surgicel) on postoperative CT scans: similarity to postoperative abscess. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 160(2):275-7, 1993
                                          21. Arablinskiń≠ AV et al: [Ultrasonography and computed tomography in the detection of overlooked gauze surgical dressings.] Vestn Rentgenol Radiol. (2):16-9, 1992
                                          22. Flom LL et al: Radiologic evaluation of foreign bodies. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 10(1):163-77, 1992
                                          23. Mochizuki T et al: Case report: MR appearance of a retained surgical sponge. Clin Radiol. 46(1):66-7, 1992
                                          24. Buy JN et al: Computed tomography of retained abdominal sponges and towels. Gastrointest Radiol. 14(1):41-5, 1989
                                          25. Liessi G et al: Retained surgical gauzes: acute and chronic CT and US findings. Eur J Radiol. 9(3):182-6, 1989
                                          26. Choi BI et al: Retained surgical sponge: diagnosis with CT and sonography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 150(5):1047-50, 1988
                                          27. Kokubo T et al: Retained surgical sponges: CT and US appearance. Radiology. 165(2):415-8, 1987
                                          28. Schwartz GF et al: Ingested foreign bodies of the gastrointestinal tract. Am Surg. 42(4):236-8, 1976