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Fracture Dislocation
Kevin R. Moore, MD; Jeffrey S. Ross, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Definitions

                • Transversely applied force vector, resulting in shearing injury ± flexion &/or rotation

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        Selected References

                                        1. Tang X et al: Clinical characteristics and treatment of fracture-dislocation of thoracic spine with or without minimal spinal cord injury. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. ePub, 2019
                                        2. Rahimizadeh A et al: Complete thoracolumbar fracture-dislocation with intact neurologic function: explanation of a novel cord saving mechanism. J Spinal Cord Med. 41(3):367-76, 2018
                                        3. Khurana B et al: Traumatic thoracolumbar spine injuries: what the spine surgeon wants to know. Radiographics. 33(7):2031-46, 2013
                                        4. Pirouzmand F: Epidemiological trends of spine and spinal cord injuries in the largest Canadian adult trauma center from 1986 to 2006. J Neurosurg Spine. 12(2):131-40, 2010
                                        5. Hsieh CT et al: Complete fracture-dislocation of the thoracolumbar spine without paraplegia. Am J Emerg Med. 26(5):633, 2008
                                        6. Sieradzki JP et al: Thoracolumbar fracture-dislocation in child abuse: case report, closed reduction technique and review of the literature. Pediatr Neurosurg. 44(3):253-7, 2008
                                        7. Mirza SK et al: Classifications of thoracic and lumbar fractures: rationale and supporting data. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 10(5):364-77, 2002
                                        8. McAfee PC et al: The value of computed tomography in thoracolumbar fractures. An analysis of one hundred consecutive cases and a new classification. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 65(4):461-73, 1983
                                        Related Anatomy
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                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Terminology

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                              • Pathology

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Transversely applied force vector, resulting in shearing injury ± flexion &/or rotation

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Radiographic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                    • Presentation

                                                                      • Demographics

                                                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                          • Treatment

                                                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                            • Consider

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. Tang X et al: Clinical characteristics and treatment of fracture-dislocation of thoracic spine with or without minimal spinal cord injury. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. ePub, 2019
                                                                              2. Rahimizadeh A et al: Complete thoracolumbar fracture-dislocation with intact neurologic function: explanation of a novel cord saving mechanism. J Spinal Cord Med. 41(3):367-76, 2018
                                                                              3. Khurana B et al: Traumatic thoracolumbar spine injuries: what the spine surgeon wants to know. Radiographics. 33(7):2031-46, 2013
                                                                              4. Pirouzmand F: Epidemiological trends of spine and spinal cord injuries in the largest Canadian adult trauma center from 1986 to 2006. J Neurosurg Spine. 12(2):131-40, 2010
                                                                              5. Hsieh CT et al: Complete fracture-dislocation of the thoracolumbar spine without paraplegia. Am J Emerg Med. 26(5):633, 2008
                                                                              6. Sieradzki JP et al: Thoracolumbar fracture-dislocation in child abuse: case report, closed reduction technique and review of the literature. Pediatr Neurosurg. 44(3):253-7, 2008
                                                                              7. Mirza SK et al: Classifications of thoracic and lumbar fractures: rationale and supporting data. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 10(5):364-77, 2002
                                                                              8. McAfee PC et al: The value of computed tomography in thoracolumbar fractures. An analysis of one hundred consecutive cases and a new classification. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 65(4):461-73, 1983