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Functional Anatomy of Abdominal Wall
Rafael Vazquez, MD; Nicole Z. Spence, MD
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TERMINOLOGY

  • Abbreviations

    • Rectus abdominis muscle (RAM)
    • External oblique muscle (EOM)
    • Internal oblique muscle (IOM)
    • Transversus abdominis (TAM)
    • Transversalis fascia (Tf)
    • Psoas muscle (PsM)
    • Quadratus lumborum muscle (QLM)
    • Thoracolumbar fascia (TLF)
    • Transversus abdominis plane (TAP)
  • Definitions

    • Abdomen is region between diaphragm and pelvis

GROSS ANATOMY

  • Anatomic Boundaries

    • Muscles of Anterior Abdominal Wall

      • Muscles of Posterior Abdominal Wall

        CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS

        • Clinical Importance

          Innervation of Abdominal Wall

          • Anterior Wall

            • Posterior Wall

              CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS

              • Analgesia of Abdominal Wall

                Selected References

                1. Elsharkawy H et al: Interfascial plane blocks: back to basics. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 43(4):341-6, 2018
                2. Chin KJ et al: Essentials of our current understanding: abdominal wall blocks. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 42(2):133-83, 2017
                3. Netter, FH: Atlas of Human Anatomy. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders/Elsevier, 2014
                4. Saito T et al: Analysis of the posterior ramus of the lumbar spinal nerve: the structure of the posterior ramus of the spinal nerve. Anesthesiology. 118(1):88-94, 2013
                5. Willard FH et al: The thoracolumbar fascia: anatomy, function and clinical considerations. J Anat. 221(6):507-36, 2012
                6. Rozen WM et al: Avoiding denervation of rectus abdominis in DIEP flap harvest: the importance of medial row perforators. Plast Reconstr Surg. 122(3):710-6, 2008
                7. Rozen WM et al: Refining the course of the thoracolumbar nerves: a new understanding of the innervation of the anterior abdominal wall. Clin Anat. 21(4):325-33, 2008
                Related Anatomy
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                References
                Tables

                Tables

                TERMINOLOGY

                • Abbreviations

                  • Rectus abdominis muscle (RAM)
                  • External oblique muscle (EOM)
                  • Internal oblique muscle (IOM)
                  • Transversus abdominis (TAM)
                  • Transversalis fascia (Tf)
                  • Psoas muscle (PsM)
                  • Quadratus lumborum muscle (QLM)
                  • Thoracolumbar fascia (TLF)
                  • Transversus abdominis plane (TAP)
                • Definitions

                  • Abdomen is region between diaphragm and pelvis

                GROSS ANATOMY

                • Anatomic Boundaries

                  • Muscles of Anterior Abdominal Wall

                    • Muscles of Posterior Abdominal Wall

                      CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS

                      • Clinical Importance

                        Innervation of Abdominal Wall

                        • Anterior Wall

                          • Posterior Wall

                            CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS

                            • Analgesia of Abdominal Wall

                              Selected References

                              1. Elsharkawy H et al: Interfascial plane blocks: back to basics. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 43(4):341-6, 2018
                              2. Chin KJ et al: Essentials of our current understanding: abdominal wall blocks. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 42(2):133-83, 2017
                              3. Netter, FH: Atlas of Human Anatomy. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders/Elsevier, 2014
                              4. Saito T et al: Analysis of the posterior ramus of the lumbar spinal nerve: the structure of the posterior ramus of the spinal nerve. Anesthesiology. 118(1):88-94, 2013
                              5. Willard FH et al: The thoracolumbar fascia: anatomy, function and clinical considerations. J Anat. 221(6):507-36, 2012
                              6. Rozen WM et al: Avoiding denervation of rectus abdominis in DIEP flap harvest: the importance of medial row perforators. Plast Reconstr Surg. 122(3):710-6, 2008
                              7. Rozen WM et al: Refining the course of the thoracolumbar nerves: a new understanding of the innervation of the anterior abdominal wall. Clin Anat. 21(4):325-33, 2008