link
Bookmarks
Fungal Pneumonia in Immunocompromised Children
Alexander J. Towbin, MD
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology, please log in or subscribe.Subscribe
1
2
3
0

KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Clinical Issues

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Associated Syndromes

          • Causes of immunocompromised states in children
            • Immature immune system: Premature infants
            • Primary immunodeficiency: Chronic granulomatous disease & severe combined immunodeficiency
            • Acquired immunodeficiency
              • Immunosuppression: After transplant or chemotherapy, chronic corticosteroid therapy
              • Infectious: HIV/AIDS
              • Chronic illness: Cystic fibrosis, burns
          • 3 types of Aspergillus infection
            • Invasive pulmonary Aspergillus affects patients with neutropenia or neutrophil dysfunction
              • Subclassified as angioinvasive or airway invasive
            • Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) represents hypersensitivity reaction to Aspergillus
            • Chronic airway invasive aspergillosis is rare, indolent form of Aspergillus infection

        IMAGING

        • General Features

          • Radiographic Findings

            • CT Findings

              • Imaging Recommendations

                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                  PATHOLOGY

                  • Microscopic Features

                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                    • Presentation

                      • Demographics

                        • Treatment

                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                          • Consider

                            Selected References

                            1. Obmann VC et al: Radiological CT patterns and distribution of invasive pulmonary Aspergillus, non-Aspergillus, Cryptococcus and Pneumocystis Jirovecii mold infections - a multicenter study. Rofo. ePub, 2021
                            2. Katragkou A et al: Diagnostic imaging and invasive fungal diseases in children. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 6(suppl_1):S22-31, 2017
                            3. Toma P et al: Fungal infections of the lung in children. Pediatr Radiol. 46(13):1856-65, 2016
                            Related Anatomy
                            Loading...
                            Related Differential Diagnoses
                            Loading...
                            References
                            Tables

                            Tables

                            KEY FACTS

                            • Terminology

                              • Imaging

                                • Clinical Issues

                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                  • Associated Syndromes

                                    • Causes of immunocompromised states in children
                                      • Immature immune system: Premature infants
                                      • Primary immunodeficiency: Chronic granulomatous disease & severe combined immunodeficiency
                                      • Acquired immunodeficiency
                                        • Immunosuppression: After transplant or chemotherapy, chronic corticosteroid therapy
                                        • Infectious: HIV/AIDS
                                        • Chronic illness: Cystic fibrosis, burns
                                    • 3 types of Aspergillus infection
                                      • Invasive pulmonary Aspergillus affects patients with neutropenia or neutrophil dysfunction
                                        • Subclassified as angioinvasive or airway invasive
                                      • Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) represents hypersensitivity reaction to Aspergillus
                                      • Chronic airway invasive aspergillosis is rare, indolent form of Aspergillus infection

                                  IMAGING

                                  • General Features

                                    • Radiographic Findings

                                      • CT Findings

                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                            PATHOLOGY

                                            • Microscopic Features

                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                              • Presentation

                                                • Demographics

                                                  • Treatment

                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                    • Consider

                                                      Selected References

                                                      1. Obmann VC et al: Radiological CT patterns and distribution of invasive pulmonary Aspergillus, non-Aspergillus, Cryptococcus and Pneumocystis Jirovecii mold infections - a multicenter study. Rofo. ePub, 2021
                                                      2. Katragkou A et al: Diagnostic imaging and invasive fungal diseases in children. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 6(suppl_1):S22-31, 2017
                                                      3. Toma P et al: Fungal infections of the lung in children. Pediatr Radiol. 46(13):1856-65, 2016