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Gartner Duct Cyst
Margarita V. Revzin, MD, MS
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Diagnostic Checklist

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • Gartner duct cyst (GDC)
            • Gartner duct (GD)
            • Wolffian (mesonephric) duct anomalies
          • Definitions

            • Secretory retention cyst, remnant of embryonic mesonephric (wolffian) ducts
            • Can occur anywhere along course of duct, most commonly anterolateral part of proximal 1/3 of vaginal wall

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Ultrasonographic Findings

              • Radiographic Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Demographics

                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                              • Treatment

                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                • Consider

                                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Niu S et al: Gartner's duct cysts: a review of surgical management and a new technique using fluorescein dye. Int Urogynecol J. 31(1):55-61, 2020
                                    2. Matos J et al: Imaging of diseases of the vagina and external genitalia in children. Pediatr Radiol. 49(6):827-34, 2019
                                    3. Cope AG et al: Clinical manifestations and outcomes in surgically managed gartner duct cysts. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 24(3):473-7, 2017
                                    4. Davidson ERW et al: A Gartner duct cyst masquerading as anterior vaginal prolapse. Obstet Gynecol. 130(5):1039-41, 2017
                                    5. Shobeiri SA et al: Evaluation of vaginal cysts and masses by 3-dimensional endovaginal and endoanal sonography. J Ultrasound Med. 32(8):1499-507, 2013
                                    6. Surabhi VR et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of female urethral and periurethral disorders. Radiol Clin North Am. 51(6):941-53, 2013
                                    7. Dwarkasing RS et al: MRI evaluation of urethral diverticula and differential diagnosis in symptomatic women. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 197(3):676-82, 2011
                                    8. Chaudhari VV et al: MR imaging and US of female urethral and periurethral disease. Radiographics. 30(7):1857-74, 2010
                                    9. Bats AS et al: Malignant transformation of Gartner cyst. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 19(9):1655-7, 2009
                                    10. Dwyer PL et al: Congenital urogenital anomalies that are associated with the persistence of Gartner's duct: a review. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 195(2):354-9, 2006
                                    11. Macura KJ et al: MR imaging of the female urethra and supporting ligaments in assessment of urinary incontinence: spectrum of abnormalities. Radiographics. 26(4):1135-49, 2006
                                    12. Prasad SR et al: Cross-sectional imaging of the female urethra: technique and results. Radiographics. 25(3):749-61, 2005
                                    13. Hahn WY et al: MRI of female urethral and periurethral disorders. AJR 182:677-82, 2004
                                    14. Eilber KS et al: Benign cystic lesions of the vagina: a literature review. J Urol. 170(3):717-22, 2003
                                    15. Sherer DM et al: Transvaginal ultrasonographic depiction of a Gartner duct cyst. J Ultrasound Med. 20(11):1253-5, 2001
                                    16. Lee MJ et al: Large Gartner duct cyst associated with a solitary crossed ectopic kidney: imaging features. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 15(1):149-51, 1991
                                    17. Naisby GP: Gartner's duct associated with diverticulosis of the fallopian tubes. Clin Radiol. 38(2):207-8, 1987
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Diagnostic Checklist

                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                            • Abbreviations

                                              • Gartner duct cyst (GDC)
                                              • Gartner duct (GD)
                                              • Wolffian (mesonephric) duct anomalies
                                            • Definitions

                                              • Secretory retention cyst, remnant of embryonic mesonephric (wolffian) ducts
                                              • Can occur anywhere along course of duct, most commonly anterolateral part of proximal 1/3 of vaginal wall

                                            IMAGING

                                            • General Features

                                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                • Radiographic Findings

                                                  • MR Findings

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                        • General Features

                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                          • Presentation

                                                            • Demographics

                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                • Treatment

                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                  • Consider

                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Niu S et al: Gartner's duct cysts: a review of surgical management and a new technique using fluorescein dye. Int Urogynecol J. 31(1):55-61, 2020
                                                                      2. Matos J et al: Imaging of diseases of the vagina and external genitalia in children. Pediatr Radiol. 49(6):827-34, 2019
                                                                      3. Cope AG et al: Clinical manifestations and outcomes in surgically managed gartner duct cysts. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 24(3):473-7, 2017
                                                                      4. Davidson ERW et al: A Gartner duct cyst masquerading as anterior vaginal prolapse. Obstet Gynecol. 130(5):1039-41, 2017
                                                                      5. Shobeiri SA et al: Evaluation of vaginal cysts and masses by 3-dimensional endovaginal and endoanal sonography. J Ultrasound Med. 32(8):1499-507, 2013
                                                                      6. Surabhi VR et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of female urethral and periurethral disorders. Radiol Clin North Am. 51(6):941-53, 2013
                                                                      7. Dwarkasing RS et al: MRI evaluation of urethral diverticula and differential diagnosis in symptomatic women. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 197(3):676-82, 2011
                                                                      8. Chaudhari VV et al: MR imaging and US of female urethral and periurethral disease. Radiographics. 30(7):1857-74, 2010
                                                                      9. Bats AS et al: Malignant transformation of Gartner cyst. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 19(9):1655-7, 2009
                                                                      10. Dwyer PL et al: Congenital urogenital anomalies that are associated with the persistence of Gartner's duct: a review. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 195(2):354-9, 2006
                                                                      11. Macura KJ et al: MR imaging of the female urethra and supporting ligaments in assessment of urinary incontinence: spectrum of abnormalities. Radiographics. 26(4):1135-49, 2006
                                                                      12. Prasad SR et al: Cross-sectional imaging of the female urethra: technique and results. Radiographics. 25(3):749-61, 2005
                                                                      13. Hahn WY et al: MRI of female urethral and periurethral disorders. AJR 182:677-82, 2004
                                                                      14. Eilber KS et al: Benign cystic lesions of the vagina: a literature review. J Urol. 170(3):717-22, 2003
                                                                      15. Sherer DM et al: Transvaginal ultrasonographic depiction of a Gartner duct cyst. J Ultrasound Med. 20(11):1253-5, 2001
                                                                      16. Lee MJ et al: Large Gartner duct cyst associated with a solitary crossed ectopic kidney: imaging features. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 15(1):149-51, 1991
                                                                      17. Naisby GP: Gartner's duct associated with diverticulosis of the fallopian tubes. Clin Radiol. 38(2):207-8, 1987