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Gartner Duct Cysts
Marc S. Tubay, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Embryologic remnant of caudal end of mesonephric (wolffian) duct

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          • Reporting Tips

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Heller DS: Vaginal cysts: a pathology review. J Low Genit Tract Dis. 16(2):140-4, 2012
                                            2. Walker DK et al: Overlooked diseases of the vagina: a directed anatomic-pathologic approach for imaging assessment. Radiographics. 31(6):1583-98, 2011
                                            3. Chaudhari VV et al: MR imaging and US of female urethral and periurethral disease. Radiographics. 30(7):1857-74, 2010
                                            4. Bats AS et al: Malignant transformation of Gartner cyst. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 19(9):1655-7, 2009
                                            5. Griffin N et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of vaginal and vulval pathology. Eur Radiol. 18(6):1269-80, 2008
                                            6. Binsaleh S et al: Gartner duct cyst simplified treatment approach. Int Urol Nephrol. 21, 2006
                                            7. Dwyer PL et al: Congenital urogenital anomalies that are associated with the persistence of Gartner's duct: a review. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 195(2):354-9, 2006
                                            8. Hahn WY et al: MRI of female urethral and periurethral disorders. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 182(3):677-82, 2004
                                            9. Eilber KS et al: Benign cystic lesions of the vagina: a literature review. J Urol. 170(3):717-22, 2003
                                            10. Ohya T et al: Diagnosis and treatment for persistent Gartner duct cyst in an infant: A case report. J Pediatr Surg. 37(4):E4, 2002
                                            11. Sherer DM et al: Transvaginal ultrasonographic depiction of a Gartner duct cyst. J Ultrasound Med. 20(11):1253-5, 2001
                                            12. Corcos J et al: Periurethral collagen injection for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence: 4-year follow-up results. Urology. 54(5):815-8, 1999
                                            13. Llauger J et al: The normal and pathologic ischiorectal fossa at CT and MR imaging. Radiographics. 18(1):61-82; quiz 146, 1998
                                            14. Sheih CP et al: Diagnosing the combination of renal dysgenesis, Gartner's duct cyst and ipsilateral müllerian duct obstruction. J Urol. 159(1):217-21, 1998
                                            15. Leonovicz PF 3rd et al: Vaginal ectopic ureter with Gartner's duct cyst. J Urol. 158(6):2235, 1997
                                            16. Siegelman ES et al: Multicoil MR imaging of symptomatic female urethral and periurethral disease. Radiographics. 17(2):349-65, 1997
                                            17. Hagspiel KD: Giant Gartner duct cyst: magnetic resonance imaging findings. Abdom Imaging. 20(6):566-8, 1995
                                            18. Koroku M et al: A case of Gartner's duct cyst with a right aplastic kidney. Int J Urol. 2(3):211-3, 1995
                                            19. Gompel C et al: The vagina. In: Pathology in Gynecology and Obstetrics. Philadelphia: J.G. Lippincott Company. 46-71, 1994
                                            20. Kim B et al: Diagnosis of urethral diverticula in women: value of MR imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 161(4):809-15, 1993
                                            21. Rosenfeld DL et al: Gartner's duct cyst with a single vaginal ectopic ureter and associated renal dysplasia or agenesis. J Ultrasound Med. 12(12):775-8, 1993
                                            22. Kier R: Nonovarian gynecologic cysts: MR imaging findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 158(6):1265-9, 1992
                                            23. Rabinerson D et al: Combined anomalies of the müllerian and wolffian systems. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 71(2):156-7, 1992
                                            24. Hricak H et al: Female urethra: MR imaging. Radiology. 178(2):527-35, 1991
                                            25. Lee MJ et al: Large Gartner duct cyst associated with a solitary crossed ectopic kidney: imaging features. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 15(1):149-51, 1991
                                            26. Dodd GD 3rd et al: Lipomatous tumors of the pelvis in women: spectrum of imaging findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 155(2):317-22, 1990
                                            27. Muram D et al: Urinary retention secondary to a Gartner's duct cyst. Obstet Gynecol. 72(3 Pt 2):510-1, 1988
                                            28. Naisby GP: Gartner's duct associated with diverticulosis of the fallopian tubes. Clin Radiol. 38(2):207-8, 1987
                                            29. Miller EV: Skene's duct cyst. J Urol. 131(5):966-7, 1984
                                            30. McCarthy S et al: Sonography of vaginal masses. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 140(5):1005-8, 1983
                                            31. Little HK et al: Hematocolpos: diagnosis made by ultrasound. J Clin Ultrasound. 6(5):341-2, 1978
                                            32. Scheible FW: Ultrasonic features of Gartner's duct cyst. J Clin Ultrasound. 6(6):438-9, 1978
                                            33. Beresford JM et al: Abscess formation in Gartner's duct cysts associated with ipsilateral renal agenesis. A report of two cases. Obstet Gynecol. 49(1 suppl):28-30, 1977
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • Embryologic remnant of caudal end of mesonephric (wolffian) duct

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • General Features

                                                                    • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                      • Microscopic Features

                                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                        • Presentation

                                                                          • Demographics

                                                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                              • Treatment

                                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                • Consider

                                                                                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                    • Reporting Tips

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Heller DS: Vaginal cysts: a pathology review. J Low Genit Tract Dis. 16(2):140-4, 2012
                                                                                      2. Walker DK et al: Overlooked diseases of the vagina: a directed anatomic-pathologic approach for imaging assessment. Radiographics. 31(6):1583-98, 2011
                                                                                      3. Chaudhari VV et al: MR imaging and US of female urethral and periurethral disease. Radiographics. 30(7):1857-74, 2010
                                                                                      4. Bats AS et al: Malignant transformation of Gartner cyst. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 19(9):1655-7, 2009
                                                                                      5. Griffin N et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of vaginal and vulval pathology. Eur Radiol. 18(6):1269-80, 2008
                                                                                      6. Binsaleh S et al: Gartner duct cyst simplified treatment approach. Int Urol Nephrol. 21, 2006
                                                                                      7. Dwyer PL et al: Congenital urogenital anomalies that are associated with the persistence of Gartner's duct: a review. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 195(2):354-9, 2006
                                                                                      8. Hahn WY et al: MRI of female urethral and periurethral disorders. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 182(3):677-82, 2004
                                                                                      9. Eilber KS et al: Benign cystic lesions of the vagina: a literature review. J Urol. 170(3):717-22, 2003
                                                                                      10. Ohya T et al: Diagnosis and treatment for persistent Gartner duct cyst in an infant: A case report. J Pediatr Surg. 37(4):E4, 2002
                                                                                      11. Sherer DM et al: Transvaginal ultrasonographic depiction of a Gartner duct cyst. J Ultrasound Med. 20(11):1253-5, 2001
                                                                                      12. Corcos J et al: Periurethral collagen injection for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence: 4-year follow-up results. Urology. 54(5):815-8, 1999
                                                                                      13. Llauger J et al: The normal and pathologic ischiorectal fossa at CT and MR imaging. Radiographics. 18(1):61-82; quiz 146, 1998
                                                                                      14. Sheih CP et al: Diagnosing the combination of renal dysgenesis, Gartner's duct cyst and ipsilateral müllerian duct obstruction. J Urol. 159(1):217-21, 1998
                                                                                      15. Leonovicz PF 3rd et al: Vaginal ectopic ureter with Gartner's duct cyst. J Urol. 158(6):2235, 1997
                                                                                      16. Siegelman ES et al: Multicoil MR imaging of symptomatic female urethral and periurethral disease. Radiographics. 17(2):349-65, 1997
                                                                                      17. Hagspiel KD: Giant Gartner duct cyst: magnetic resonance imaging findings. Abdom Imaging. 20(6):566-8, 1995
                                                                                      18. Koroku M et al: A case of Gartner's duct cyst with a right aplastic kidney. Int J Urol. 2(3):211-3, 1995
                                                                                      19. Gompel C et al: The vagina. In: Pathology in Gynecology and Obstetrics. Philadelphia: J.G. Lippincott Company. 46-71, 1994
                                                                                      20. Kim B et al: Diagnosis of urethral diverticula in women: value of MR imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 161(4):809-15, 1993
                                                                                      21. Rosenfeld DL et al: Gartner's duct cyst with a single vaginal ectopic ureter and associated renal dysplasia or agenesis. J Ultrasound Med. 12(12):775-8, 1993
                                                                                      22. Kier R: Nonovarian gynecologic cysts: MR imaging findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 158(6):1265-9, 1992
                                                                                      23. Rabinerson D et al: Combined anomalies of the müllerian and wolffian systems. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 71(2):156-7, 1992
                                                                                      24. Hricak H et al: Female urethra: MR imaging. Radiology. 178(2):527-35, 1991
                                                                                      25. Lee MJ et al: Large Gartner duct cyst associated with a solitary crossed ectopic kidney: imaging features. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 15(1):149-51, 1991
                                                                                      26. Dodd GD 3rd et al: Lipomatous tumors of the pelvis in women: spectrum of imaging findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 155(2):317-22, 1990
                                                                                      27. Muram D et al: Urinary retention secondary to a Gartner's duct cyst. Obstet Gynecol. 72(3 Pt 2):510-1, 1988
                                                                                      28. Naisby GP: Gartner's duct associated with diverticulosis of the fallopian tubes. Clin Radiol. 38(2):207-8, 1987
                                                                                      29. Miller EV: Skene's duct cyst. J Urol. 131(5):966-7, 1984
                                                                                      30. McCarthy S et al: Sonography of vaginal masses. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 140(5):1005-8, 1983
                                                                                      31. Little HK et al: Hematocolpos: diagnosis made by ultrasound. J Clin Ultrasound. 6(5):341-2, 1978
                                                                                      32. Scheible FW: Ultrasonic features of Gartner's duct cyst. J Clin Ultrasound. 6(6):438-9, 1978
                                                                                      33. Beresford JM et al: Abscess formation in Gartner's duct cysts associated with ipsilateral renal agenesis. A report of two cases. Obstet Gynecol. 49(1 suppl):28-30, 1977