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Gastric Motility
Andrew T. Trout, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Clinical Issues

        • Diagnostic Checklist

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Gastroparesis: Delayed gastric emptying in absence of mechanical obstruction
            • Dumping: Abnormally rapid gastric emptying

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Nuclear Medicine Findings

              • Imaging Recommendations

                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                  PATHOLOGY

                  • General Features

                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                    • Presentation

                      • Demographics

                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                          • Treatment

                            • Alternative Diagnostic Tools

                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                • Reporting Tips

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Edwards ST et al: A comparison of the diagnosis of gastroparesis in 4 h pediatric gastric emptying studies versus 2 h studies. BMC Gastroenterol. 19(1):26, 2019
                                  2. Meyer R et al: Systematic review of the impact of feed protein type and degree of hydrolysis on gastric emptying in children. BMC Gastroenterol. 15:137, 2015
                                  3. Wong GK et al: Gastric emptying scintigraphy results in children are affected by age, anthropometric factors, and study duration. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 27(3):356-62, 2015
                                  4. Grant FD et al: Radiation doses for pediatric nuclear medicine studies: comparing the North American consensus guidelines and the pediatric dosage card of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine. Pediatr Radiol. ePub, 2014
                                  5. Chogle A et al: Gastroparesis in children: the benefit of conducting 4-hour scintigraphic gastric-emptying studies. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 56(4):439-42, 2013
                                  6. Drubach LA et al: Gastric emptying in children: what is the best acquisition method? J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 55(2):191-3, 2012
                                  7. Rodriguez L et al: Clinical presentation, response to therapy, and outcome of gastroparesis in children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 55(2):185-90, 2012
                                  8. Waseem S et al: Spectrum of gastroparesis in children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 55(2):166-72, 2012
                                  9. Gelfand MJ et al: Pediatric radiopharmaceutical administered doses: 2010 North American consensus guidelines. J Nucl Med. 52(2):318-22, 2011
                                  10. Warrington JC et al: Pediatric gastrointestinal nuclear medicine. Semin Nucl Med. 37(4):269-85, 2007
                                  11. Gelfand MJ et al: Gastric emptying in infants and children: limited utility of 1-hour measurement. Radiology. 178(2):379-81, 1991
                                  12. Signer E: Gastric emptying in newborns and young infants. Measurement of the rate of emptying using indium-113m-microcolloid. Acta Paediatr Scand. 64(3):525-30, 1975
                                  Related Anatomy
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                                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                  References
                                  Tables

                                  Tables

                                  KEY FACTS

                                  • Terminology

                                    • Imaging

                                      • Clinical Issues

                                        • Diagnostic Checklist

                                          TERMINOLOGY

                                          • Definitions

                                            • Gastroparesis: Delayed gastric emptying in absence of mechanical obstruction
                                            • Dumping: Abnormally rapid gastric emptying

                                          IMAGING

                                          • General Features

                                            • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                  • General Features

                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                    • Presentation

                                                      • Demographics

                                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                          • Treatment

                                                            • Alternative Diagnostic Tools

                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                • Reporting Tips

                                                                  Selected References

                                                                  1. Edwards ST et al: A comparison of the diagnosis of gastroparesis in 4 h pediatric gastric emptying studies versus 2 h studies. BMC Gastroenterol. 19(1):26, 2019
                                                                  2. Meyer R et al: Systematic review of the impact of feed protein type and degree of hydrolysis on gastric emptying in children. BMC Gastroenterol. 15:137, 2015
                                                                  3. Wong GK et al: Gastric emptying scintigraphy results in children are affected by age, anthropometric factors, and study duration. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 27(3):356-62, 2015
                                                                  4. Grant FD et al: Radiation doses for pediatric nuclear medicine studies: comparing the North American consensus guidelines and the pediatric dosage card of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine. Pediatr Radiol. ePub, 2014
                                                                  5. Chogle A et al: Gastroparesis in children: the benefit of conducting 4-hour scintigraphic gastric-emptying studies. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 56(4):439-42, 2013
                                                                  6. Drubach LA et al: Gastric emptying in children: what is the best acquisition method? J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 55(2):191-3, 2012
                                                                  7. Rodriguez L et al: Clinical presentation, response to therapy, and outcome of gastroparesis in children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 55(2):185-90, 2012
                                                                  8. Waseem S et al: Spectrum of gastroparesis in children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 55(2):166-72, 2012
                                                                  9. Gelfand MJ et al: Pediatric radiopharmaceutical administered doses: 2010 North American consensus guidelines. J Nucl Med. 52(2):318-22, 2011
                                                                  10. Warrington JC et al: Pediatric gastrointestinal nuclear medicine. Semin Nucl Med. 37(4):269-85, 2007
                                                                  11. Gelfand MJ et al: Gastric emptying in infants and children: limited utility of 1-hour measurement. Radiology. 178(2):379-81, 1991
                                                                  12. Signer E: Gastric emptying in newborns and young infants. Measurement of the rate of emptying using indium-113m-microcolloid. Acta Paediatr Scand. 64(3):525-30, 1975