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Graves Disease
Eunice Y. L. Dai, MBBS, FRCR; K. T. Wong, MBChB, FRCR; Anil T. Ahuja, MD, FRCR
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Diagnostic Checklist

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Abbreviations

          • Graves disease (GD)
        • Synonyms

          • Diffuse toxic goiter
        • Definitions

          • Autoimmune disorder with long-acting thyroid stimulating antibodies (LATS) producing hyperplasia and hypertrophy of thyroid gland

        IMAGING

        • General Features

          • Ultrasonographic Findings

            • Imaging Recommendations

              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                PATHOLOGY

                • General Features

                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                    • Microscopic Features

                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                      • Presentation

                        • Demographics

                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                            • Treatment

                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                Selected References

                                1. Pishdad P et al: Thyroid ultrasonography in differentiation between Graves' disease and Hashimoto's thyroiditis. J Biomed Phys Eng. 7(1):21-26, 2017
                                2. Donkol RH et al: Role of color Doppler in differentiation of Graves' disease and thyroiditis in thyrotoxicosis. World J Radiol. 5(4):178-83, 2013
                                3. Sofferman RA et al. Ultrasound of the thyroid and parathyroid glands. New York: Springer, 61-106, 2012
                                4. Abraham P et al: A systematic review of drug therapy for Graves' hyperthyroidism. Eur J Endocrinol. 153(4):489-98, 2005
                                5. Harnsberger HR et al: Diagnostic Imaging: Head & Neck. Salt Lake City: Amirsys, Inc. II-1-70-73, 2004
                                6. Arslan H et al: Power Doppler sonography in the diagnosis of Graves' disease. Eur J Ultrasound. 11(2):117-22, 2000
                                7. Felz MW et al: The many 'faces' of Graves' disease. Part 2. Practical diagnostic testing and management options. Postgrad Med. 106(5):45-52; quiz 158, 1999
                                8. LiVolsi VA: Thyroid Disease: Endocrinology, Surgery, Nuclear Medicine & Radiotherapy. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven. 65-104, 1997
                                9. Solbiati L et al: Ultrasound of Superficial Structures. UK: Churchill Livingstone. 49-86, 1995
                                Related Anatomy
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                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                References
                                Tables

                                Tables

                                KEY FACTS

                                • Imaging

                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                    • Diagnostic Checklist

                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                      • Abbreviations

                                        • Graves disease (GD)
                                      • Synonyms

                                        • Diffuse toxic goiter
                                      • Definitions

                                        • Autoimmune disorder with long-acting thyroid stimulating antibodies (LATS) producing hyperplasia and hypertrophy of thyroid gland

                                      IMAGING

                                      • General Features

                                        • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                          • Imaging Recommendations

                                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                              PATHOLOGY

                                              • General Features

                                                • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                  • Microscopic Features

                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                    • Presentation

                                                      • Demographics

                                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                          • Treatment

                                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                              Selected References

                                                              1. Pishdad P et al: Thyroid ultrasonography in differentiation between Graves' disease and Hashimoto's thyroiditis. J Biomed Phys Eng. 7(1):21-26, 2017
                                                              2. Donkol RH et al: Role of color Doppler in differentiation of Graves' disease and thyroiditis in thyrotoxicosis. World J Radiol. 5(4):178-83, 2013
                                                              3. Sofferman RA et al. Ultrasound of the thyroid and parathyroid glands. New York: Springer, 61-106, 2012
                                                              4. Abraham P et al: A systematic review of drug therapy for Graves' hyperthyroidism. Eur J Endocrinol. 153(4):489-98, 2005
                                                              5. Harnsberger HR et al: Diagnostic Imaging: Head & Neck. Salt Lake City: Amirsys, Inc. II-1-70-73, 2004
                                                              6. Arslan H et al: Power Doppler sonography in the diagnosis of Graves' disease. Eur J Ultrasound. 11(2):117-22, 2000
                                                              7. Felz MW et al: The many 'faces' of Graves' disease. Part 2. Practical diagnostic testing and management options. Postgrad Med. 106(5):45-52; quiz 158, 1999
                                                              8. LiVolsi VA: Thyroid Disease: Endocrinology, Surgery, Nuclear Medicine & Radiotherapy. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven. 65-104, 1997
                                                              9. Solbiati L et al: Ultrasound of Superficial Structures. UK: Churchill Livingstone. 49-86, 1995