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HAGL, PHAGL, and MGHL Tear
Julia R. Crim, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  • MR Findings

                    • Radiographic Findings

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Rebolledo BJ et al: Posterior humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligament and associated injuries: assessment using magnetic resonance imaging. Am J Sports Med. 43(12):2913-7, 2015
                                  2. Magee T: Prevalence of HAGL lesions and associated abnormalities on shoulder MR examination. Skeletal Radiol. 43(3):307-13, 2014
                                  3. Wolf EM et al: Glenoid avulsion of the glenohumeral ligaments as a cause of recurrent anterior shoulder instability. Arthroscopy. 26(9):1263-7, 2010
                                  4. Waldt S et al: Anterior shoulder instability: accuracy of MR arthrography in the classification of anteroinferior labroligamentous injuries. Radiology. 237(2):578-83, 2005
                                  5. Bui-Mansfield LT et al: Humeral avulsions of the glenohumeral ligament: imaging features and a review of the literature. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 179(3):649-55, 2002
                                  6. Burkart AC et al: Anatomy and function of the glenohumeral ligaments in anterior shoulder instability. Clin Orthop Relat Res. (400):32-9, 2002
                                  7. Wischer TK et al: Perthes lesion (a variant of the Bankart lesion): MR imaging and MR arthrographic findings with surgical correlation. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 178(1):233-7, 2002
                                  8. Savoie FH 3rd et al: Straight anterior instability: Lesions of the middle glenohumeral ligament. Arthroscopy. 17(3):229-235, 2001
                                  Related Anatomy
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                                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                  References
                                  Tables

                                  Tables

                                  KEY FACTS

                                  • Terminology

                                    • Imaging

                                      • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                        • Pathology

                                          • Clinical Issues

                                            • Diagnostic Checklist

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                  • MR Findings

                                                    • Radiographic Findings

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                        • General Features

                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                          • Presentation

                                                            • Demographics

                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                  Selected References

                                                                  1. Rebolledo BJ et al: Posterior humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligament and associated injuries: assessment using magnetic resonance imaging. Am J Sports Med. 43(12):2913-7, 2015
                                                                  2. Magee T: Prevalence of HAGL lesions and associated abnormalities on shoulder MR examination. Skeletal Radiol. 43(3):307-13, 2014
                                                                  3. Wolf EM et al: Glenoid avulsion of the glenohumeral ligaments as a cause of recurrent anterior shoulder instability. Arthroscopy. 26(9):1263-7, 2010
                                                                  4. Waldt S et al: Anterior shoulder instability: accuracy of MR arthrography in the classification of anteroinferior labroligamentous injuries. Radiology. 237(2):578-83, 2005
                                                                  5. Bui-Mansfield LT et al: Humeral avulsions of the glenohumeral ligament: imaging features and a review of the literature. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 179(3):649-55, 2002
                                                                  6. Burkart AC et al: Anatomy and function of the glenohumeral ligaments in anterior shoulder instability. Clin Orthop Relat Res. (400):32-9, 2002
                                                                  7. Wischer TK et al: Perthes lesion (a variant of the Bankart lesion): MR imaging and MR arthrographic findings with surgical correlation. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 178(1):233-7, 2002
                                                                  8. Savoie FH 3rd et al: Straight anterior instability: Lesions of the middle glenohumeral ligament. Arthroscopy. 17(3):229-235, 2001