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Hallux Valgus Corrections
Julia R. Crim, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Pathology

      • Clinical Issues

        • Diagnostic Checklist

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Hallux valgus is well-entrenched misnomer
              • Valgus refers to deformity in vertical plane, apex medial
              • Hallux valgus is deformity of 1st metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint in horizontal plane, apex medial
                • Correct term would be hallux abductus
              • Some sources use term hallux abductovalgus
            • Metatarsus primus varus is also misnomer
              • Varus is deformity in vertical plane, apex lateral
              • Metatarsus primus varus is deformity of 1st tarsometatarsal (TMT) joint in horizontal plane, apex lateral
              • Some sources use term metatarsus primus adductus

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • Imaging Recommendations

                • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                  PATHOLOGY

                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                    • Surgical Complications

                      • Salvage Operations

                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                        • Reporting Tips

                          Selected References

                          1. Chong A et al: Surgery for the correction of hallux valgus: minimum five-year results with a validated patient-reported outcome tool and regression analysis. Bone Joint J. 97-B(2):208-14, 2015
                          2. Harb Z et al: Adolescent hallux valgus: a systematic review of outcomes following surgery. J Child Orthop. 9(2):105-12, 2015
                          3. Kim YJ et al: A new measure of tibial sesamoid position in hallux valgus in relation to the coronal rotation of the first metatarsal in CT scans. Foot Ankle Int. 136(8): 944-52, 2015
                          4. Pentikainen I et al: Preoperative radiological factors correlated to long-term recurrence of hallux valgus following distal chevron osteotomy. Foot Ankle Int. 35(12):1262-7, 2014
                          5. Sorensen MD et al: Metatarsus primus varus correction: the osteotomies. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 26(3):409-25, Table of Contents, 2009
                          6. Chhaya SA et al: Understanding hallux valgus deformity: what the surgeon wants to know from the conventional radiograph. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 37(3):127-37, 2008
                          7. Easley ME et al: Current concepts review: hallux valgus part II: operative treatment. Foot Ankle Int. 28(6):748-58, 2007
                          8. Robinson AH et al: Modern concepts in the treatment of hallux valgus. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 87(8):1038-45, 2005
                          9. Trnka HJ: Osteotomies for hallux valgus correction. Foot Ankle Clin. 10(1):15-33, 2005
                          Related Anatomy
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                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                          References
                          Tables

                          Tables

                          KEY FACTS

                          • Imaging

                            • Pathology

                              • Clinical Issues

                                • Diagnostic Checklist

                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                  • Definitions

                                    • Hallux valgus is well-entrenched misnomer
                                      • Valgus refers to deformity in vertical plane, apex medial
                                      • Hallux valgus is deformity of 1st metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint in horizontal plane, apex medial
                                        • Correct term would be hallux abductus
                                      • Some sources use term hallux abductovalgus
                                    • Metatarsus primus varus is also misnomer
                                      • Varus is deformity in vertical plane, apex lateral
                                      • Metatarsus primus varus is deformity of 1st tarsometatarsal (TMT) joint in horizontal plane, apex lateral
                                      • Some sources use term metatarsus primus adductus

                                  IMAGING

                                  • General Features

                                    • Radiographic Findings

                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                        • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                          PATHOLOGY

                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                            • Surgical Complications

                                              • Salvage Operations

                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                • Reporting Tips

                                                  Selected References

                                                  1. Chong A et al: Surgery for the correction of hallux valgus: minimum five-year results with a validated patient-reported outcome tool and regression analysis. Bone Joint J. 97-B(2):208-14, 2015
                                                  2. Harb Z et al: Adolescent hallux valgus: a systematic review of outcomes following surgery. J Child Orthop. 9(2):105-12, 2015
                                                  3. Kim YJ et al: A new measure of tibial sesamoid position in hallux valgus in relation to the coronal rotation of the first metatarsal in CT scans. Foot Ankle Int. 136(8): 944-52, 2015
                                                  4. Pentikainen I et al: Preoperative radiological factors correlated to long-term recurrence of hallux valgus following distal chevron osteotomy. Foot Ankle Int. 35(12):1262-7, 2014
                                                  5. Sorensen MD et al: Metatarsus primus varus correction: the osteotomies. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 26(3):409-25, Table of Contents, 2009
                                                  6. Chhaya SA et al: Understanding hallux valgus deformity: what the surgeon wants to know from the conventional radiograph. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 37(3):127-37, 2008
                                                  7. Easley ME et al: Current concepts review: hallux valgus part II: operative treatment. Foot Ankle Int. 28(6):748-58, 2007
                                                  8. Robinson AH et al: Modern concepts in the treatment of hallux valgus. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 87(8):1038-45, 2005
                                                  9. Trnka HJ: Osteotomies for hallux valgus correction. Foot Ankle Clin. 10(1):15-33, 2005