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Hashimoto Thyroiditis
Eunice Y. L. Dai, MBBS, FRCR; K. T. Wong, MBChB, FRCR; Anil T. Ahuja, MD, FRCR
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      TERMINOLOGY

      • Abbreviations

        • Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT)
      • Synonyms

        • Chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, sclerosing lymphocytic thyroiditis
      • Definitions

        • Chronic, autoimmune-mediated lymphocytic inflammation of thyroid gland

      IMAGING

      • General Features

        • Ultrasonographic Findings

          • CT Findings

            • MR Findings

              • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                        • Microscopic Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Consider

                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Ceylan I et al: Roles of ultrasound and power Doppler ultrasound for diagnosis of Hashimoto thyroiditis in anti-thyroid marker-positive euthyroid subjects. Quant Imaging Med Surg. 4(4):232-8, 2014
                                      2. Sofferman RA et al: Ultrasound of the thyroid and parathyroid glands. New York: Springer. 61-106, 2012
                                      3. Anderson L et al: Hashimoto thyroiditis: Part 1, sonographic analysis of the nodular form of Hashimoto thyroiditis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 195(1):208-15, 2010
                                      4. Anderson L et al: Hashimoto thyroiditis: Part 2, sonographic analysis of benign and malignant nodules in patients with diffuse Hashimoto thyroiditis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 195(1):216-22, 2010
                                      5. Harnsberger HR et al: Diagnostic Imaging: Head & Neck. Salt Lake City: Amirsys. III-11-4 -7, 2004
                                      6. Loy M et al: Correlation of computerized gray-scale sonographic findings with thyroid function and thyroid autoimmune activity in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis. J Clin Ultrasound. 32(3):136-40, 2004
                                      7. Hegedus L: Thyroid ultrasound. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 30(2):339-60, viii-ix, 2001
                                      8. Langer JE et al: Sonographic appearance of focal thyroiditis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 176(3):751-4, 2001
                                      9. Solbiati L et al: Ultrasound of thyroid, parathyroid glands and neck lymph nodes. Eur Radiol. 11(12):2411-24, 2001
                                      10. Ahuja AT et al: Practical Head & Neck Ultrasound. London: Greenwich Medical Media. 35-64, 2000
                                      11. Weber AL et al: The thyroid and parathyroid glands. CT and MR imaging and correlation with pathology and clinical findings. Radiol Clin North Am. 38(5):1105-29, 2000
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          TERMINOLOGY

                                          • Abbreviations

                                            • Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT)
                                          • Synonyms

                                            • Chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, sclerosing lymphocytic thyroiditis
                                          • Definitions

                                            • Chronic, autoimmune-mediated lymphocytic inflammation of thyroid gland

                                          IMAGING

                                          • General Features

                                            • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                              • CT Findings

                                                • MR Findings

                                                  • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                            • Microscopic Features

                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                              • Presentation

                                                                • Demographics

                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                      • Consider

                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Ceylan I et al: Roles of ultrasound and power Doppler ultrasound for diagnosis of Hashimoto thyroiditis in anti-thyroid marker-positive euthyroid subjects. Quant Imaging Med Surg. 4(4):232-8, 2014
                                                                          2. Sofferman RA et al: Ultrasound of the thyroid and parathyroid glands. New York: Springer. 61-106, 2012
                                                                          3. Anderson L et al: Hashimoto thyroiditis: Part 1, sonographic analysis of the nodular form of Hashimoto thyroiditis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 195(1):208-15, 2010
                                                                          4. Anderson L et al: Hashimoto thyroiditis: Part 2, sonographic analysis of benign and malignant nodules in patients with diffuse Hashimoto thyroiditis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 195(1):216-22, 2010
                                                                          5. Harnsberger HR et al: Diagnostic Imaging: Head & Neck. Salt Lake City: Amirsys. III-11-4 -7, 2004
                                                                          6. Loy M et al: Correlation of computerized gray-scale sonographic findings with thyroid function and thyroid autoimmune activity in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis. J Clin Ultrasound. 32(3):136-40, 2004
                                                                          7. Hegedus L: Thyroid ultrasound. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 30(2):339-60, viii-ix, 2001
                                                                          8. Langer JE et al: Sonographic appearance of focal thyroiditis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 176(3):751-4, 2001
                                                                          9. Solbiati L et al: Ultrasound of thyroid, parathyroid glands and neck lymph nodes. Eur Radiol. 11(12):2411-24, 2001
                                                                          10. Ahuja AT et al: Practical Head & Neck Ultrasound. London: Greenwich Medical Media. 35-64, 2000
                                                                          11. Weber AL et al: The thyroid and parathyroid glands. CT and MR imaging and correlation with pathology and clinical findings. Radiol Clin North Am. 38(5):1105-29, 2000