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Hemopericardium/Pneumopericardium
Melissa L. Rosado-de-Christenson, MD, FACR
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Definitions

                • Hemopericardium: Blood in pericardial space
                • Pneumopericardium: Air in pericardial space
                • Pericardial tamponade
                  • Pericardial accumulation of fluid, blood, pus, or gas
                  • Increased pericardial pressure
                  • Cardiac chamber compression
                  • ↓ diastolic filling, ↓ cardiac output, hypotension and tachycardia; may progress to cardiogenic shock

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Ultrasonographic Findings

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Bogaert J et al: Pericardial Disease: Value of CT and MR Imaging. Radiology. 267(2):340-56, 2013
                                      2. Restrepo CS et al: Imaging patients with cardiac trauma. Radiographics. 32(3):633-49, 2012
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Pathology

                                              • Clinical Issues

                                                • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Hemopericardium: Blood in pericardial space
                                                    • Pneumopericardium: Air in pericardial space
                                                    • Pericardial tamponade
                                                      • Pericardial accumulation of fluid, blood, pus, or gas
                                                      • Increased pericardial pressure
                                                      • Cardiac chamber compression
                                                      • ↓ diastolic filling, ↓ cardiac output, hypotension and tachycardia; may progress to cardiogenic shock

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Radiographic Findings

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                    • Presentation

                                                                      • Treatment

                                                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                        • Consider

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Bogaert J et al: Pericardial Disease: Value of CT and MR Imaging. Radiology. 267(2):340-56, 2013
                                                                          2. Restrepo CS et al: Imaging patients with cardiac trauma. Radiographics. 32(3):633-49, 2012