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Hepatic Cyst
Aya Kamaya, MD, FSRU, FSAR; Neha Antil, MD, DNB
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Simple hepatic or bile duct cyst; liver cyst
              • Definitions

                • Benign, congenital, or developmental fluid-filled lesion that arises from biliary ducts but does not communicate with biliary system

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Mavilia MG et al: Differentiating cystic liver lesions: a review of imaging modalities, diagnosis and management. J Clin Transl Hepatol. 6(2):208-16, 2018
                                            2. Borhani AA et al: Cystic hepatic lesions: a review and an algorithmic approach. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 203(6):1192-204, 2014
                                            3. Bakoyiannis A et al: Rare cystic liver lesions: a diagnostic and managing challenge. World J Gastroenterol. 19(43):7603-19, 2013
                                            4. Gevers TJ et al: Diagnosis and management of polycystic liver disease. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 10(2):101-8, 2013
                                            5. Lantinga MA et al: Evaluation of hepatic cystic lesions. World J Gastroenterol. 19(23):3543-54, 2013
                                            6. Jabłońska B: Biliary cysts: etiology, diagnosis and management. World J Gastroenterol. 18(35):4801-10, 2012
                                            7. Ruiz-Tovar J et al: Surgical management of simple liver cysts. Cir Cir. 80(1):52-5, 2012
                                            8. Anderson SW et al: Benign hepatic tumors and iatrogenic pseudotumors. Radiographics. 29(1):211-29, 2009
                                            9. Mortelé KJ et al: Multimodality imaging of common and uncommon cystic focal liver lesions. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 30(5):368-86, 2009
                                            10. Larssen TB et al: The occurrence of asymptomatic and symptomatic simple hepatic cysts. A prospective, hospital-based study. Clin Radiol. 60(9):1026-9, 2005
                                            11. Liang P et al: Differential diagnosis of hepatic cystic lesions with gray-scale and color Doppler sonography. J Clin Ultrasound. 33(3):100-5, 2005
                                            12. 1. Horton KM et al: CT and MR imaging of benign hepatic and biliary tumors. Radiographics. 19(2):431-51, 1999
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Pathology

                                                    • Clinical Issues

                                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Synonyms

                                                          • Simple hepatic or bile duct cyst; liver cyst
                                                        • Definitions

                                                          • Benign, congenital, or developmental fluid-filled lesion that arises from biliary ducts but does not communicate with biliary system

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                            • CT Findings

                                                              • MR Findings

                                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                                    • General Features

                                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                        • Microscopic Features

                                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                          • Presentation

                                                                            • Demographics

                                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                • Treatment

                                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                  • Consider

                                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Mavilia MG et al: Differentiating cystic liver lesions: a review of imaging modalities, diagnosis and management. J Clin Transl Hepatol. 6(2):208-16, 2018
                                                                                      2. Borhani AA et al: Cystic hepatic lesions: a review and an algorithmic approach. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 203(6):1192-204, 2014
                                                                                      3. Bakoyiannis A et al: Rare cystic liver lesions: a diagnostic and managing challenge. World J Gastroenterol. 19(43):7603-19, 2013
                                                                                      4. Gevers TJ et al: Diagnosis and management of polycystic liver disease. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 10(2):101-8, 2013
                                                                                      5. Lantinga MA et al: Evaluation of hepatic cystic lesions. World J Gastroenterol. 19(23):3543-54, 2013
                                                                                      6. Jabłońska B: Biliary cysts: etiology, diagnosis and management. World J Gastroenterol. 18(35):4801-10, 2012
                                                                                      7. Ruiz-Tovar J et al: Surgical management of simple liver cysts. Cir Cir. 80(1):52-5, 2012
                                                                                      8. Anderson SW et al: Benign hepatic tumors and iatrogenic pseudotumors. Radiographics. 29(1):211-29, 2009
                                                                                      9. Mortelé KJ et al: Multimodality imaging of common and uncommon cystic focal liver lesions. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 30(5):368-86, 2009
                                                                                      10. Larssen TB et al: The occurrence of asymptomatic and symptomatic simple hepatic cysts. A prospective, hospital-based study. Clin Radiol. 60(9):1026-9, 2005
                                                                                      11. Liang P et al: Differential diagnosis of hepatic cystic lesions with gray-scale and color Doppler sonography. J Clin Ultrasound. 33(3):100-5, 2005
                                                                                      12. 1. Horton KM et al: CT and MR imaging of benign hepatic and biliary tumors. Radiographics. 19(2):431-51, 1999