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Hepatic Hydatid Cyst
Michael P. Federle, MD, FACR
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12

KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Clinical Issues

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Synonyms

          • Echinococcal or hydatid disease
          • Echinococcosis
        • Definitions

          • Infection of humans caused by larval stage of Echinococcus species

        IMAGING

        • General Features

          • Radiographic Findings

            • CT Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                        Selected References

                                        1. El Malki HO et al: Radical versus conservative surgical treatment of liver hydatid cysts. Br J Surg. 101(6):669-75, 2014
                                        2. Benhamiche H et al: Peritoneal hydatidosis and hepatic hydatid cyst perforation. Diagn Interv Imaging. 94(11):1157-60, 2013
                                        3. Cubas-Castillo R et al: Hydatid liver disease: our 25-year experience. Cir Cir. 79(4):306-312, 2011
                                        4. Rooh-ul-Muqim et al: Laparoscopic treatment of hepatic hydatid cyst. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 21(8):468-71, 2011
                                        5. Salinas JL et al: Long-term albendazole effectiveness for hepatic cystic echinococcosis. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 85(6):1075-9, 2011
                                        6. Sekulic S et al: Liver hydatidosis - surgical treatment. Hepatogastroenterology. 58(109):1343-8, 2011
                                        7. Wahlers K et al: Human cystic echinococcosis in South Africa. Acta Trop. 120(3):179-84, 2011
                                        8. Turgut AT et al: Multitechnique evaluation of renal hydatid disease. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 192(2):462-7, 2009
                                        9. Abid M et al: Education and imaging. Hepatobiliary and pancreatic: isolated hydatid cyst of the pancreas. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 23(11):1773, 2008
                                        10. Czermak BV et al: Echinococcosis of the liver. Abdom Imaging. 33(2):133-43, 2008
                                        11. Sabat SB et al: Cholecysto-hydatid cyst fistula. J Ultrasound Med. 27(2):299-301, 2008
                                        12. Turgut AT et al: Sonographic spectrum of hydatid disease. Ultrasound Q. 24(1):17-29, 2008
                                        13. Inan N et al: Diffusion-weighted imaging in the differential diagnosis of simple and hydatid cysts of the liver. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 189(5):1031-6, 2007
                                        14. Polat P et al: Hydatid disease from head to toe. Radiographics. 23(2):475-94; quiz 536-7, 2003
                                        15. Mortele KJ et al: Cystic focal liver lesions in the adult: differential CT and MR imaging features. Radiographics. 21(4):895-910, 2001
                                        16. Pedrosa I et al: Hydatid disease: radiologic and pathologic features and complications. Radiographics. 20(3):795-817, 2000
                                        17. Taourel P et al: Hydatid cyst of the liver: comparison of CT and MRI. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 17(1):80-5, 1993
                                        Related Anatomy
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                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Clinical Issues

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Synonyms

                                                • Echinococcal or hydatid disease
                                                • Echinococcosis
                                              • Definitions

                                                • Infection of humans caused by larval stage of Echinococcus species

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • Radiographic Findings

                                                  • CT Findings

                                                    • MR Findings

                                                      • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                            PATHOLOGY

                                                            • General Features

                                                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                • Microscopic Features

                                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                  • Presentation

                                                                    • Demographics

                                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                        • Treatment

                                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                          • Consider

                                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. El Malki HO et al: Radical versus conservative surgical treatment of liver hydatid cysts. Br J Surg. 101(6):669-75, 2014
                                                                              2. Benhamiche H et al: Peritoneal hydatidosis and hepatic hydatid cyst perforation. Diagn Interv Imaging. 94(11):1157-60, 2013
                                                                              3. Cubas-Castillo R et al: Hydatid liver disease: our 25-year experience. Cir Cir. 79(4):306-312, 2011
                                                                              4. Rooh-ul-Muqim et al: Laparoscopic treatment of hepatic hydatid cyst. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 21(8):468-71, 2011
                                                                              5. Salinas JL et al: Long-term albendazole effectiveness for hepatic cystic echinococcosis. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 85(6):1075-9, 2011
                                                                              6. Sekulic S et al: Liver hydatidosis - surgical treatment. Hepatogastroenterology. 58(109):1343-8, 2011
                                                                              7. Wahlers K et al: Human cystic echinococcosis in South Africa. Acta Trop. 120(3):179-84, 2011
                                                                              8. Turgut AT et al: Multitechnique evaluation of renal hydatid disease. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 192(2):462-7, 2009
                                                                              9. Abid M et al: Education and imaging. Hepatobiliary and pancreatic: isolated hydatid cyst of the pancreas. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 23(11):1773, 2008
                                                                              10. Czermak BV et al: Echinococcosis of the liver. Abdom Imaging. 33(2):133-43, 2008
                                                                              11. Sabat SB et al: Cholecysto-hydatid cyst fistula. J Ultrasound Med. 27(2):299-301, 2008
                                                                              12. Turgut AT et al: Sonographic spectrum of hydatid disease. Ultrasound Q. 24(1):17-29, 2008
                                                                              13. Inan N et al: Diffusion-weighted imaging in the differential diagnosis of simple and hydatid cysts of the liver. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 189(5):1031-6, 2007
                                                                              14. Polat P et al: Hydatid disease from head to toe. Radiographics. 23(2):475-94; quiz 536-7, 2003
                                                                              15. Mortele KJ et al: Cystic focal liver lesions in the adult: differential CT and MR imaging features. Radiographics. 21(4):895-910, 2001
                                                                              16. Pedrosa I et al: Hydatid disease: radiologic and pathologic features and complications. Radiographics. 20(3):795-817, 2000
                                                                              17. Taourel P et al: Hydatid cyst of the liver: comparison of CT and MRI. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 17(1):80-5, 1993