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Hepatitis
Aya Kamaya, MD, FSRU, FSAR
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Definitions

          • Injury to liver associated with influx of acute or chronic inflammatory cells due to viral infection, drugs, toxins, autoimmune, ischemia, or microvesicular fat syndromes

        IMAGING

        • General Features

          • Ultrasonographic Findings

            • CT Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Pirmoazen AM et al: Diagnostic performance of 9 quantitative ultrasound parameters for detection and classification of hepatic steatosis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Invest Radiol. ePub, 2021
                                  2. Barr RG et al: Update to the Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound liver elastography consensus statement. Radiology. 296(2):263-74, 2020
                                  3. Furlan A et al: Comparison of 2D shear wave elastography, transient elastography, and MR elastography for the diagnosis of fibrosis in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 214(1):W20-6, 2020
                                  4. Pirmoazen AM et al: Quantitative ultrasound approaches for diagnosis and monitoring hepatic steatosis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Theranostics. 10(9):4277-89, 2020
                                  5. Sugimoto K et al: The role of multiparametric US of the liver for the evaluation of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Radiology. 296(3);532-40, 2020
                                  6. Tse JR et al: Performance of hepatic artery velocity in evaluation of causes of markedly elevated liver tests. Ultrasound Med Biol. 44(11):2233-40, 2018
                                  7. Firneisz G: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus: the liver disease of our age? World J Gastroenterol. 20(27):9072-89, 2014
                                  8. Heller MT et al: The role of ultrasonography in the evaluation of diffuse liver disease. Radiol Clin North Am. 52(6):1163-75, 2014
                                  9. Goh V et al: Functional imaging of the liver. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 34(1):54-65, 2013
                                  10. Sudhamsu KC: Ultrasound findings in acute viral hepatitis. Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ). 4(4):415-8, 2006
                                  11. Cakir B et al: Unusual MDCT and sonography findings in fulminant hepatic failure resulting from hepatitis A infection. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 185(4):1033-5, 2005
                                  12. Rubens DJ: Hepatobiliary imaging and its pitfalls. Radiol Clin North Am. 42(2):257-78, 2004
                                  13. Han SH et al: Duplex Doppler ultrasound of the hepatic artery in patients with acute alcoholic hepatitis. J Clin Gastroenterol. 34(5):573-7, 2002
                                  14. Tchelepi H et al: Sonography of diffuse liver disease. J Ultrasound Med. 21(9):1023-32; quiz 1033-4, 2002
                                  15. Murakami T et al: Liver necrosis and regeneration after fulminant hepatitis: pathologic correlation with CT and MR findings. Radiology. 198(1):239-42, 1996
                                  Related Anatomy
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                                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                  References
                                  Tables

                                  Tables

                                  KEY FACTS

                                  • Terminology

                                    • Imaging

                                      • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                        • Definitions

                                          • Injury to liver associated with influx of acute or chronic inflammatory cells due to viral infection, drugs, toxins, autoimmune, ischemia, or microvesicular fat syndromes

                                        IMAGING

                                        • General Features

                                          • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                            • CT Findings

                                              • MR Findings

                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                          • Microscopic Features

                                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                            • Presentation

                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                • Treatment

                                                                  Selected References

                                                                  1. Pirmoazen AM et al: Diagnostic performance of 9 quantitative ultrasound parameters for detection and classification of hepatic steatosis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Invest Radiol. ePub, 2021
                                                                  2. Barr RG et al: Update to the Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound liver elastography consensus statement. Radiology. 296(2):263-74, 2020
                                                                  3. Furlan A et al: Comparison of 2D shear wave elastography, transient elastography, and MR elastography for the diagnosis of fibrosis in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 214(1):W20-6, 2020
                                                                  4. Pirmoazen AM et al: Quantitative ultrasound approaches for diagnosis and monitoring hepatic steatosis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Theranostics. 10(9):4277-89, 2020
                                                                  5. Sugimoto K et al: The role of multiparametric US of the liver for the evaluation of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Radiology. 296(3);532-40, 2020
                                                                  6. Tse JR et al: Performance of hepatic artery velocity in evaluation of causes of markedly elevated liver tests. Ultrasound Med Biol. 44(11):2233-40, 2018
                                                                  7. Firneisz G: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus: the liver disease of our age? World J Gastroenterol. 20(27):9072-89, 2014
                                                                  8. Heller MT et al: The role of ultrasonography in the evaluation of diffuse liver disease. Radiol Clin North Am. 52(6):1163-75, 2014
                                                                  9. Goh V et al: Functional imaging of the liver. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 34(1):54-65, 2013
                                                                  10. Sudhamsu KC: Ultrasound findings in acute viral hepatitis. Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ). 4(4):415-8, 2006
                                                                  11. Cakir B et al: Unusual MDCT and sonography findings in fulminant hepatic failure resulting from hepatitis A infection. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 185(4):1033-5, 2005
                                                                  12. Rubens DJ: Hepatobiliary imaging and its pitfalls. Radiol Clin North Am. 42(2):257-78, 2004
                                                                  13. Han SH et al: Duplex Doppler ultrasound of the hepatic artery in patients with acute alcoholic hepatitis. J Clin Gastroenterol. 34(5):573-7, 2002
                                                                  14. Tchelepi H et al: Sonography of diffuse liver disease. J Ultrasound Med. 21(9):1023-32; quiz 1033-4, 2002
                                                                  15. Murakami T et al: Liver necrosis and regeneration after fulminant hepatitis: pathologic correlation with CT and MR findings. Radiology. 198(1):239-42, 1996