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Hernia
Amir A. Borhani, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      TERMINOLOGY

      • Definitions

        • Protrusion of organ (or tissue) outside its physiologic cavity
        • Incarcerated (irreducible) hernia: Entrapment of hernia content within hernia sac
        • Strangulated hernia: Compromised blood flow to hernia content resulting in ischemia/necrosis

      IMAGING

      • Relevant Anatomy

        • Direct Inguinal Hernia

          • Indirect Inguinal Hernia

            • Femoral Hernia

              • Obturator Hernia

                • Perineal Hernia

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                    • Demographics

                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                        Selected References

                        1. Murphy KP et al: Adult abdominal hernias. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 202(6):W506-11, 2014
                        2. Burkhardt JH et al: Diagnosis of inguinal region hernias with axial CT: the lateral crescent sign and other key findings. Radiographics. 31(2):E1-12, 2011
                        3. Stamatiou D et al: Obturator hernia revisited: surgical anatomy, embryology, diagnosis, and technique of repair. Am Surg. 77(9):1147-57, 2011
                        4. Aguirre DA et al: Abdominal wall hernias: imaging features, complications, and diagnostic pitfalls at multi-detector row CT. Radiographics. 25(6):1501-20, 2005
                        5. Jaffe TA et al: MDCT of abdominal wall hernias: is there a role for valsalva's maneuver? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 184(3):847-51, 2005
                        6. Zollinger RM Jr: An updated traditional classification of inguinal hernias. Hernia. 8(4):318-22, 2004
                        7. van den Berg JC: Inguinal hernias: MRI and ultrasound. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 23(2):156-73, 2002
                        8. Toms AP et al: Illustrated review of new imaging techniques in the diagnosis of abdominal wall hernias. Br J Surg. 86(10): 1243-9, 1999
                        Related Anatomy
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                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                        References
                        Tables

                        Tables

                        KEY FACTS

                        • Terminology

                          • Imaging

                            TERMINOLOGY

                            • Definitions

                              • Protrusion of organ (or tissue) outside its physiologic cavity
                              • Incarcerated (irreducible) hernia: Entrapment of hernia content within hernia sac
                              • Strangulated hernia: Compromised blood flow to hernia content resulting in ischemia/necrosis

                            IMAGING

                            • Relevant Anatomy

                              • Direct Inguinal Hernia

                                • Indirect Inguinal Hernia

                                  • Femoral Hernia

                                    • Obturator Hernia

                                      • Perineal Hernia

                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                          • Demographics

                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                              Selected References

                                              1. Murphy KP et al: Adult abdominal hernias. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 202(6):W506-11, 2014
                                              2. Burkhardt JH et al: Diagnosis of inguinal region hernias with axial CT: the lateral crescent sign and other key findings. Radiographics. 31(2):E1-12, 2011
                                              3. Stamatiou D et al: Obturator hernia revisited: surgical anatomy, embryology, diagnosis, and technique of repair. Am Surg. 77(9):1147-57, 2011
                                              4. Aguirre DA et al: Abdominal wall hernias: imaging features, complications, and diagnostic pitfalls at multi-detector row CT. Radiographics. 25(6):1501-20, 2005
                                              5. Jaffe TA et al: MDCT of abdominal wall hernias: is there a role for valsalva's maneuver? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 184(3):847-51, 2005
                                              6. Zollinger RM Jr: An updated traditional classification of inguinal hernias. Hernia. 8(4):318-22, 2004
                                              7. van den Berg JC: Inguinal hernias: MRI and ultrasound. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 23(2):156-73, 2002
                                              8. Toms AP et al: Illustrated review of new imaging techniques in the diagnosis of abdominal wall hernias. Br J Surg. 86(10): 1243-9, 1999