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HIV/AIDS, Miscellaneous Manifestations
Miral D. Jhaveri, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Diagnostic Checklist

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • HIV/AIDS-related opportunistic infections, neoplasms

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • CT Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Consider

                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Bilgrami M et al: Neurologic diseases in HIV-infected patients. Handb Clin Neurol. 121:1321-44, 2014
                                      2. Gobert A et al: [HIV-related malignancies: state of art.] Bull Cancer. 101(11):1020-9, 2014
                                      3. Rios A: HIV-related hematological malignancies: a concise review. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk. 14 Suppl:S96-103, 2014
                                      4. Riveiro-Barciela M et al: Neurological opportunistic infections and neurological immune reconstitution syndrome: impact of one decade of highly active antiretroviral treatment in a tertiary hospital. HIV Med. 14(1):21-30, 2013
                                      5. Mentzer A et al: Is it all cerebral toxoplasmosis? Lancet. 379(9812):286, 2012
                                      6. Post MJ et al: CNS-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in the setting of HIV infection, part 1: Overview and discussion of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome and cryptococcal-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. Epub ahead of print, 2012
                                      7. Post MJ et al: CNS-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in the setting of HIV infection, part 2: Discussion of neuro-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome with and without other pathogens. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. Epub ahead of print, 2012
                                      8. Smith AB et al: From the archives of the AFIP: central nervous system infections associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 28(7):2033-58, 2008. Review. Erratum in: Radiographics. 29(2):638, 2009
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Diagnostic Checklist

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Definitions

                                                • HIV/AIDS-related opportunistic infections, neoplasms

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • CT Findings

                                                  • MR Findings

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                              • Microscopic Features

                                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                • Presentation

                                                                  • Demographics

                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                      • Consider

                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Bilgrami M et al: Neurologic diseases in HIV-infected patients. Handb Clin Neurol. 121:1321-44, 2014
                                                                          2. Gobert A et al: [HIV-related malignancies: state of art.] Bull Cancer. 101(11):1020-9, 2014
                                                                          3. Rios A: HIV-related hematological malignancies: a concise review. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk. 14 Suppl:S96-103, 2014
                                                                          4. Riveiro-Barciela M et al: Neurological opportunistic infections and neurological immune reconstitution syndrome: impact of one decade of highly active antiretroviral treatment in a tertiary hospital. HIV Med. 14(1):21-30, 2013
                                                                          5. Mentzer A et al: Is it all cerebral toxoplasmosis? Lancet. 379(9812):286, 2012
                                                                          6. Post MJ et al: CNS-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in the setting of HIV infection, part 1: Overview and discussion of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome and cryptococcal-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. Epub ahead of print, 2012
                                                                          7. Post MJ et al: CNS-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in the setting of HIV infection, part 2: Discussion of neuro-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome with and without other pathogens. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. Epub ahead of print, 2012
                                                                          8. Smith AB et al: From the archives of the AFIP: central nervous system infections associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 28(7):2033-58, 2008. Review. Erratum in: Radiographics. 29(2):638, 2009