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HIV/AIDS, Miscellaneous Manifestations
Miral D. Jhaveri, MD, MBA
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Diagnostic Checklist

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Definitions

          • HIV/AIDS-related opportunistic infections, neoplasms, & vasculopathy

        IMAGING

        • General Features

          • CT Findings

            • MR Findings

              • Imaging Recommendations

                • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                        • Microscopic Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Treatment

                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                • Consider

                                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Guzman N et al: HIV-associated lipodystrophy. StatPearls Publishing, 2020
                                    2. Lin X et al: Atypical radiological findings of primary central nervous system lymphoma. Neuroradiology. ePub, 2020
                                    3. Bogorodskaya M et al: Stroke in HIV. Can J Cardiol. 35(3):280-7, 2019
                                    4. Dalla Pria A et al: Recent advances in HIV-associated Kaposi sarcoma. F1000Res. 8, 2019
                                    5. Meer S: Human immunodeficiency virus and salivary gland pathology: an update. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 128(1):52-9, 2019
                                    6. Noy A: Optimizing treatment of HIV-associated lymphoma. Blood. 134(17):1385-94, 2019
                                    7. Reid E et al: AIDS-related kaposi sarcoma, Version 2.2019, NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology. J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 17(2):171-89, 2019
                                    8. Brandsma D et al: Primary CNS lymphoma in HIV infection. Handb Clin Neurol. 152:177-86, 2018
                                    9. Ji Y et al: Malignancies in HIV-infected and AIDS patients. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1018:167-79, 2017
                                    10. Bilgrami M et al: Neurologic diseases in HIV-infected patients. Handb Clin Neurol. 121:1321-44, 2014
                                    11. Gobert A et al: [HIV-related malignancies: state of art.] Bull Cancer. 101(11):1020-9, 2014
                                    12. Rios A: HIV-related hematological malignancies: a concise review. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk. 14 Suppl:S96-103, 2014
                                    13. Post MJ et al: CNS-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in the setting of HIV infection, part 1: overview and discussion of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome and cryptococcal-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 34(7):1297-307, 2013
                                    14. Post MJ et al: CNS-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in the setting of HIV infection, part 2: discussion of neuro-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome with and without other pathogens. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 34(7):1308-18, 2013
                                    15. Riveiro-Barciela M et al: Neurological opportunistic infections and neurological immune reconstitution syndrome: impact of one decade of highly active antiretroviral treatment in a tertiary hospital. HIV Med. 14(1):21-30, 2013
                                    16. Mentzer A et al: Is it all cerebral toxoplasmosis? Lancet. 379(9812):286, 2012
                                    17. Smith AB et al: From the archives of the AFIP: central nervous system infections associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 28(7):2033-58, 2008. Review. Erratum in: Radiographics. 29(2):638, 2009
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Diagnostic Checklist

                                          TERMINOLOGY

                                          • Definitions

                                            • HIV/AIDS-related opportunistic infections, neoplasms, & vasculopathy

                                          IMAGING

                                          • General Features

                                            • CT Findings

                                              • MR Findings

                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                  • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                      PATHOLOGY

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                          • Microscopic Features

                                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                            • Presentation

                                                              • Demographics

                                                                • Treatment

                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                  • Consider

                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Guzman N et al: HIV-associated lipodystrophy. StatPearls Publishing, 2020
                                                                      2. Lin X et al: Atypical radiological findings of primary central nervous system lymphoma. Neuroradiology. ePub, 2020
                                                                      3. Bogorodskaya M et al: Stroke in HIV. Can J Cardiol. 35(3):280-7, 2019
                                                                      4. Dalla Pria A et al: Recent advances in HIV-associated Kaposi sarcoma. F1000Res. 8, 2019
                                                                      5. Meer S: Human immunodeficiency virus and salivary gland pathology: an update. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 128(1):52-9, 2019
                                                                      6. Noy A: Optimizing treatment of HIV-associated lymphoma. Blood. 134(17):1385-94, 2019
                                                                      7. Reid E et al: AIDS-related kaposi sarcoma, Version 2.2019, NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology. J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 17(2):171-89, 2019
                                                                      8. Brandsma D et al: Primary CNS lymphoma in HIV infection. Handb Clin Neurol. 152:177-86, 2018
                                                                      9. Ji Y et al: Malignancies in HIV-infected and AIDS patients. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1018:167-79, 2017
                                                                      10. Bilgrami M et al: Neurologic diseases in HIV-infected patients. Handb Clin Neurol. 121:1321-44, 2014
                                                                      11. Gobert A et al: [HIV-related malignancies: state of art.] Bull Cancer. 101(11):1020-9, 2014
                                                                      12. Rios A: HIV-related hematological malignancies: a concise review. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk. 14 Suppl:S96-103, 2014
                                                                      13. Post MJ et al: CNS-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in the setting of HIV infection, part 1: overview and discussion of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome and cryptococcal-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 34(7):1297-307, 2013
                                                                      14. Post MJ et al: CNS-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in the setting of HIV infection, part 2: discussion of neuro-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome with and without other pathogens. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 34(7):1308-18, 2013
                                                                      15. Riveiro-Barciela M et al: Neurological opportunistic infections and neurological immune reconstitution syndrome: impact of one decade of highly active antiretroviral treatment in a tertiary hospital. HIV Med. 14(1):21-30, 2013
                                                                      16. Mentzer A et al: Is it all cerebral toxoplasmosis? Lancet. 379(9812):286, 2012
                                                                      17. Smith AB et al: From the archives of the AFIP: central nervous system infections associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 28(7):2033-58, 2008. Review. Erratum in: Radiographics. 29(2):638, 2009