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HIV/AIDS
Donna G. Blankenbaker, MD, FACR; B. J. Manaster, MD, PhD, FACR
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Clinical Issues

        • Diagnostic Checklist

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • AIDS: set of symptoms and infections resulting from damage to immune system caused by HIV
              • Most common MSK complications include infection, arthritis syndromes, marrow abnormalities, myositis, and neoplasms

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                        • Microscopic Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Consider

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Narita C et al: Disseminated intraosseous Kaposi's sarcoma: a rare manifestation of HIV/AIDS. J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol. 65(1):86-8, 2021
                                    2. Verdecia J et al: Kaposi sarcoma with musculoskeletal manifestations in a well-controlled HIV patient. IDCases. 17:e00571, 2019
                                    3. Green KR et al: Avascular necrosis: a growing concern for the HIV population. BMJ Case Rep. 2018, 2018
                                    4. Papanastasopoulos P et al: HIV-related Kaposi's sarcoma with musculoskeletal involvement in the modern antiretroviral era. Anticancer Res. 36(7):3465-9, 2016
                                    5. Booth TC et al: Update on imaging of non-infectious musculoskeletal complications of HIV infection. Skeletal Radiol. 41(11):1349-63, 2012
                                    6. Josse G et al: Human immunodeficiency virus atropy induces modification of subcutaneous adipose tissue architecture: in vivo visualization by high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging. Br J Dermatol. 160(4):741-6, 2009
                                    7. Nguyen BY et al: Rheumatic manifestations associated with HIV in the highly active antiretroviral therapy era. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 21(4):404-10, 2009
                                    8. Sathekge M et al: Positron emission tomography in patients suffering from HIV-1 infection. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 36(7):1176-84, 2009
                                    9. Schulze M et al: MRI findings in inflammatory muscle diseases and their noninflammatory mimics. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 192(6):1708-16, 2009
                                    10. Marquez J et al: HIV-associated musculoskeletal involvement. AIDS Read. 14(4):175-9, 183-4, 2004
                                    11. Restrepo CS et al: Imaging findings in musculoskeletal complications of AIDS. Radiographics. 24(4):1029-49, 2004
                                    12. Tehranzadeh J et al: Musculoskeletal disorders associated with HIV infection and AIDS. Part I: infectious musculoskeletal conditions. Skeletal Radiol. 33(5):249-59, 2004
                                    13. Tehranzadeh J et al: Musculoskeletal disorders associated with HIV infection and AIDS. Part II: non-infectious musculoskeletal conditions. Skeletal Radiol. 33(6):311-20, 2004
                                    14. Steinbach LS et al: Human immunodeficiency virus infection: musculoskeletal manifestations. Radiology. 186(3):833-8, 1993
                                    15. Kazakov MB: [Role of the medical-physical culture service in the organization of medical examinations of sportsmen and school children.] Sov Med. 34(2):122-7, 1971
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Clinical Issues

                                          • Diagnostic Checklist

                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                            • Definitions

                                              • AIDS: set of symptoms and infections resulting from damage to immune system caused by HIV
                                                • Most common MSK complications include infection, arthritis syndromes, marrow abnormalities, myositis, and neoplasms

                                            IMAGING

                                            • General Features

                                              • Radiographic Findings

                                                • MR Findings

                                                  • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                      PATHOLOGY

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                          • Microscopic Features

                                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                            • Presentation

                                                              • Demographics

                                                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                  • Treatment

                                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                    • Consider

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Narita C et al: Disseminated intraosseous Kaposi's sarcoma: a rare manifestation of HIV/AIDS. J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol. 65(1):86-8, 2021
                                                                      2. Verdecia J et al: Kaposi sarcoma with musculoskeletal manifestations in a well-controlled HIV patient. IDCases. 17:e00571, 2019
                                                                      3. Green KR et al: Avascular necrosis: a growing concern for the HIV population. BMJ Case Rep. 2018, 2018
                                                                      4. Papanastasopoulos P et al: HIV-related Kaposi's sarcoma with musculoskeletal involvement in the modern antiretroviral era. Anticancer Res. 36(7):3465-9, 2016
                                                                      5. Booth TC et al: Update on imaging of non-infectious musculoskeletal complications of HIV infection. Skeletal Radiol. 41(11):1349-63, 2012
                                                                      6. Josse G et al: Human immunodeficiency virus atropy induces modification of subcutaneous adipose tissue architecture: in vivo visualization by high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging. Br J Dermatol. 160(4):741-6, 2009
                                                                      7. Nguyen BY et al: Rheumatic manifestations associated with HIV in the highly active antiretroviral therapy era. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 21(4):404-10, 2009
                                                                      8. Sathekge M et al: Positron emission tomography in patients suffering from HIV-1 infection. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 36(7):1176-84, 2009
                                                                      9. Schulze M et al: MRI findings in inflammatory muscle diseases and their noninflammatory mimics. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 192(6):1708-16, 2009
                                                                      10. Marquez J et al: HIV-associated musculoskeletal involvement. AIDS Read. 14(4):175-9, 183-4, 2004
                                                                      11. Restrepo CS et al: Imaging findings in musculoskeletal complications of AIDS. Radiographics. 24(4):1029-49, 2004
                                                                      12. Tehranzadeh J et al: Musculoskeletal disorders associated with HIV infection and AIDS. Part I: infectious musculoskeletal conditions. Skeletal Radiol. 33(5):249-59, 2004
                                                                      13. Tehranzadeh J et al: Musculoskeletal disorders associated with HIV infection and AIDS. Part II: non-infectious musculoskeletal conditions. Skeletal Radiol. 33(6):311-20, 2004
                                                                      14. Steinbach LS et al: Human immunodeficiency virus infection: musculoskeletal manifestations. Radiology. 186(3):833-8, 1993
                                                                      15. Kazakov MB: [Role of the medical-physical culture service in the organization of medical examinations of sportsmen and school children.] Sov Med. 34(2):122-7, 1971