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HIV/AIDS
Siva P. Raman, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Abbreviations

          • Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
          • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
        • Definitions

          • Abdominal opportunistic infections and neoplasms resulting from HIV/AIDS-related immunodeficiency

        IMAGING

        • General Features

          • Imaging Recommendations

            • CT Findings

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • Fluoroscopic Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Yang J et al: AIDS-Related Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: Imaging Feature Analysis of 27 Cases and Correlation with Pathologic Findings. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 15(18):7769-73, 2014
                                            2. Tonolini M et al: Mesenterial, omental, and peritoneal disorders in antiretroviral-treated HIV/AIDS patients: spectrum of cross-sectional imaging findings. Clin Imaging. 37(3):427-39, 2013
                                            3. Lee WK et al: CT appearances of abdominal tuberculosis. Clin Radiol. 67(6):596-604, 2012
                                            4. Aris F et al: AIRP best cases in radiologic-pathologic correlation: Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex enteritis. Radiographics. 31(3):825-30, 2011
                                            5. Tonolini M et al: Acute HIV-related gastrointestinal disorders and complications in the antiretroviral era: spectrum of cross-sectional imaging findings. Abdom Imaging. 38(5):994-1004, 2013
                                            6. Kehagias I et al: A rare case of intussusception leading to the diagnosis of acquired immune deficiency syndrome: a case report. J Med Case Reports. 3:61, 2009
                                            7. Nunweiler CG et al: The imaging features of nontuberculous mycobacterial immune reconstitution syndrome. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 33(2):242-6, 2009
                                            8. Sriaroon C et al: Diffuse intra-abdominal granulomatous seeding as a manifestation of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome associated with microsporidiosis in a patient with HIV. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 22(8):611-2, 2008
                                            9. Symeonidou C et al: Imaging and histopathologic features of HIV-related renal disease. RadioGraphics 28: 1339-1354; 2008
                                            10. Knysz B et al: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma as a rare manifestation of immune reconstitution disease in HIV-1 positive patients. Postepy Hig Med Dosw (Online). 60:547-51, 2006
                                            11. Slaven EM et al: The AIDS patient with abdominal pain: a new challenge for the emergency physician. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 21(4):987-1015, 2003
                                            12. Wang NC et al: Intussusception as the initial manifestation of AIDS associated with primary Kaposi's sarcoma: a case report. J Formos Med Assoc. 101(8):585-7, 2002
                                            13. Bernabeu-Wittel M et al: Etiology, clinical features and outcome of splenic microabscesses in HIV-infected patients with prolonged fever. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 18(5):324-9, 1999
                                            14. Sud A et al: Epstein-Barr virus induced non-Hodgkin's lymphoma as a presenting manifestation of acquired immune deficiency syndrome. J Assoc Physicians India. 47(4):442-3, 1999
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Pathology

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Abbreviations

                                                    • Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
                                                    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Abdominal opportunistic infections and neoplasms resulting from HIV/AIDS-related immunodeficiency

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                          • Radiographic Findings

                                                            • Fluoroscopic Findings

                                                              • MR Findings

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • General Features

                                                                    • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                        • Microscopic Features

                                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                          • Presentation

                                                                            • Demographics

                                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                • Treatment

                                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                  • Consider

                                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Yang J et al: AIDS-Related Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: Imaging Feature Analysis of 27 Cases and Correlation with Pathologic Findings. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 15(18):7769-73, 2014
                                                                                      2. Tonolini M et al: Mesenterial, omental, and peritoneal disorders in antiretroviral-treated HIV/AIDS patients: spectrum of cross-sectional imaging findings. Clin Imaging. 37(3):427-39, 2013
                                                                                      3. Lee WK et al: CT appearances of abdominal tuberculosis. Clin Radiol. 67(6):596-604, 2012
                                                                                      4. Aris F et al: AIRP best cases in radiologic-pathologic correlation: Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex enteritis. Radiographics. 31(3):825-30, 2011
                                                                                      5. Tonolini M et al: Acute HIV-related gastrointestinal disorders and complications in the antiretroviral era: spectrum of cross-sectional imaging findings. Abdom Imaging. 38(5):994-1004, 2013
                                                                                      6. Kehagias I et al: A rare case of intussusception leading to the diagnosis of acquired immune deficiency syndrome: a case report. J Med Case Reports. 3:61, 2009
                                                                                      7. Nunweiler CG et al: The imaging features of nontuberculous mycobacterial immune reconstitution syndrome. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 33(2):242-6, 2009
                                                                                      8. Sriaroon C et al: Diffuse intra-abdominal granulomatous seeding as a manifestation of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome associated with microsporidiosis in a patient with HIV. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 22(8):611-2, 2008
                                                                                      9. Symeonidou C et al: Imaging and histopathologic features of HIV-related renal disease. RadioGraphics 28: 1339-1354; 2008
                                                                                      10. Knysz B et al: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma as a rare manifestation of immune reconstitution disease in HIV-1 positive patients. Postepy Hig Med Dosw (Online). 60:547-51, 2006
                                                                                      11. Slaven EM et al: The AIDS patient with abdominal pain: a new challenge for the emergency physician. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 21(4):987-1015, 2003
                                                                                      12. Wang NC et al: Intussusception as the initial manifestation of AIDS associated with primary Kaposi's sarcoma: a case report. J Formos Med Assoc. 101(8):585-7, 2002
                                                                                      13. Bernabeu-Wittel M et al: Etiology, clinical features and outcome of splenic microabscesses in HIV-infected patients with prolonged fever. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 18(5):324-9, 1999
                                                                                      14. Sud A et al: Epstein-Barr virus induced non-Hodgkin's lymphoma as a presenting manifestation of acquired immune deficiency syndrome. J Assoc Physicians India. 47(4):442-3, 1999