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Horseshoe Kidney
Alessandro Furlan, MD; Michael P. Federle, MD, FACR
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Congenital anomaly in which kidneys are fused by isthmus at lower poles

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • Angiographic Findings

                      • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Natsis K et al: Horseshoe kidney: a review of anatomy and pathology. Surg Radiol Anat. 36(6):517-26, 2014
                                            2. Majidpour HS et al: Percutaneous management of urinary calculi in horseshoe kidneys. Urol J. 5(3):188-91, 2008
                                            3. O'Brien J et al: Imaging of horseshoe kidneys and their complications. J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol. 52(3):216-26, 2008
                                            4. Strauss S et al: Sonographic features of horseshoe kidney: review of 34 patients. J Ultrasound Med. 19(1):27-31, 2000
                                            5. Pozniak MA et al: Three-dimensional computed tomographic angiography of a horseshoe kidney with ureteropelvic junction obstruction. Urology. 49(2):267-8, 1997
                                            6. Banerjee B et al: Ultrasound diagnosis of horseshoe kidney. Br J Radiol. 64(766):898-900, 1991
                                            7. Mesrobian HG et al: Wilms tumor in horseshoe kidneys: a report from the National Wilms Tumor Study. J Urol. 133(6):1002-3, 1985
                                            8. Evans WP et al: Horseshoe kidney and urolithiasis. J Urol. 125(5):620-1, 1981
                                            9. Boatman DL et al: Congenital anomalies associated with horseshoe kidney. J Urol. 107(2):205-7, 1972
                                            10. Kolln CP et al: Horseshoe kidney: a review of 105 patients. J Urol. 107(2):203-4, 1972
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Pathology

                                                    • Clinical Issues

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • Congenital anomaly in which kidneys are fused by isthmus at lower poles

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • Radiographic Findings

                                                          • CT Findings

                                                            • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                              • Angiographic Findings

                                                                • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                  • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                      PATHOLOGY

                                                                      • General Features

                                                                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                          • Presentation

                                                                            • Demographics

                                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                • Treatment

                                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                  • Consider

                                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Natsis K et al: Horseshoe kidney: a review of anatomy and pathology. Surg Radiol Anat. 36(6):517-26, 2014
                                                                                      2. Majidpour HS et al: Percutaneous management of urinary calculi in horseshoe kidneys. Urol J. 5(3):188-91, 2008
                                                                                      3. O'Brien J et al: Imaging of horseshoe kidneys and their complications. J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol. 52(3):216-26, 2008
                                                                                      4. Strauss S et al: Sonographic features of horseshoe kidney: review of 34 patients. J Ultrasound Med. 19(1):27-31, 2000
                                                                                      5. Pozniak MA et al: Three-dimensional computed tomographic angiography of a horseshoe kidney with ureteropelvic junction obstruction. Urology. 49(2):267-8, 1997
                                                                                      6. Banerjee B et al: Ultrasound diagnosis of horseshoe kidney. Br J Radiol. 64(766):898-900, 1991
                                                                                      7. Mesrobian HG et al: Wilms tumor in horseshoe kidneys: a report from the National Wilms Tumor Study. J Urol. 133(6):1002-3, 1985
                                                                                      8. Evans WP et al: Horseshoe kidney and urolithiasis. J Urol. 125(5):620-1, 1981
                                                                                      9. Boatman DL et al: Congenital anomalies associated with horseshoe kidney. J Urol. 107(2):205-7, 1972
                                                                                      10. Kolln CP et al: Horseshoe kidney: a review of 105 patients. J Urol. 107(2):203-4, 1972