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Hydatid Disease
Miral D. Jhaveri, MD, MBA
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Hydatid disease/cyst (HD, HC)
              • Echinococcus granulosus (EG)
              • E. multilocularis/alveolaris (EM/EA)
            • Synonyms

              • Echinococcosis, HC

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Butt A et al: The maverick disease: cystic Echinococcosis in unusual locations: a ten year experience from an endemic region. Cureus. 11(10):e5939, 2019
                                      2. Tural Kara T: A rare mass in the brain in a child: hydatid cyst Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 43(2):99-101, 2019
                                      3. Alomari MS et al: Primary giant cerebral hydatid cyst in an 8-year-old girl. Asian J Neurosurg. 13(3):800-2, 2018
                                      4. Padayachy LC et al: Hydatid disease (Echinococcus) of the central nervous system. Childs Nerv Syst. 34(10):1967-71, 2018
                                      5. Polat G et al: Hydatidosis following giant cerebral hydatid cyst operation. World Neurosurg. 118:14-5, 2018
                                      6. Teke M et al: Imaging features of cerebral and spinal cystic echinococcosis. Radiol Med. 120(5):458-65, 2015
                                      7. Stojkovic M et al: Cystic and alveolar echinococcosis. Handb Clin Neurol. 114:327-34, 2013
                                      8. Wani NA et al: Computed tomography findings in cerebral hydatid disease. Turk Neurosurg. 21(3):347-51, 2011
                                      9. Abdel Razek AA et al: Magnetic resonance appearance of cerebral cystic echinococcosis: World Health Organization (WHO) classification. Acta Radiol. 50(5):549-54, 2009
                                      10. Izci Y et al: Cerebral hydatid cysts: technique and pitfalls of surgical management. Neurosurg Focus. 24(6):E15, 2008
                                      11. Joshi MP et al: Unilobar multiple cerebral hydatid cyst: a rare disease. Neurol India. 56(4):483-4, 2008
                                      12. Pedrosa I et al: Hydatid disease: radiologic and pathologic features and complications. Radiographics. 20(3):795-817, 2000
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Pathology

                                              • Clinical Issues

                                                TERMINOLOGY

                                                • Abbreviations

                                                  • Hydatid disease/cyst (HD, HC)
                                                  • Echinococcus granulosus (EG)
                                                  • E. multilocularis/alveolaris (EM/EA)
                                                • Synonyms

                                                  • Echinococcosis, HC

                                                IMAGING

                                                • General Features

                                                  • CT Findings

                                                    • MR Findings

                                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                              • Microscopic Features

                                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                • Presentation

                                                                  • Demographics

                                                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                      • Treatment

                                                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                        • Consider

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Butt A et al: The maverick disease: cystic Echinococcosis in unusual locations: a ten year experience from an endemic region. Cureus. 11(10):e5939, 2019
                                                                          2. Tural Kara T: A rare mass in the brain in a child: hydatid cyst Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 43(2):99-101, 2019
                                                                          3. Alomari MS et al: Primary giant cerebral hydatid cyst in an 8-year-old girl. Asian J Neurosurg. 13(3):800-2, 2018
                                                                          4. Padayachy LC et al: Hydatid disease (Echinococcus) of the central nervous system. Childs Nerv Syst. 34(10):1967-71, 2018
                                                                          5. Polat G et al: Hydatidosis following giant cerebral hydatid cyst operation. World Neurosurg. 118:14-5, 2018
                                                                          6. Teke M et al: Imaging features of cerebral and spinal cystic echinococcosis. Radiol Med. 120(5):458-65, 2015
                                                                          7. Stojkovic M et al: Cystic and alveolar echinococcosis. Handb Clin Neurol. 114:327-34, 2013
                                                                          8. Wani NA et al: Computed tomography findings in cerebral hydatid disease. Turk Neurosurg. 21(3):347-51, 2011
                                                                          9. Abdel Razek AA et al: Magnetic resonance appearance of cerebral cystic echinococcosis: World Health Organization (WHO) classification. Acta Radiol. 50(5):549-54, 2009
                                                                          10. Izci Y et al: Cerebral hydatid cysts: technique and pitfalls of surgical management. Neurosurg Focus. 24(6):E15, 2008
                                                                          11. Joshi MP et al: Unilobar multiple cerebral hydatid cyst: a rare disease. Neurol India. 56(4):483-4, 2008
                                                                          12. Pedrosa I et al: Hydatid disease: radiologic and pathologic features and complications. Radiographics. 20(3):795-817, 2000