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Hydrocele
Mitchell Tublin, MD; R. Brooke Jeffrey, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Definitions

                • Congenital or acquired serous fluid contained within layers of tunica vaginalis

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • MR Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Rafailidis V et al: Sonography of the scrotum: from appendages to scrotolithiasis. J Ultrasound Med. 34(3):507-18, 2015
                                          2. Garriga V et al: US of the tunica vaginalis testis: anatomic relationships and pathologic conditions. Radiographics. 29(7):2017-32, 2009
                                          3. Onol SY et al: A novel pull-through technique for the surgical management of idiopathic hydrocele. J Urol. 181(3):1201-5, 2009
                                          4. Belman AB: Abdominoscrotal hydrocele in infancy: a review and presentation of the scrotal approach for correction. J Urol. 165(1):225-7, 2001
                                          5. Kapur P et al: Pediatric hernias and hydroceles. Pediatr Clin North Am. 45(4):773-89, 1998
                                          6. Rathour DP et al: Sonography of abdomino-scrotal hydrocele. Australas Radiol. 38(4):282-3, 1994
                                          7. Fowler RC et al: Scrotal ultrasonography: a clinical evaluation. Br J Radiol. 60(715):649-54, 1987
                                          8. Krone KD et al: Scrotal ultrasound. Radiol Clin North Am. 23(1):121-39, 1985
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • Congenital or acquired serous fluid contained within layers of tunica vaginalis

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                    • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Rafailidis V et al: Sonography of the scrotum: from appendages to scrotolithiasis. J Ultrasound Med. 34(3):507-18, 2015
                                                                                  2. Garriga V et al: US of the tunica vaginalis testis: anatomic relationships and pathologic conditions. Radiographics. 29(7):2017-32, 2009
                                                                                  3. Onol SY et al: A novel pull-through technique for the surgical management of idiopathic hydrocele. J Urol. 181(3):1201-5, 2009
                                                                                  4. Belman AB: Abdominoscrotal hydrocele in infancy: a review and presentation of the scrotal approach for correction. J Urol. 165(1):225-7, 2001
                                                                                  5. Kapur P et al: Pediatric hernias and hydroceles. Pediatr Clin North Am. 45(4):773-89, 1998
                                                                                  6. Rathour DP et al: Sonography of abdomino-scrotal hydrocele. Australas Radiol. 38(4):282-3, 1994
                                                                                  7. Fowler RC et al: Scrotal ultrasonography: a clinical evaluation. Br J Radiol. 60(715):649-54, 1987
                                                                                  8. Krone KD et al: Scrotal ultrasound. Radiol Clin North Am. 23(1):121-39, 1985