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Hyoid Bone
Ronald C. Auvenshine, DDS, PhD; Nathan J. Pettit, DMD, MSD
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TERMINOLOGY

  • Abbreviations

    • C3 (3rd cervical vertebra)
    • C4 (4th cervical vertebra)
    • CBCT (cone-beam computed tomography)

GROSS ANATOMY

  • Location

    • Body of Hyoid

      • Greater Cornua (Horns)

        • Lesser Cornua (Horns)

          • Attachments

            • Muscle Action

              • Changes With Aging

                • Morphometrics

                  IMAGING ANATOMY

                  • Overview

                    • Variations In Shape

                      • Position

                        • Functional Variation

                          ANATOMY IMAGING ISSUES

                          • Imaging Recommendations

                            • Imaging Approaches

                              • Imaging Pitfalls

                                CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS

                                • Clinical Importance

                                  • Function & Dysfunction

                                    • Hyoid Posture

                                      EMBRYOLOGY

                                      • Second Pharyngeal Arch Derivatives

                                        • 3rd Pharyngeal Arch Derivatives

                                          • Hypopharyngeal Eminence

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Ito K et al: Morphological study of the human hyoid bone with three-dimensional CT images -Gender difference and age-related changes. Okajimas Folia Anat Jpn. 89(3):83-92, 2012
                                            2. Zheng L et al: Sagittal plane kinematics of the adult hyoid bone. J Biomech. 45(3):531-6, 2012
                                            3. German RZ et al: The concept of hyoid posture. Dysphagia. 26(2):97-8, 2011
                                            4. Rodríguez-Vázquez JF et al: Human fetal hyoid body origin revisited. J Anat. 219(2):143-9, 2011
                                            5. Capasso L et al: A Homo erectus hyoid bone: possible implications for the origin of the human capability for speech. Coll Antropol. 32(4):1007-11, 2008
                                            6. Sonoda N et al: Observation on the attachment of muscles onto the hyoid bone in human adults. Okajimas Folia Anat Jpn. 85(3):79-90, 2008
                                            7. Kollias I et al: Adult craniocervical and pharyngeal changes--a longitudinal cephalometric study between 22 and 42 years of age. Part I: Morphological craniocervical and hyoid bone changes. Eur J Orthod. 21(4):333-44, 1999
                                            8. Rocabado M: Biomechanical relationship of the cranial, cervical, and hyoid regions. J Craniomandibular Pract. 1(3):61-6, 1983
                                            9. Bibby RE et al: The hyoid triangle. Am J Orthod. 80(1):92-7, 1981
                                            10. Moore KL. Clinically oriented anatomy: 1047-1049, 5th Ed. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006
                                            11. Moore KL, Persaud TVN. The developing human: clinically oriented embryology, 8th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, 2003. p.160-2
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                            • Abbreviations

                                              • C3 (3rd cervical vertebra)
                                              • C4 (4th cervical vertebra)
                                              • CBCT (cone-beam computed tomography)

                                            GROSS ANATOMY

                                            • Location

                                              • Body of Hyoid

                                                • Greater Cornua (Horns)

                                                  • Lesser Cornua (Horns)

                                                    • Attachments

                                                      • Muscle Action

                                                        • Changes With Aging

                                                          • Morphometrics

                                                            IMAGING ANATOMY

                                                            • Overview

                                                              • Variations In Shape

                                                                • Position

                                                                  • Functional Variation

                                                                    ANATOMY IMAGING ISSUES

                                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                      • Imaging Approaches

                                                                        • Imaging Pitfalls

                                                                          CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS

                                                                          • Clinical Importance

                                                                            • Function & Dysfunction

                                                                              • Hyoid Posture

                                                                                EMBRYOLOGY

                                                                                • Second Pharyngeal Arch Derivatives

                                                                                  • 3rd Pharyngeal Arch Derivatives

                                                                                    • Hypopharyngeal Eminence

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Ito K et al: Morphological study of the human hyoid bone with three-dimensional CT images -Gender difference and age-related changes. Okajimas Folia Anat Jpn. 89(3):83-92, 2012
                                                                                      2. Zheng L et al: Sagittal plane kinematics of the adult hyoid bone. J Biomech. 45(3):531-6, 2012
                                                                                      3. German RZ et al: The concept of hyoid posture. Dysphagia. 26(2):97-8, 2011
                                                                                      4. Rodríguez-Vázquez JF et al: Human fetal hyoid body origin revisited. J Anat. 219(2):143-9, 2011
                                                                                      5. Capasso L et al: A Homo erectus hyoid bone: possible implications for the origin of the human capability for speech. Coll Antropol. 32(4):1007-11, 2008
                                                                                      6. Sonoda N et al: Observation on the attachment of muscles onto the hyoid bone in human adults. Okajimas Folia Anat Jpn. 85(3):79-90, 2008
                                                                                      7. Kollias I et al: Adult craniocervical and pharyngeal changes--a longitudinal cephalometric study between 22 and 42 years of age. Part I: Morphological craniocervical and hyoid bone changes. Eur J Orthod. 21(4):333-44, 1999
                                                                                      8. Rocabado M: Biomechanical relationship of the cranial, cervical, and hyoid regions. J Craniomandibular Pract. 1(3):61-6, 1983
                                                                                      9. Bibby RE et al: The hyoid triangle. Am J Orthod. 80(1):92-7, 1981
                                                                                      10. Moore KL. Clinically oriented anatomy: 1047-1049, 5th Ed. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006
                                                                                      11. Moore KL, Persaud TVN. The developing human: clinically oriented embryology, 8th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, 2003. p.160-2