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Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Randy R. Richardson, MD; Ryan A. Moore, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)
          • Synonyms

            • Idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis, hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
          • Definitions

            • Familial cardiomyopathy with thickening of left ventricular (LV) myocardium without other cardiac or systemic disease; typically involves ventricular septum

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Demographics

                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                              • Treatment

                                Selected References

                                1. Pleva M et al: [The role of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Part II.] Vnitr Lek. 63(4):249-53, Spring
                                2. Huang G et al: Apical variant hypertrophic cardiomyopathy "multimodality imaging evaluation". Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 36(3):553-61, 2020
                                3. Tower-Rader A et al: Multimodality imaging in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy for risk stratification. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 13(2):e009026, 2020
                                4. Guido V et al: [Role of multimodality imaging in the clinical evaluation of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.] G Ital Cardiol (Rome). 20(12):746-61, 2019
                                5. Makavos G et al: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: an updated review on diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment. Heart Fail Rev. 24(4):439-59, 2019
                                6. Kamal MU et al: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: current state of the art. Cardiol J. 23(3):250-63, 2016
                                7. Authors/Task Force members et al: 2014 ESC guidelines on diagnosis and management of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: the task force for the diagnosis and management of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Eur Heart J. 35(39):2733-79, 2014
                                8. Bogaert J et al: MR imaging in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: from magnet to bedside. Radiology. 273(2):329-48, 2014
                                9. Desai MY et al: Cardiac magnetic resonance in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Curr Cardiol Rep. 13(1):67-76, 2011
                                Related Anatomy
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                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                References
                                Tables

                                Tables

                                KEY FACTS

                                • Terminology

                                  • Imaging

                                    • Pathology

                                      • Clinical Issues

                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                        • Abbreviations

                                          • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)
                                        • Synonyms

                                          • Idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis, hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
                                        • Definitions

                                          • Familial cardiomyopathy with thickening of left ventricular (LV) myocardium without other cardiac or systemic disease; typically involves ventricular septum

                                        IMAGING

                                        • General Features

                                          • Radiographic Findings

                                            • MR Findings

                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                      • Presentation

                                                        • Demographics

                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                            • Treatment

                                                              Selected References

                                                              1. Pleva M et al: [The role of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Part II.] Vnitr Lek. 63(4):249-53, Spring
                                                              2. Huang G et al: Apical variant hypertrophic cardiomyopathy "multimodality imaging evaluation". Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 36(3):553-61, 2020
                                                              3. Tower-Rader A et al: Multimodality imaging in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy for risk stratification. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 13(2):e009026, 2020
                                                              4. Guido V et al: [Role of multimodality imaging in the clinical evaluation of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.] G Ital Cardiol (Rome). 20(12):746-61, 2019
                                                              5. Makavos G et al: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: an updated review on diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment. Heart Fail Rev. 24(4):439-59, 2019
                                                              6. Kamal MU et al: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: current state of the art. Cardiol J. 23(3):250-63, 2016
                                                              7. Authors/Task Force members et al: 2014 ESC guidelines on diagnosis and management of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: the task force for the diagnosis and management of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Eur Heart J. 35(39):2733-79, 2014
                                                              8. Bogaert J et al: MR imaging in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: from magnet to bedside. Radiology. 273(2):329-48, 2014
                                                              9. Desai MY et al: Cardiac magnetic resonance in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Curr Cardiol Rep. 13(1):67-76, 2011