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Hypodense Basal Ganglia
Karen L. Salzman, MD
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DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

    • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

      • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

        • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

          • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

            Selected References

            1. Walsh BH et al: The frequency and severity of magnetic resonance imaging abnormalities in infants with mild neonatal encephalopathy. J Pediatr. ePub, 2017
            2. Zheng Y et al: Measurement of lactate content and amide proton transfer values in the basal ganglia of a neonatal piglet hypoxic-ischemic brain injury model using MRI. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 38(4):827-834, 2017
            3. Amarnath C et al: Neonatal parechovirus leucoencephalitis- radiological pattern mimicking hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Eur J Radiol. 85(2):428-34, 2016
            4. Kim DM et al: Uremic encephalopathy: MR imaging findings and clinical correlation. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 37(9):1604-9, 2016
            5. Zuccoli G et al: Bilateral symmetrical basal ganglia and thalamic lesions in children: an update (2015). Neuroradiology. 57(10):973-89, 2015
            6. Ghei SK et al: MR imaging of hypoxic-ischemic injury in term neonates: pearls and pitfalls. Radiographics. 34(4):1047-61, 2014
            7. Hegde AN et al: Differential diagnosis for bilateral abnormalities of the basal ganglia and thalamus. Radiographics. 31(1):5-30, 2011
            8. Verma A: MR spectroscopy can help differentiate basal ganglia abnormalities associated with liver disease from those caused by other diseases. Radiographics. 31(3):893-4; author reply 894, 2011
            9. Kwee RM et al: Virchow-Robin spaces at MR imaging. Radiographics. 27(4):1071-86, 2007
            Related Anatomy
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            Related Differential Diagnoses
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            References
            Tables

            Tables

            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

              ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

              • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

                • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

                  • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

                    • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

                      Selected References

                      1. Walsh BH et al: The frequency and severity of magnetic resonance imaging abnormalities in infants with mild neonatal encephalopathy. J Pediatr. ePub, 2017
                      2. Zheng Y et al: Measurement of lactate content and amide proton transfer values in the basal ganglia of a neonatal piglet hypoxic-ischemic brain injury model using MRI. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 38(4):827-834, 2017
                      3. Amarnath C et al: Neonatal parechovirus leucoencephalitis- radiological pattern mimicking hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Eur J Radiol. 85(2):428-34, 2016
                      4. Kim DM et al: Uremic encephalopathy: MR imaging findings and clinical correlation. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 37(9):1604-9, 2016
                      5. Zuccoli G et al: Bilateral symmetrical basal ganglia and thalamic lesions in children: an update (2015). Neuroradiology. 57(10):973-89, 2015
                      6. Ghei SK et al: MR imaging of hypoxic-ischemic injury in term neonates: pearls and pitfalls. Radiographics. 34(4):1047-61, 2014
                      7. Hegde AN et al: Differential diagnosis for bilateral abnormalities of the basal ganglia and thalamus. Radiographics. 31(1):5-30, 2011
                      8. Verma A: MR spectroscopy can help differentiate basal ganglia abnormalities associated with liver disease from those caused by other diseases. Radiographics. 31(3):893-4; author reply 894, 2011
                      9. Kwee RM et al: Virchow-Robin spaces at MR imaging. Radiographics. 27(4):1071-86, 2007