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Hypoglossal Neuropathy
Nancy J. Fischbein, MD
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DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

    • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

      • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

        • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

          • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

            Selected References

            1. Thompson A et al: Imaging of IgG4-related disease of the head and neck. Clin Radiol. ePub, 2017
            2. Meng S et al: Ultrasound of the hypoglossal nerve in the neck: visualization and initial clinical experience with patients. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 37(2):354-9, 2016
            3. Weindling SM et al: Is Hypoglossal nerve palsy caused by craniocervical junction degenerative disease an underrecognized entity? AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. ePub, 2016
            4. Gursoy M et al: Hypoglossal canal invasion by glomus jugulare tumors: clinico-radiological correlation. Clin Imaging. 38(5):655-8, 2014
            5. Sarrazin JL et al: The lower cranial nerves: IX, X, XI, XII. Diagn Interv Imaging. 94(10):1051-62, 2013
            6. Learned KO et al: Hypoglossal nerve palsy missed and misinterpreted: the hidden skull base. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 36(6):718-24, 2012
            7. Alves P: Imaging the hypoglossal nerve. Eur J Radiol. 74(2):368-77, 2010
            8. Mendes-Araújo L et al: Case report. Atlantoaxial synovial cyst causing isolated unilateral hypoglossal nerve paralysis. Br J Radiol. 83(986):e35-8, 2010
            9. Nonaka Y et al: Unilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy caused by an intraneural ganglion cyst. J Neurosurg. 113(2):380-3, 2010
            10. Zeina AR et al: Hypoglossal nerve palsy secondary to cervical spine involvement in rheumatoid arthritis: clinical and radiological features. Joint Bone Spine. 76(5):547-9, 2009
            11. Olzowy B et al: Bilateral and unilateral internal carotid artery dissection causing isolated hypoglossal nerve palsy: a case report and review of the literature. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 263(4):390-3, 2006
            12. Knibb J et al: Internal carotid artery dissection presenting with ipsilateral tenth and twelfth nerve palsies and apparent mass lesion on MRI. Br J Radiol. 78(931):659-61, 2005
            13. Loh C et al: Cranial nerve XII: the hypoglossal nerve. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 23(3):256-65, 2002
            14. Karpati RL et al: Synchronous schwannomas of the hypoglossal nerve and cervical sympathetic chain. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 171(6):1505-7, 1998
            15. Murakami R et al: MR of denervated tongue: temporal changes after radical neck dissection. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 19(3):515-8, 1998
            16. Batchelor TT et al: Neuroimaging abnormalities with hypoglossal nerve palsies. J Neuroimaging. 6(4):240-2, 1996
            17. Castillo M et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of cranial nerves IX, X, XI, and XII. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 8(3):180-6, 1996
            18. Keane JR: Twelfth-nerve palsy. analysis of 100 cases. Arch Neurol. 53(6):561-6, 1996
            19. Thompson EO et al: Hypoglossal nerve palsy: a segmental approach. Radiographics. 14(5):939-58, 1994
            Related Anatomy
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            Related Differential Diagnoses
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            References
            Tables

            Tables

            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

              ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

              • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

                • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

                  • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

                    • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

                      Selected References

                      1. Thompson A et al: Imaging of IgG4-related disease of the head and neck. Clin Radiol. ePub, 2017
                      2. Meng S et al: Ultrasound of the hypoglossal nerve in the neck: visualization and initial clinical experience with patients. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 37(2):354-9, 2016
                      3. Weindling SM et al: Is Hypoglossal nerve palsy caused by craniocervical junction degenerative disease an underrecognized entity? AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. ePub, 2016
                      4. Gursoy M et al: Hypoglossal canal invasion by glomus jugulare tumors: clinico-radiological correlation. Clin Imaging. 38(5):655-8, 2014
                      5. Sarrazin JL et al: The lower cranial nerves: IX, X, XI, XII. Diagn Interv Imaging. 94(10):1051-62, 2013
                      6. Learned KO et al: Hypoglossal nerve palsy missed and misinterpreted: the hidden skull base. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 36(6):718-24, 2012
                      7. Alves P: Imaging the hypoglossal nerve. Eur J Radiol. 74(2):368-77, 2010
                      8. Mendes-Araújo L et al: Case report. Atlantoaxial synovial cyst causing isolated unilateral hypoglossal nerve paralysis. Br J Radiol. 83(986):e35-8, 2010
                      9. Nonaka Y et al: Unilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy caused by an intraneural ganglion cyst. J Neurosurg. 113(2):380-3, 2010
                      10. Zeina AR et al: Hypoglossal nerve palsy secondary to cervical spine involvement in rheumatoid arthritis: clinical and radiological features. Joint Bone Spine. 76(5):547-9, 2009
                      11. Olzowy B et al: Bilateral and unilateral internal carotid artery dissection causing isolated hypoglossal nerve palsy: a case report and review of the literature. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 263(4):390-3, 2006
                      12. Knibb J et al: Internal carotid artery dissection presenting with ipsilateral tenth and twelfth nerve palsies and apparent mass lesion on MRI. Br J Radiol. 78(931):659-61, 2005
                      13. Loh C et al: Cranial nerve XII: the hypoglossal nerve. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 23(3):256-65, 2002
                      14. Karpati RL et al: Synchronous schwannomas of the hypoglossal nerve and cervical sympathetic chain. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 171(6):1505-7, 1998
                      15. Murakami R et al: MR of denervated tongue: temporal changes after radical neck dissection. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 19(3):515-8, 1998
                      16. Batchelor TT et al: Neuroimaging abnormalities with hypoglossal nerve palsies. J Neuroimaging. 6(4):240-2, 1996
                      17. Castillo M et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of cranial nerves IX, X, XI, and XII. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 8(3):180-6, 1996
                      18. Keane JR: Twelfth-nerve palsy. analysis of 100 cases. Arch Neurol. 53(6):561-6, 1996
                      19. Thompson EO et al: Hypoglossal nerve palsy: a segmental approach. Radiographics. 14(5):939-58, 1994