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IABP and Other Devices
Anjuli Cherukuri, MD; Shweta Bhatt, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      TERMINOLOGY

      • Abbreviations

        • Intraaortic balloon pump (IABP)
        • Left ventricular assist device (LVAD)
        • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)
      • Definitions

        • IABP: Device inserted into descending aorta that expands during diastole to increase coronary and great vessel perfusion and collapses in systole to decrease afterload
        • LVAD: Device that diverts blood from left ventricle through pump to aorta used in patients with severe refractory cardiac failure
        • ECMO: Respiratory and cardiac support with oxygenation of blood by machine via venous-venous or venous-arterial access
        • Total artificial heart: Device that replaces both failing ventricles and all 4 cardiac valves as bridge to transplant

      IMAGING

      • Ultrasonographic Findings

        • Radiographic Findings

          • CT Findings

            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

              CLINICAL ISSUES

              • Presentation

                • Natural History & Prognosis

                  • Treatment

                    • Complications

                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                      • Consider

                        • Reporting Tips

                          Selected References

                          1. Nuffer Z et al: Doppler ultrasound evaluation of circulatory support devices. Ultrasound Q. 33(3):193-200, 2017
                          2. Dipoce J et al: Radiology of cardiac devices and their complications. Br J Radiol. 88(1046):20140540, 2015
                          3. Singewald T, Cassidy F, Aganovic L, Richman K: Catch a wave: Doppler US quiz: resident and fellow education feature. RadioGraphics, 35(3), 899–900, 2015
                          4. Mellnick VM et al: Imaging of left ventricular device complications. J Thorac Imaging. 28(2):W35-41, 2013
                          5. Ginat D et al: Imaging of mechanical cardiac assist devices. J Clin Imaging Sci. 1:21, 2011
                          6. Carr CM et al: CT of left ventricular assist devices. Radiographics. 30(2):429-44, 2010
                          Related Anatomy
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                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                          References
                          Tables

                          Tables

                          KEY FACTS

                          • Terminology

                            • Imaging

                              TERMINOLOGY

                              • Abbreviations

                                • Intraaortic balloon pump (IABP)
                                • Left ventricular assist device (LVAD)
                                • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)
                              • Definitions

                                • IABP: Device inserted into descending aorta that expands during diastole to increase coronary and great vessel perfusion and collapses in systole to decrease afterload
                                • LVAD: Device that diverts blood from left ventricle through pump to aorta used in patients with severe refractory cardiac failure
                                • ECMO: Respiratory and cardiac support with oxygenation of blood by machine via venous-venous or venous-arterial access
                                • Total artificial heart: Device that replaces both failing ventricles and all 4 cardiac valves as bridge to transplant

                              IMAGING

                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                • Radiographic Findings

                                  • CT Findings

                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                      • Presentation

                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                          • Treatment

                                            • Complications

                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                              • Consider

                                                • Reporting Tips

                                                  Selected References

                                                  1. Nuffer Z et al: Doppler ultrasound evaluation of circulatory support devices. Ultrasound Q. 33(3):193-200, 2017
                                                  2. Dipoce J et al: Radiology of cardiac devices and their complications. Br J Radiol. 88(1046):20140540, 2015
                                                  3. Singewald T, Cassidy F, Aganovic L, Richman K: Catch a wave: Doppler US quiz: resident and fellow education feature. RadioGraphics, 35(3), 899–900, 2015
                                                  4. Mellnick VM et al: Imaging of left ventricular device complications. J Thorac Imaging. 28(2):W35-41, 2013
                                                  5. Ginat D et al: Imaging of mechanical cardiac assist devices. J Clin Imaging Sci. 1:21, 2011
                                                  6. Carr CM et al: CT of left ventricular assist devices. Radiographics. 30(2):429-44, 2010