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Idiopathic Kyphosis
Kevin R. Moore, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Postural kyphosis, round back deformity
            • Definitions

              • Thoracic kyphosis without underlying structural abnormality

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Bueno Rde C et al: Postural deviations of students in Southern Brazil. Rev Paul Pediatr. 31(2):237-42, 2013
                                          2. Miladi L: Round and angular kyphosis in paediatric patients. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 99(1 Suppl):S140-9, 2013
                                          3. Nowotny-Czupryna O et al: Postural habits of young adults and possibilities of modification. Ortop Traumatol Rehabil. 15(1):9-21, 2013
                                          4. Saito W et al: Severe cervical kyphotic deformity caused by postural disorders in a child with schizophrenia. Spine J. 13(8):e37-43, 2013
                                          5. van Loon PJ et al: A new brace treatment similar for adolescent scoliosis and kyphosis based on restoration of thoracolumbar lordosis. Radiological and subjective clinical results after at least one year of treatment. Scoliosis. 7(1):19, 2012
                                          6. Mac-Thiong JM et al: Pediatric sagittal alignment. Eur Spine J. 20 Suppl 5:586-90, 2011
                                          7. Zaina F et al: Review of rehabilitation and orthopedic conservative approach to sagittal plane diseases during growth: hyperkyphosis, junctional kyphosis, and Scheuermann disease. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 45(4):595-603, 2009
                                          8. Elder DA et al: Kyphosis in a Turner syndrome population. Pediatrics. 109(6):e93, 2002
                                          9. Tala VT et al: Postural kyphosis and Scheuermann's disease. Semin in Spine Surg. 4:216-24, 1992
                                          10. Gutowski WT et al: Orthotic results in adolescent kyphosis. Spine. 13(5):485-9, 1988
                                          11. Propst-Proctor SL et al: Radiographic determination of lordosis and kyphosis in normal and scoliotic children. J Pediatr Orthop. 3(3):344-6, 1983
                                          12. Luque ER: The correction of postural curves of the spine. Spine. 7(3):270-5, 1982
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Synonyms

                                                      • Postural kyphosis, round back deformity
                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Thoracic kyphosis without underlying structural abnormality

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Radiographic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                    • Microscopic Features

                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Bueno Rde C et al: Postural deviations of students in Southern Brazil. Rev Paul Pediatr. 31(2):237-42, 2013
                                                                                  2. Miladi L: Round and angular kyphosis in paediatric patients. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 99(1 Suppl):S140-9, 2013
                                                                                  3. Nowotny-Czupryna O et al: Postural habits of young adults and possibilities of modification. Ortop Traumatol Rehabil. 15(1):9-21, 2013
                                                                                  4. Saito W et al: Severe cervical kyphotic deformity caused by postural disorders in a child with schizophrenia. Spine J. 13(8):e37-43, 2013
                                                                                  5. van Loon PJ et al: A new brace treatment similar for adolescent scoliosis and kyphosis based on restoration of thoracolumbar lordosis. Radiological and subjective clinical results after at least one year of treatment. Scoliosis. 7(1):19, 2012
                                                                                  6. Mac-Thiong JM et al: Pediatric sagittal alignment. Eur Spine J. 20 Suppl 5:586-90, 2011
                                                                                  7. Zaina F et al: Review of rehabilitation and orthopedic conservative approach to sagittal plane diseases during growth: hyperkyphosis, junctional kyphosis, and Scheuermann disease. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 45(4):595-603, 2009
                                                                                  8. Elder DA et al: Kyphosis in a Turner syndrome population. Pediatrics. 109(6):e93, 2002
                                                                                  9. Tala VT et al: Postural kyphosis and Scheuermann's disease. Semin in Spine Surg. 4:216-24, 1992
                                                                                  10. Gutowski WT et al: Orthotic results in adolescent kyphosis. Spine. 13(5):485-9, 1988
                                                                                  11. Propst-Proctor SL et al: Radiographic determination of lordosis and kyphosis in normal and scoliotic children. J Pediatr Orthop. 3(3):344-6, 1983
                                                                                  12. Luque ER: The correction of postural curves of the spine. Spine. 7(3):270-5, 1982