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Idiopathic Kyphosis
Kevin R. Moore, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Postural kyphosis, round back deformity
              • Definitions

                • Thoracic kyphosis without underlying structural abnormality

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Czaprowski D et al: Non-structural misalignments of body posture in the sagittal plane. Scoliosis Spinal Disord. 13:6, 2018
                                            2. Dupuis S et al: Global postural re-education in pediatric idiopathic scoliosis: a biomechanical modeling and analysis of curve reduction during active and assisted self-correction. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 19(1):200, 2018
                                            3. Bueno Rde C et al: Postural deviations of students in Southern Brazil. Rev Paul Pediatr. 31(2):237-42, 2013
                                            4. Miladi L: Round and angular kyphosis in paediatric patients. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 99(1 Suppl):S140-9, 2013
                                            5. Nowotny-Czupryna O et al: Postural habits of young adults and possibilities of modification. Ortop Traumatol Rehabil. 15(1):9-21, 2013
                                            6. Saito W et al: Severe cervical kyphotic deformity caused by postural disorders in a child with schizophrenia. Spine J. 13(8):e37-43, 2013
                                            7. van Loon PJ et al: A new brace treatment similar for adolescent scoliosis and kyphosis based on restoration of thoracolumbar lordosis. Radiological and subjective clinical results after at least one year of treatment. Scoliosis. 7(1):19, 2012
                                            8. Mac-Thiong JM et al: Pediatric sagittal alignment. Eur Spine J. 20 Suppl 5:586-90, 2011
                                            9. Zaina F et al: Review of rehabilitation and orthopedic conservative approach to sagittal plane diseases during growth: hyperkyphosis, junctional kyphosis, and Scheuermann disease. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 45(4):595-603, 2009
                                            10. Elder DA et al: Kyphosis in a Turner syndrome population. Pediatrics. 109(6):e93, 2002
                                            11. Tala VT et al: Postural kyphosis and Scheuermann's disease. Semin in Spine Surg. 4:216-24, 1992
                                            12. Gutowski WT et al: Orthotic results in adolescent kyphosis. Spine. 13(5):485-9, 1988
                                            13. Propst-Proctor SL et al: Radiographic determination of lordosis and kyphosis in normal and scoliotic children. J Pediatr Orthop. 3(3):344-6, 1983
                                            14. Luque ER: The correction of postural curves of the spine. Spine. 7(3):270-5, 1982
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Pathology

                                                    • Clinical Issues

                                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Synonyms

                                                          • Postural kyphosis, round back deformity
                                                        • Definitions

                                                          • Thoracic kyphosis without underlying structural abnormality

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Radiographic Findings

                                                            • CT Findings

                                                              • MR Findings

                                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                                    • General Features

                                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                        • Microscopic Features

                                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                          • Presentation

                                                                            • Demographics

                                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                • Treatment

                                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                  • Consider

                                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Czaprowski D et al: Non-structural misalignments of body posture in the sagittal plane. Scoliosis Spinal Disord. 13:6, 2018
                                                                                      2. Dupuis S et al: Global postural re-education in pediatric idiopathic scoliosis: a biomechanical modeling and analysis of curve reduction during active and assisted self-correction. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 19(1):200, 2018
                                                                                      3. Bueno Rde C et al: Postural deviations of students in Southern Brazil. Rev Paul Pediatr. 31(2):237-42, 2013
                                                                                      4. Miladi L: Round and angular kyphosis in paediatric patients. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 99(1 Suppl):S140-9, 2013
                                                                                      5. Nowotny-Czupryna O et al: Postural habits of young adults and possibilities of modification. Ortop Traumatol Rehabil. 15(1):9-21, 2013
                                                                                      6. Saito W et al: Severe cervical kyphotic deformity caused by postural disorders in a child with schizophrenia. Spine J. 13(8):e37-43, 2013
                                                                                      7. van Loon PJ et al: A new brace treatment similar for adolescent scoliosis and kyphosis based on restoration of thoracolumbar lordosis. Radiological and subjective clinical results after at least one year of treatment. Scoliosis. 7(1):19, 2012
                                                                                      8. Mac-Thiong JM et al: Pediatric sagittal alignment. Eur Spine J. 20 Suppl 5:586-90, 2011
                                                                                      9. Zaina F et al: Review of rehabilitation and orthopedic conservative approach to sagittal plane diseases during growth: hyperkyphosis, junctional kyphosis, and Scheuermann disease. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 45(4):595-603, 2009
                                                                                      10. Elder DA et al: Kyphosis in a Turner syndrome population. Pediatrics. 109(6):e93, 2002
                                                                                      11. Tala VT et al: Postural kyphosis and Scheuermann's disease. Semin in Spine Surg. 4:216-24, 1992
                                                                                      12. Gutowski WT et al: Orthotic results in adolescent kyphosis. Spine. 13(5):485-9, 1988
                                                                                      13. Propst-Proctor SL et al: Radiographic determination of lordosis and kyphosis in normal and scoliotic children. J Pediatr Orthop. 3(3):344-6, 1983
                                                                                      14. Luque ER: The correction of postural curves of the spine. Spine. 7(3):270-5, 1982