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Intradural Extramedullary, Leptomeningeal Enhancement
Jeffrey S. Ross, MD; Kevin R. Moore, MD
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DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

    • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

      • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

        • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

          • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

            • Other Essential Information

              Selected References

              1. Malek E et al: Guillain-Barre syndrome. Semin Neurol. 39(5):589-95, 2019
              2. Crete RN et al: Spinal Coccidioidomycosis: MR imaging findings in 41 patients. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 39(11):2148-53, 2018
              3. Wang N et al: Leptomeningeal metastasis from systemic cancer: review and update on management. Cancer. 124(1):21-35, 2018
              4. Goodfellow JA et al: Guillain-Barré syndrome: a century of progress. Nat Rev Neurol. 12(12):723-31, 2016
              5. Knafo S et al: Intradural extramedullary spinal metastases of non-neurogenic origin: a distinct clinical entity or a subtype of leptomeningeal metastasis? A case-control study. Neurosurgery. 73(6):923-31; discussion 932, 2013
              6. Scott BJ et al: Leptomeningeal metastases in breast cancer. Am J Cancer Res. 3(2):117-26, 2013
              7. Groves MD: Leptomeningeal disease. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 22(1):67-78, vii, 2011
              8. Clarke JL et al: Leptomeningeal metastases in the MRI era. Neurology. 74(18):1449-54, 2010
              9. Smirniotopoulos JG et al. Patterns of contrast enhancement in the brain and meninges. Radiographics. Mar-Apr; 27(2):525-51, 2007
              Related Anatomy
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              Related Differential Diagnoses
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              References
              Tables

              Tables

              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

                • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

                  • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

                    • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

                      • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

                        • Other Essential Information

                          Selected References

                          1. Malek E et al: Guillain-Barre syndrome. Semin Neurol. 39(5):589-95, 2019
                          2. Crete RN et al: Spinal Coccidioidomycosis: MR imaging findings in 41 patients. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 39(11):2148-53, 2018
                          3. Wang N et al: Leptomeningeal metastasis from systemic cancer: review and update on management. Cancer. 124(1):21-35, 2018
                          4. Goodfellow JA et al: Guillain-Barré syndrome: a century of progress. Nat Rev Neurol. 12(12):723-31, 2016
                          5. Knafo S et al: Intradural extramedullary spinal metastases of non-neurogenic origin: a distinct clinical entity or a subtype of leptomeningeal metastasis? A case-control study. Neurosurgery. 73(6):923-31; discussion 932, 2013
                          6. Scott BJ et al: Leptomeningeal metastases in breast cancer. Am J Cancer Res. 3(2):117-26, 2013
                          7. Groves MD: Leptomeningeal disease. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 22(1):67-78, vii, 2011
                          8. Clarke JL et al: Leptomeningeal metastases in the MRI era. Neurology. 74(18):1449-54, 2010
                          9. Smirniotopoulos JG et al. Patterns of contrast enhancement in the brain and meninges. Radiographics. Mar-Apr; 27(2):525-51, 2007