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Intramedullary Mass
Jeffrey S. Ross, MD; Bryson Borg, MD
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DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

    • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

      • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

        • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

          • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

            • Other Essential Information

              Selected References

              1. Hussain I et al: Surgical management of intramedullary spinal cord tumors. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 31(2):237-49, 2020
              2. Freund P et al: MRI in traumatic spinal cord injury: from clinical assessment to neuroimaging biomarkers. Lancet Neurol. 18(12):1123-35, 2019
              3. Prasad S et al: What you need to know about AQP4, MOG, and NMOSD. Semin Neurol. 39(6):718-31, 2019
              4. Barnett Y et al: Conventional and advanced imaging in neuromyelitis optica. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 35(8):1458-66, 2014
              5. Mechtler LL et al: Spinal cord tumors: new views and future directions. Neurol Clin. 31(1):241-68, 2013
              6. Sato DK et al: Aquaporin-4 antibody-positive cases beyond current diagnostic criteria for NMO spectrum disorders. Neurology. 80(24):2210-6, 2013
              7. West TW et al: Acute transverse myelitis: demyelinating, inflammatory, and infectious myelopathies. Semin Neurol. 32(2):97-113, 2012
              8. Boström A et al: Surgery for spinal cord ependymomas: outcome and prognostic factors. Neurosurgery. 68(2):302-8; discussion 309, 2011
              9. Rodallec MH et al: Diagnostic imaging of solitary tumors of the spine: what to do and say. Radiographics. 28(4):1019-41, 2008
              Related Anatomy
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              Related Differential Diagnoses
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              References
              Tables

              Tables

              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

                • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

                  • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

                    • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

                      • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

                        • Other Essential Information

                          Selected References

                          1. Hussain I et al: Surgical management of intramedullary spinal cord tumors. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 31(2):237-49, 2020
                          2. Freund P et al: MRI in traumatic spinal cord injury: from clinical assessment to neuroimaging biomarkers. Lancet Neurol. 18(12):1123-35, 2019
                          3. Prasad S et al: What you need to know about AQP4, MOG, and NMOSD. Semin Neurol. 39(6):718-31, 2019
                          4. Barnett Y et al: Conventional and advanced imaging in neuromyelitis optica. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 35(8):1458-66, 2014
                          5. Mechtler LL et al: Spinal cord tumors: new views and future directions. Neurol Clin. 31(1):241-68, 2013
                          6. Sato DK et al: Aquaporin-4 antibody-positive cases beyond current diagnostic criteria for NMO spectrum disorders. Neurology. 80(24):2210-6, 2013
                          7. West TW et al: Acute transverse myelitis: demyelinating, inflammatory, and infectious myelopathies. Semin Neurol. 32(2):97-113, 2012
                          8. Boström A et al: Surgery for spinal cord ependymomas: outcome and prognostic factors. Neurosurgery. 68(2):302-8; discussion 309, 2011
                          9. Rodallec MH et al: Diagnostic imaging of solitary tumors of the spine: what to do and say. Radiographics. 28(4):1019-41, 2008