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Intramural Benign Esophageal Tumors
Atif Zaheer, MD; Michael P. Federle, MD, FACR
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Clinical Issues

        • Diagnostic Checklist

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Benign mass composed of 1 or more tissue elements of esophageal wall

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Mathew G et al: Esophageal leiomyoma. StatPearls, 2021
                                          2. Morales-Maza J et al: Clinical characteristics and surgical treatment of schwannomas of the esophagus and stomach: a case series and systematic review. World J Gastrointest Oncol. 11(9):750-60, 2019
                                          3. Shin S et al: Enucleation of esophageal submucosal tumors: a single institution's experience. Ann Thorac Surg. 97(2):454-9, 2014
                                          4. Jiang G et al: Thoracoscopic enucleation of esophageal leiomyoma: a retrospective study on 40 cases. Dis Esophagus. 22(3):279-83, 2009
                                          5. Nguyen NT et al: Minimally invasive surgical enucleation or esophagogastrectomy for benign tumor of the esophagus. Surg Innov. 15(2):120-5, 2008
                                          6. Levine MS: Benign tumors of the esophagus: radiologic evaluation. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 15(1):9-19, 2003
                                          7. Rice TW: Benign esophageal tumors: esophagoscopy and endoscopic esophageal ultrasound. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 15(1):20-6, 2003
                                          8. Noh HM et al: CT of the esophagus: spectrum of disease with emphasis on esophageal carcinoma. Radiographics. 15(5):1113-34, 1995
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                              • Clinical Issues

                                                • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Benign mass composed of 1 or more tissue elements of esophageal wall

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Radiographic Findings

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                    • Microscopic Features

                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Mathew G et al: Esophageal leiomyoma. StatPearls, 2021
                                                                                  2. Morales-Maza J et al: Clinical characteristics and surgical treatment of schwannomas of the esophagus and stomach: a case series and systematic review. World J Gastrointest Oncol. 11(9):750-60, 2019
                                                                                  3. Shin S et al: Enucleation of esophageal submucosal tumors: a single institution's experience. Ann Thorac Surg. 97(2):454-9, 2014
                                                                                  4. Jiang G et al: Thoracoscopic enucleation of esophageal leiomyoma: a retrospective study on 40 cases. Dis Esophagus. 22(3):279-83, 2009
                                                                                  5. Nguyen NT et al: Minimally invasive surgical enucleation or esophagogastrectomy for benign tumor of the esophagus. Surg Innov. 15(2):120-5, 2008
                                                                                  6. Levine MS: Benign tumors of the esophagus: radiologic evaluation. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 15(1):9-19, 2003
                                                                                  7. Rice TW: Benign esophageal tumors: esophagoscopy and endoscopic esophageal ultrasound. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 15(1):20-6, 2003
                                                                                  8. Noh HM et al: CT of the esophagus: spectrum of disease with emphasis on esophageal carcinoma. Radiographics. 15(5):1113-34, 1995