link
Bookmarks
Intravenous Leiomyomatosis
Douglas Rogers, MD
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology, please log in or subscribe.Subscribe
0
1
0
0

KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL)
            • Definitions

              • Rare form of uterine leiomyoma that extends directly into adjacent pelvic veins and may involve inferior vena cava (IVC), right heart, and pulmonary arteries

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • Echocardiographic Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Marrone G et al: Multidisciplinary approach in the management of uterine intravenous leiomyomatosis with intracardiac extension: case report and review of literature. J Radiol Case Rep. 13(7):1-13, 2019
                                          2. Wang H et al: Contrast-enhanced CT findings of intravenous leiomyomatosis. Clin Radiol. 73(5):503.e1-6, 2018
                                          3. Fang H et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis of the subclavian vein. J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord. 5(2):254-6, 2017
                                          4. Low HY et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis of the uterus: a clinicopathological analysis of nine cases and literature review. Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 56(3):362-5, 2017
                                          5. Kudaka W et al: Low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma with intravenous and intracardiac extension: a multidisciplinary approach. Case Rep Obstet Gynecol. 2016:3467849, 2016
                                          6. Sogabe M et al: Uterine intravenous leiomyomatosis with right ventricular extension. Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 20 Suppl:933-6, 2014
                                          7. Osawa H et al: A case of intravenous leiomyomatosis of uterine origin, extending through the inferior vena cava to right atrium. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 61(2):104-7, 2013
                                          8. Ribeiro V et al: Intracardiac leiomyomatosis complicated by pulmonary embolism: a multimodality imaging case of a rare entity. Can J Cardiol. 29(12):1743, 2013
                                          9. Wei H et al: Benign pelvic metastatic leiomyoma: case report. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 40(1):165-7, 2013
                                          10. Xu ZF et al: Uterine intravenous leiomyomatosis with cardiac extension: imaging characteristics and literature review. World J Clin Oncol. 4(1):25-8, 2013
                                          11. Kang LQ et al: Diagnosis of intravenous leiomyomatosis extending to heart with emphasis on magnetic resonance imaging. Chin Med J (Engl). 125(1):33-7, 2012
                                          12. Low G et al: Case 188: Intravenous leiomyomatosis with intracaval and intracardiac involvement. Radiology. 265(3):971-5, 2012
                                          13. Peng HJ et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis: CT findings. Abdom Imaging. 37(4):628-31, 2012
                                          14. Barksdale J et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis presenting as acute Budd-Chiari syndrome. J Vasc Surg. 54(3):860-3, 2011
                                          15. Du J et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis of the uterus: a clinicopathologic study of 18 cases, with emphasis on early diagnosis and appropriate treatment strategies. Hum Pathol. 42(9):1240-6, 2011
                                          16. Elbaqqali L et al: [Intravascular leiomyomatosis of the uterus.] Tunis Med. 89(12):941-3, 2011
                                          17. Guo X et al: Echocardiographic characteristics of intravenous leiomyomatosis with intracardiac extension: a single-institution experience. Echocardiography. 28(9):934-40, 2011
                                          18. Galajda Z et al: The diagnosis, morphological particularities, and surgical technique in a case of intravascular leiomyoma extended to the right heart chambers. J Vasc Surg. 51(4):1000-2, 2010
                                          19. Sun C et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis: diagnosis and follow-up with multislice computed tomography. Am J Surg. 200(3):e41-3, 2010
                                          20. Cano Alonso R et al: Role of multidetector CT in the management of acute female pelvic disease. Emerg Radiol. 16(6):453-72, 2009
                                          21. Dalainas I: Vascular smooth muscle tumors: review of the literature. Int J Surg. 6(2):157-63, 2008
                                          22. Arif S et al: Intravascular leiomyomatosis and benign metastasizing leiomyoma: an unusual case. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 16(3):1448-50, 2006
                                          23. Wong YY et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis: computed tomography diagnosis. Hong Kong Med J. 12(3):239-40, 2006
                                          24. Moorjani N et al: Intravenous uterine leiomyosarcomatosis with intracardial extension. J Card Surg. 20(4):382-5, 2005
                                          25. Lam PM et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis: two cases with different routes of tumor extension. J Vasc Surg. 39(2):465-9, 2004
                                          26. Diakomanolis E et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 267(4):256-7, 2003
                                          27. Bodner K et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis of the uterus. Anticancer Res. 22(3):1881-3, 2002
                                          Related Anatomy
                                          Loading...
                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
                                          Loading...
                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Abbreviations

                                                      • Intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL)
                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Rare form of uterine leiomyoma that extends directly into adjacent pelvic veins and may involve inferior vena cava (IVC), right heart, and pulmonary arteries

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                            • Echocardiographic Findings

                                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • General Features

                                                                    • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                      • Microscopic Features

                                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                        • Presentation

                                                                          • Demographics

                                                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                              • Treatment

                                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                • Consider

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Marrone G et al: Multidisciplinary approach in the management of uterine intravenous leiomyomatosis with intracardiac extension: case report and review of literature. J Radiol Case Rep. 13(7):1-13, 2019
                                                                                  2. Wang H et al: Contrast-enhanced CT findings of intravenous leiomyomatosis. Clin Radiol. 73(5):503.e1-6, 2018
                                                                                  3. Fang H et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis of the subclavian vein. J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord. 5(2):254-6, 2017
                                                                                  4. Low HY et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis of the uterus: a clinicopathological analysis of nine cases and literature review. Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 56(3):362-5, 2017
                                                                                  5. Kudaka W et al: Low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma with intravenous and intracardiac extension: a multidisciplinary approach. Case Rep Obstet Gynecol. 2016:3467849, 2016
                                                                                  6. Sogabe M et al: Uterine intravenous leiomyomatosis with right ventricular extension. Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 20 Suppl:933-6, 2014
                                                                                  7. Osawa H et al: A case of intravenous leiomyomatosis of uterine origin, extending through the inferior vena cava to right atrium. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 61(2):104-7, 2013
                                                                                  8. Ribeiro V et al: Intracardiac leiomyomatosis complicated by pulmonary embolism: a multimodality imaging case of a rare entity. Can J Cardiol. 29(12):1743, 2013
                                                                                  9. Wei H et al: Benign pelvic metastatic leiomyoma: case report. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 40(1):165-7, 2013
                                                                                  10. Xu ZF et al: Uterine intravenous leiomyomatosis with cardiac extension: imaging characteristics and literature review. World J Clin Oncol. 4(1):25-8, 2013
                                                                                  11. Kang LQ et al: Diagnosis of intravenous leiomyomatosis extending to heart with emphasis on magnetic resonance imaging. Chin Med J (Engl). 125(1):33-7, 2012
                                                                                  12. Low G et al: Case 188: Intravenous leiomyomatosis with intracaval and intracardiac involvement. Radiology. 265(3):971-5, 2012
                                                                                  13. Peng HJ et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis: CT findings. Abdom Imaging. 37(4):628-31, 2012
                                                                                  14. Barksdale J et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis presenting as acute Budd-Chiari syndrome. J Vasc Surg. 54(3):860-3, 2011
                                                                                  15. Du J et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis of the uterus: a clinicopathologic study of 18 cases, with emphasis on early diagnosis and appropriate treatment strategies. Hum Pathol. 42(9):1240-6, 2011
                                                                                  16. Elbaqqali L et al: [Intravascular leiomyomatosis of the uterus.] Tunis Med. 89(12):941-3, 2011
                                                                                  17. Guo X et al: Echocardiographic characteristics of intravenous leiomyomatosis with intracardiac extension: a single-institution experience. Echocardiography. 28(9):934-40, 2011
                                                                                  18. Galajda Z et al: The diagnosis, morphological particularities, and surgical technique in a case of intravascular leiomyoma extended to the right heart chambers. J Vasc Surg. 51(4):1000-2, 2010
                                                                                  19. Sun C et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis: diagnosis and follow-up with multislice computed tomography. Am J Surg. 200(3):e41-3, 2010
                                                                                  20. Cano Alonso R et al: Role of multidetector CT in the management of acute female pelvic disease. Emerg Radiol. 16(6):453-72, 2009
                                                                                  21. Dalainas I: Vascular smooth muscle tumors: review of the literature. Int J Surg. 6(2):157-63, 2008
                                                                                  22. Arif S et al: Intravascular leiomyomatosis and benign metastasizing leiomyoma: an unusual case. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 16(3):1448-50, 2006
                                                                                  23. Wong YY et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis: computed tomography diagnosis. Hong Kong Med J. 12(3):239-40, 2006
                                                                                  24. Moorjani N et al: Intravenous uterine leiomyosarcomatosis with intracardial extension. J Card Surg. 20(4):382-5, 2005
                                                                                  25. Lam PM et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis: two cases with different routes of tumor extension. J Vasc Surg. 39(2):465-9, 2004
                                                                                  26. Diakomanolis E et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 267(4):256-7, 2003
                                                                                  27. Bodner K et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis of the uterus. Anticancer Res. 22(3):1881-3, 2002