link
Bookmarks
Intravenous Leiomyomatosis
Christine O. Menias, MD; Ilse Castro-Aragon, MD
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology, please log in or subscribe.Log inSubscribe
0
1
0
2

KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL)
            • Definitions

              • Rare form of benign uterine myomas that directly invade into adjacent pelvic veins and may extend to inferior vena cava (IVC) and right atrium

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • Echocardiographic Findings

                      • Angiographic Findings

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                • Microscopic Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Treatment

                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                          • Consider

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Sogabe M et al: Uterine intravenous leiomyomatosis with right ventricular extension. Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. Epub ahead of print, 2014
                                            2. Osawa H et al: A case of intravenous leiomyomatosis of uterine origin, extending through the inferior vena cava to right atrium. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 61(2):104-7, 2013
                                            3. Ribeiro V et al: Intracardiac leiomyomatosis complicated by pulmonary embolism: a multimodality imaging case of a rare entity. Can J Cardiol. 29(12):1743, 2013
                                            4. Wei H et al: Benign pelvic metastatic leiomyoma: case report. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 40(1):165-7, 2013
                                            5. Xu ZF et al: Uterine intravenous leiomyomatosis with cardiac extension: Imaging characteristics and literature review. World J Clin Oncol. 4(1):25-8, 2013
                                            6. Kang LQ et al: Diagnosis of intravenous leiomyomatosis extending to heart with emphasis on magnetic resonance imaging. Chin Med J (Engl). 125(1):33-7, 2012
                                            7. Low G et al: Case 188: Intravenous leiomyomatosis with intracaval and intracardiac involvement. Radiology. 265(3):971-5, 2012
                                            8. Peng HJ et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis: CT findings. Abdom Imaging. 37(4):628-31, 2012
                                            9. Barksdale J et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis presenting as acute Budd-Chiari syndrome. J Vasc Surg. 54(3):860-3, 2011
                                            10. Du J et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis of the uterus: a clinicopathologic study of 18 cases, with emphasis on early diagnosis and appropriate treatment strategies. Hum Pathol. 42(9):1240-6, 2011
                                            11. Elbaqqali L et al: [Intravascular leiomyomatosis of the uterus.] Tunis Med. 89(12):941-3, 2011
                                            12. Guo X et al: Echocardiographic characteristics of intravenous leiomyomatosis with intracardiac extension: a single-institution experience. Echocardiography. 28(9):934-40, 2011
                                            13. Galajda Z et al: The diagnosis, morphological particularities, and surgical technique in a case of intravascular leiomyoma extended to the right heart chambers. J Vasc Surg. 51(4):1000-2, 2010
                                            14. Sun C et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis: diagnosis and follow-up with multislice computed tomography. Am J Surg. 200(3):e41-3, 2010
                                            15. Cano Alonso R et al: Role of multidetector CT in the management of acute female pelvic disease. Emerg Radiol. 16(6):453-72, 2009
                                            16. Dalainas I: Vascular smooth muscle tumors: review of the literature. Int J Surg. 6(2):157-63, 2008
                                            17. Arif S et al: Intravascular leiomyomatosis and benign metastasizing leiomyoma: an unusual case. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 16(3):1448-50, 2006
                                            18. Wong YY et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis: computed tomography diagnosis. Hong Kong Med J. 12(3):239-40, 2006
                                            19. Moorjani N et al: Intravenous uterine leiomyosarcomatosis with intracardial extension. J Card Surg. 20(4):382-5, 2005
                                            20. Lam PM et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis: two cases with different routes of tumor extension. J Vasc Surg. 39(2):465-9, 2004
                                            21. Diakomanolis E et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 267(4):256-7, 2003
                                            22. Bodner K et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis of the uterus. Anticancer Res. 22(3):1881-3, 2002
                                            Related Anatomy
                                            Loading...
                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
                                            Loading...
                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Pathology

                                                    • Clinical Issues

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Abbreviations

                                                        • Intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL)
                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • Rare form of benign uterine myomas that directly invade into adjacent pelvic veins and may extend to inferior vena cava (IVC) and right atrium

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                              • Echocardiographic Findings

                                                                • Angiographic Findings

                                                                  • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                      PATHOLOGY

                                                                      • General Features

                                                                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                          • Microscopic Features

                                                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                            • Presentation

                                                                              • Demographics

                                                                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                  • Treatment

                                                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                    • Consider

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Sogabe M et al: Uterine intravenous leiomyomatosis with right ventricular extension. Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. Epub ahead of print, 2014
                                                                                      2. Osawa H et al: A case of intravenous leiomyomatosis of uterine origin, extending through the inferior vena cava to right atrium. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 61(2):104-7, 2013
                                                                                      3. Ribeiro V et al: Intracardiac leiomyomatosis complicated by pulmonary embolism: a multimodality imaging case of a rare entity. Can J Cardiol. 29(12):1743, 2013
                                                                                      4. Wei H et al: Benign pelvic metastatic leiomyoma: case report. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 40(1):165-7, 2013
                                                                                      5. Xu ZF et al: Uterine intravenous leiomyomatosis with cardiac extension: Imaging characteristics and literature review. World J Clin Oncol. 4(1):25-8, 2013
                                                                                      6. Kang LQ et al: Diagnosis of intravenous leiomyomatosis extending to heart with emphasis on magnetic resonance imaging. Chin Med J (Engl). 125(1):33-7, 2012
                                                                                      7. Low G et al: Case 188: Intravenous leiomyomatosis with intracaval and intracardiac involvement. Radiology. 265(3):971-5, 2012
                                                                                      8. Peng HJ et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis: CT findings. Abdom Imaging. 37(4):628-31, 2012
                                                                                      9. Barksdale J et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis presenting as acute Budd-Chiari syndrome. J Vasc Surg. 54(3):860-3, 2011
                                                                                      10. Du J et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis of the uterus: a clinicopathologic study of 18 cases, with emphasis on early diagnosis and appropriate treatment strategies. Hum Pathol. 42(9):1240-6, 2011
                                                                                      11. Elbaqqali L et al: [Intravascular leiomyomatosis of the uterus.] Tunis Med. 89(12):941-3, 2011
                                                                                      12. Guo X et al: Echocardiographic characteristics of intravenous leiomyomatosis with intracardiac extension: a single-institution experience. Echocardiography. 28(9):934-40, 2011
                                                                                      13. Galajda Z et al: The diagnosis, morphological particularities, and surgical technique in a case of intravascular leiomyoma extended to the right heart chambers. J Vasc Surg. 51(4):1000-2, 2010
                                                                                      14. Sun C et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis: diagnosis and follow-up with multislice computed tomography. Am J Surg. 200(3):e41-3, 2010
                                                                                      15. Cano Alonso R et al: Role of multidetector CT in the management of acute female pelvic disease. Emerg Radiol. 16(6):453-72, 2009
                                                                                      16. Dalainas I: Vascular smooth muscle tumors: review of the literature. Int J Surg. 6(2):157-63, 2008
                                                                                      17. Arif S et al: Intravascular leiomyomatosis and benign metastasizing leiomyoma: an unusual case. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 16(3):1448-50, 2006
                                                                                      18. Wong YY et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis: computed tomography diagnosis. Hong Kong Med J. 12(3):239-40, 2006
                                                                                      19. Moorjani N et al: Intravenous uterine leiomyosarcomatosis with intracardial extension. J Card Surg. 20(4):382-5, 2005
                                                                                      20. Lam PM et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis: two cases with different routes of tumor extension. J Vasc Surg. 39(2):465-9, 2004
                                                                                      21. Diakomanolis E et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 267(4):256-7, 2003
                                                                                      22. Bodner K et al: Intravenous leiomyomatosis of the uterus. Anticancer Res. 22(3):1881-3, 2002