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Introduction to Müllerian Duct Anomalies
Akram M. Shaaban, MBBCh
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Abbreviations

          • Müllerian duct anomalies (MDAs)
        • Definitions

          • Congenital uterine anomalies result from abnormal formation, fusion, or resorption of müllerian (paramesonephric) ducts during fetal life

        IMAGING

        • Imaging Techniques

          • HSG

            • Ultrasound

              • MR

                • CT

                  PATHOLOGY

                  • General Features

                    • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                      • Embryology

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Demographics

                            • Treatment

                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                Selected References

                                1. Ludwin A et al: Two- and three-dimensional ultrasonography and sonohysterography versus hysteroscopy with laparoscopy in the differential diagnosis of septate, bicornuate, and arcuate uteri. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 20(1):90-9, 2013
                                2. Allen JW et al: Incidence of ovarian maldescent in women with mullerian duct anomalies: evaluation by MRI. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 198(4):W381-5, 2012
                                3. Behr SC et al: Imaging of müllerian duct anomalies. Radiographics. 32(6):E233-50, 2012
                                4. Faivre E et al: Accuracy of three-dimensional ultrasonography in differential diagnosis of septate and bicornuate uterus compared with office hysteroscopy and pelvic magnetic resonance imaging. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 19(1):101-6, 2012
                                5. Chan YY et al: The prevalence of congenital uterine anomalies in unselected and high-risk populations: a systematic review. Hum Reprod Update. 17(6):761-71, 2011
                                6. Troiano RN et al: Mullerian duct anomalies: imaging and clinical issues. Radiology. 233(1):19-34, 2004
                                7. The American Fertility Society classifications of adnexal adhesions, distal tubal occlusion, tubal occlusion secondary to tubal ligation, tubal pregnancies, müllerian anomalies and intrauterine adhesions. Fertil Steril. 49(6):944-55, 1988
                                8. Buttram VC Jr et al: Müllerian anomalies: a proposed classification. (An analysis of 144 cases). Fertil Steril. 32(1):40-6, 1979
                                Related Anatomy
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                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                References
                                Tables

                                Tables

                                KEY FACTS

                                • Terminology

                                  • Imaging

                                    • Pathology

                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                      • Abbreviations

                                        • Müllerian duct anomalies (MDAs)
                                      • Definitions

                                        • Congenital uterine anomalies result from abnormal formation, fusion, or resorption of müllerian (paramesonephric) ducts during fetal life

                                      IMAGING

                                      • Imaging Techniques

                                        • HSG

                                          • Ultrasound

                                            • MR

                                              • CT

                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                • General Features

                                                  • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                    • Embryology

                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                      • Presentation

                                                        • Demographics

                                                          • Treatment

                                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                              Selected References

                                                              1. Ludwin A et al: Two- and three-dimensional ultrasonography and sonohysterography versus hysteroscopy with laparoscopy in the differential diagnosis of septate, bicornuate, and arcuate uteri. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 20(1):90-9, 2013
                                                              2. Allen JW et al: Incidence of ovarian maldescent in women with mullerian duct anomalies: evaluation by MRI. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 198(4):W381-5, 2012
                                                              3. Behr SC et al: Imaging of müllerian duct anomalies. Radiographics. 32(6):E233-50, 2012
                                                              4. Faivre E et al: Accuracy of three-dimensional ultrasonography in differential diagnosis of septate and bicornuate uterus compared with office hysteroscopy and pelvic magnetic resonance imaging. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 19(1):101-6, 2012
                                                              5. Chan YY et al: The prevalence of congenital uterine anomalies in unselected and high-risk populations: a systematic review. Hum Reprod Update. 17(6):761-71, 2011
                                                              6. Troiano RN et al: Mullerian duct anomalies: imaging and clinical issues. Radiology. 233(1):19-34, 2004
                                                              7. The American Fertility Society classifications of adnexal adhesions, distal tubal occlusion, tubal occlusion secondary to tubal ligation, tubal pregnancies, müllerian anomalies and intrauterine adhesions. Fertil Steril. 49(6):944-55, 1988
                                                              8. Buttram VC Jr et al: Müllerian anomalies: a proposed classification. (An analysis of 144 cases). Fertil Steril. 32(1):40-6, 1979