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Invasive Thyroid Mass
Bronwyn E. Hamilton, MD; Christine M. Glastonbury, MBBS
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DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

    • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

      • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

        • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

          • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

            Selected References

            1. Ahmed S et al: Imaging of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. ePub, 2017
            2. Gu LS et al: Comparison of sonographic characteristics of primary thyroid lymphoma and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. J Thorac Dis. 9(11):4774-4784, 2017
            3. Mangussi-Gomes J et al: Thyroid gland invasion in advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx and hypopharynx. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 83(3):269-275, 2017
            4. Riley CA et al: Association of Gastroesophageal Reflux With Malignancy of the Upper Aerodigestive Tract in Elderly Patients. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. ePub, 2017
            5. Sivars L et al: Human papillomavirus is a favourable prognostic factor in cancer of unknown primary in the head and neck region and in hypopharyngeal cancer. Mol Clin Oncol. 5(6):671-674, 2016
            6. Ryu IS et al: Clinical implication of computed tomography findings in patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx and hypopharynx. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 272(10):2939-45, 2015
            7. Allegra E et al: Early glottic cancer: role of MRI in the preoperative staging. Biomed Res Int. 2014:890385, 2014
            8. Hong SJ et al: New TNM Staging System for Esophageal Cancer: What Chest Radiologists Need to Know. Radiographics. 34(6):1722-40, 2014
            9. Kumar R et al: Thyroid gland invasion in total laryngectomy and total laryngopharyngectomy: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the English literature. Clin Otolaryngol. 38(5):372-8, 2013
            10. Schmalfuss IM: Imaging of the hypopharynx and cervical esophagus. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 10(3):495-509, vi, 2002
            11. Park SW et al: Neck infection associated with pyriform sinus fistula: imaging findings. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 21(5):817-22, 2000
            Related Anatomy
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            Related Differential Diagnoses
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            References
            Tables

            Tables

            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

              ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

              • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

                • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

                  • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

                    • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

                      Selected References

                      1. Ahmed S et al: Imaging of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. ePub, 2017
                      2. Gu LS et al: Comparison of sonographic characteristics of primary thyroid lymphoma and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. J Thorac Dis. 9(11):4774-4784, 2017
                      3. Mangussi-Gomes J et al: Thyroid gland invasion in advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx and hypopharynx. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 83(3):269-275, 2017
                      4. Riley CA et al: Association of Gastroesophageal Reflux With Malignancy of the Upper Aerodigestive Tract in Elderly Patients. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. ePub, 2017
                      5. Sivars L et al: Human papillomavirus is a favourable prognostic factor in cancer of unknown primary in the head and neck region and in hypopharyngeal cancer. Mol Clin Oncol. 5(6):671-674, 2016
                      6. Ryu IS et al: Clinical implication of computed tomography findings in patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx and hypopharynx. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 272(10):2939-45, 2015
                      7. Allegra E et al: Early glottic cancer: role of MRI in the preoperative staging. Biomed Res Int. 2014:890385, 2014
                      8. Hong SJ et al: New TNM Staging System for Esophageal Cancer: What Chest Radiologists Need to Know. Radiographics. 34(6):1722-40, 2014
                      9. Kumar R et al: Thyroid gland invasion in total laryngectomy and total laryngopharyngectomy: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the English literature. Clin Otolaryngol. 38(5):372-8, 2013
                      10. Schmalfuss IM: Imaging of the hypopharynx and cervical esophagus. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 10(3):495-509, vi, 2002
                      11. Park SW et al: Neck infection associated with pyriform sinus fistula: imaging findings. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 21(5):817-22, 2000