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Iso-/Hyperechoic Thyroid Nodule
Evelyn W. K. Tang, MBBS, FRCR; Yolanda Y. P. Lee, MBChB, FRCR; Eric K. C. Law, MBChB, FRCR
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DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

    • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

      • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

        • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

          Selected References

          1. Ha EJ et al: Diagnostic performance of ultrasound-based risk stratification systems for thyroid nodules: comparison of the 2015 ATA guidelines with the 2016 KTA/KSThR and 2017 ACR guidelines. Thyroid. 28(11):1532-37, 2018
          2. Lee JH et al: Risk stratification of thyroid nodules with atypia of undetermined significance/follicular lesion of undetermined significance (AUS/FLUS) cytology using ultrasonography patterns defined by the 2015 ATA guidelines. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 126(9):625-633, 2017
          3. Haugen BR et al: 2015 American Thyroid Association management guidelines for adult patients with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer. Thyroid. 26(1):1-133, 2016
          4. Sofferman RA et al: Ultrasound of the thyroid and parathyroid glands. New York: Springer. 61-150, 2012
          5. Bonavita JA et al: Pattern recognition of benign nodules at ultrasound of the thyroid: which nodules can be left alone? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 193(1):207-13, 2009
          6. Moon WJ et al: Are there any specific ultrasound findings of nodular hyperplasia ("leave me alone" lesion) to differentiate it from follicular adenoma? Acta Radiol. 50(4):383-8, 2009
          7. Moon WJ et al: Benign and malignant thyroid nodules: US differentiation--multicenter retrospective study. Radiology. 247(3):762-70, 2008
          8. Ahuja AT et al: Diagnostic Imaging: Ultrasound. 1st ed. Salt Lake City: Amirsys. 11-28-31, 2007
          9. Marqusee E et al: Usefulness of ultrasonography in the management of nodular thyroid disease. Ann Intern Med. 133(9):696-700, 2000
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          Tables

          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

            ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

            • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

              • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

                • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

                  Selected References

                  1. Ha EJ et al: Diagnostic performance of ultrasound-based risk stratification systems for thyroid nodules: comparison of the 2015 ATA guidelines with the 2016 KTA/KSThR and 2017 ACR guidelines. Thyroid. 28(11):1532-37, 2018
                  2. Lee JH et al: Risk stratification of thyroid nodules with atypia of undetermined significance/follicular lesion of undetermined significance (AUS/FLUS) cytology using ultrasonography patterns defined by the 2015 ATA guidelines. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 126(9):625-633, 2017
                  3. Haugen BR et al: 2015 American Thyroid Association management guidelines for adult patients with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer. Thyroid. 26(1):1-133, 2016
                  4. Sofferman RA et al: Ultrasound of the thyroid and parathyroid glands. New York: Springer. 61-150, 2012
                  5. Bonavita JA et al: Pattern recognition of benign nodules at ultrasound of the thyroid: which nodules can be left alone? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 193(1):207-13, 2009
                  6. Moon WJ et al: Are there any specific ultrasound findings of nodular hyperplasia ("leave me alone" lesion) to differentiate it from follicular adenoma? Acta Radiol. 50(4):383-8, 2009
                  7. Moon WJ et al: Benign and malignant thyroid nodules: US differentiation--multicenter retrospective study. Radiology. 247(3):762-70, 2008
                  8. Ahuja AT et al: Diagnostic Imaging: Ultrasound. 1st ed. Salt Lake City: Amirsys. 11-28-31, 2007
                  9. Marqusee E et al: Usefulness of ultrasonography in the management of nodular thyroid disease. Ann Intern Med. 133(9):696-700, 2000