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IVC Obstruction
Constantine M. Burgan, MD; Simon S. M. Ho, MBBS, FRCR; Mark E. Lockhart, MD, MPH
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Pathology

      • Clinical Issues

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Abbreviations

          • Inferior vena cava (IVC)
        • Definitions

          • "Proximal" and "distal" in venous system applies to position of vein segment in relation to heart (rather than flow direction of blood)

        IMAGING

        • General Features

          • Ultrasonographic Findings

            • Imaging Recommendations

              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                PATHOLOGY

                • General Features

                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                  • Presentation

                    • Treatment

                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                        Selected References

                        1. Pop S et al: Anomalies of the inferior vena cava in patients with deep venous thrombosis. Pictorial essay. Med Ultrason. 14(1):53-9, 2012
                        2. Zwiebel WJ et al: Introduction to vascular sonography. 5th edition. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders. 545-9, 2005
                        3. Ridwelski K et al: Primary sarcoma of the inferior vena cava: review of diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes in a case series. Int Surg. 86(3):184-90, 2001
                        4. Singh-Panghaal S et al: Inferior vena caval leiomyosarcoma: diagnosis and biopsy with color Doppler sonography. J Clin Ultrasound. 25(5):275-8, 1997
                        Related Anatomy
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                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                        References
                        Tables

                        Tables

                        KEY FACTS

                        • Imaging

                          • Pathology

                            • Clinical Issues

                              TERMINOLOGY

                              • Abbreviations

                                • Inferior vena cava (IVC)
                              • Definitions

                                • "Proximal" and "distal" in venous system applies to position of vein segment in relation to heart (rather than flow direction of blood)

                              IMAGING

                              • General Features

                                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                  • Imaging Recommendations

                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                      PATHOLOGY

                                      • General Features

                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                        • Presentation

                                          • Treatment

                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                              Selected References

                                              1. Pop S et al: Anomalies of the inferior vena cava in patients with deep venous thrombosis. Pictorial essay. Med Ultrason. 14(1):53-9, 2012
                                              2. Zwiebel WJ et al: Introduction to vascular sonography. 5th edition. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders. 545-9, 2005
                                              3. Ridwelski K et al: Primary sarcoma of the inferior vena cava: review of diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes in a case series. Int Surg. 86(3):184-90, 2001
                                              4. Singh-Panghaal S et al: Inferior vena caval leiomyosarcoma: diagnosis and biopsy with color Doppler sonography. J Clin Ultrasound. 25(5):275-8, 1997