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Juvenile Distal Forearm Fractures
Kambiz Motamedi, MD, FACR; Carol L. Andrews, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Clinical Issues

      • Diagnostic Checklist

        IMAGING

        • General Features

          • Radiographic Findings

            • MR Findings

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  PATHOLOGY

                  • General Features

                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                    • Presentation

                      • Demographics

                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                          • Treatment

                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                            • Consider

                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                • Reporting Tips

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Zlotolow DA et al: Hand and wrist injuries in the pediatric athlete. Clin Sports Med. 39(2):457-79, 2020
                                  2. Dua K et al: Pediatric distal radius fractures. Instr Course Lect. 66:447-60, 2017
                                  3. Herren C et al: Ultrasound-guided diagnosis of fractures of the distal forearm in children. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 101(4):501-5, 2015
                                  4. Little JT et al: Pediatric distal forearm and wrist injury: an imaging review. Radiographics. 34(2):472-90, 2014
                                  5. Fallahi F et al: Explorative study of the sensitivity and specificity of the pronator quadratus fat pad sign as a predictor of subtle wrist fractures. Skeletal Radiol. 42(2):249-53, 2013
                                  6. Saul T et al: Point-of-care ultrasound in the diagnosis of upper extremity fracture-dislocation. A pictorial essay. Med Ultrason. 15(3):230-6, 2013
                                  7. Sferopoulos NK: Bone bruising of the distal forearm and wrist in children. Injury. 40(6):631-7, 2009
                                  8. Makhni EC et al: Effect of patient age on the radiographic outcomes of distal radius fractures subject to nonoperative treatment. J Hand Surg Am. 33(8):1301-8, 2008
                                  9. Ploegmakers JJ et al: Acceptance of angulation in the non-operative treatment of paediatric forearm fractures. J Pediatr Orthop B. 15(6):428-32, 2006
                                  10. Zalavras C et al: Pediatric fractures during skateboarding, roller skating, and scooter riding. Am J Sports Med. 33(4):568-73, 2005
                                  11. Vorlat P et al: Bowing fractures of the forearm in children: a long-term followup. Clin Orthop Relat Res. (413):233-7, 2003
                                  12. Noonan KJ et al: Forearm and distal radius fractures in children. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 6(3):146-56, 1998
                                  13. Walsh HP et al: Galeazzi fractures in children. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 69(5):730-3, 1987
                                  14. Light TR et al: The anatomy of metaphyseal torus fractures. Clin Orthop Relat Res. (188):103-11, 1984
                                  Related Anatomy
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                                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                  References
                                  Tables

                                  Tables

                                  KEY FACTS

                                  • Imaging

                                    • Clinical Issues

                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                        IMAGING

                                        • General Features

                                          • Radiographic Findings

                                            • MR Findings

                                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                  • General Features

                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                    • Presentation

                                                      • Demographics

                                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                          • Treatment

                                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                            • Consider

                                                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                • Reporting Tips

                                                                  Selected References

                                                                  1. Zlotolow DA et al: Hand and wrist injuries in the pediatric athlete. Clin Sports Med. 39(2):457-79, 2020
                                                                  2. Dua K et al: Pediatric distal radius fractures. Instr Course Lect. 66:447-60, 2017
                                                                  3. Herren C et al: Ultrasound-guided diagnosis of fractures of the distal forearm in children. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 101(4):501-5, 2015
                                                                  4. Little JT et al: Pediatric distal forearm and wrist injury: an imaging review. Radiographics. 34(2):472-90, 2014
                                                                  5. Fallahi F et al: Explorative study of the sensitivity and specificity of the pronator quadratus fat pad sign as a predictor of subtle wrist fractures. Skeletal Radiol. 42(2):249-53, 2013
                                                                  6. Saul T et al: Point-of-care ultrasound in the diagnosis of upper extremity fracture-dislocation. A pictorial essay. Med Ultrason. 15(3):230-6, 2013
                                                                  7. Sferopoulos NK: Bone bruising of the distal forearm and wrist in children. Injury. 40(6):631-7, 2009
                                                                  8. Makhni EC et al: Effect of patient age on the radiographic outcomes of distal radius fractures subject to nonoperative treatment. J Hand Surg Am. 33(8):1301-8, 2008
                                                                  9. Ploegmakers JJ et al: Acceptance of angulation in the non-operative treatment of paediatric forearm fractures. J Pediatr Orthop B. 15(6):428-32, 2006
                                                                  10. Zalavras C et al: Pediatric fractures during skateboarding, roller skating, and scooter riding. Am J Sports Med. 33(4):568-73, 2005
                                                                  11. Vorlat P et al: Bowing fractures of the forearm in children: a long-term followup. Clin Orthop Relat Res. (413):233-7, 2003
                                                                  12. Noonan KJ et al: Forearm and distal radius fractures in children. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 6(3):146-56, 1998
                                                                  13. Walsh HP et al: Galeazzi fractures in children. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 69(5):730-3, 1987
                                                                  14. Light TR et al: The anatomy of metaphyseal torus fractures. Clin Orthop Relat Res. (188):103-11, 1984