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Kaposi Sarcoma
Catherine C. Roberts, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • Kaposi sarcoma (KS)
          • Synonyms

            • Kaposi disease, angiosarcoma multiplex, idiopathic multiple pigmented sarcoma of skin, granuloma multiplex hemorrhagicum
          • Definitions

            • Rarely metastasizing endothelial neoplasm associated with human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8)

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Imaging Recommendations

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                      • Angiographic Findings

                        • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                • Microscopic Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Treatment

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Weiss SW et al: Malignant vascular tumors. In Weiss SW et al: Enzinger and Weiss' Soft Tissue Tumors. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier. 721-32, 2008
                                          2. Kransdorf MJ et al: Vascular and lymphatic tumors. In Kransdorf MJ et al: Imaging of Soft Tissue Tumors. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 177-83, 2006
                                          3. Sen F et al: Factors affecting progression-free survival in non-HIV-related Kaposi sarcoma. J Dermatolog Treat. 1-3, 2015
                                          4. Vincenzi B et al: Classic Kaposi Sarcoma: to treat or not to treat? BMC Res Notes. 8:138, 2015
                                          5. Restrepo CS et al: Imaging manifestations of Kaposi sarcoma. Radiographics. 26(4):1169-85, 2006
                                          6. Restrepo CS et al: Imaging findings in musculoskeletal complications of AIDS. Radiographics. 24(4):1029-49, 2004
                                          7. Tehranzadeh J et al: Musculoskeletal disorders associated with HIV infection and AIDS. Part II: non-infectious musculoskeletal conditions. Skeletal Radiol. 33(6):311-20, 2004
                                          8. Lamovec J et al: Kaposi sarcoma. In Fletcher CDM et al: World Health Organization Classification of Tumours. Pathology and Genetics of Tumours of Soft Tissue and Bone. Lyon: IARC Press. 170-2, 2002
                                          9. Steinbach LS et al: Human immunodeficiency virus infection: musculoskeletal manifestations. Radiology. 186(3):833-8, 1993
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Abbreviations

                                                    • Kaposi sarcoma (KS)
                                                  • Synonyms

                                                    • Kaposi disease, angiosarcoma multiplex, idiopathic multiple pigmented sarcoma of skin, granuloma multiplex hemorrhagicum
                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Rarely metastasizing endothelial neoplasm associated with human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8)

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      • Radiographic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                              • Angiographic Findings

                                                                • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                                    • General Features

                                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                        • Microscopic Features

                                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                          • Presentation

                                                                            • Demographics

                                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                • Treatment

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Weiss SW et al: Malignant vascular tumors. In Weiss SW et al: Enzinger and Weiss' Soft Tissue Tumors. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier. 721-32, 2008
                                                                                  2. Kransdorf MJ et al: Vascular and lymphatic tumors. In Kransdorf MJ et al: Imaging of Soft Tissue Tumors. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 177-83, 2006
                                                                                  3. Sen F et al: Factors affecting progression-free survival in non-HIV-related Kaposi sarcoma. J Dermatolog Treat. 1-3, 2015
                                                                                  4. Vincenzi B et al: Classic Kaposi Sarcoma: to treat or not to treat? BMC Res Notes. 8:138, 2015
                                                                                  5. Restrepo CS et al: Imaging manifestations of Kaposi sarcoma. Radiographics. 26(4):1169-85, 2006
                                                                                  6. Restrepo CS et al: Imaging findings in musculoskeletal complications of AIDS. Radiographics. 24(4):1029-49, 2004
                                                                                  7. Tehranzadeh J et al: Musculoskeletal disorders associated with HIV infection and AIDS. Part II: non-infectious musculoskeletal conditions. Skeletal Radiol. 33(6):311-20, 2004
                                                                                  8. Lamovec J et al: Kaposi sarcoma. In Fletcher CDM et al: World Health Organization Classification of Tumours. Pathology and Genetics of Tumours of Soft Tissue and Bone. Lyon: IARC Press. 170-2, 2002
                                                                                  9. Steinbach LS et al: Human immunodeficiency virus infection: musculoskeletal manifestations. Radiology. 186(3):833-8, 1993