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Kyphoscoliosis
Carlos S. Restrepo, MD; Helen T. Winer-Muram, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1)
          • Synonyms

            • Scoliosis
            • Kyphosis
            • Gibbus deformity
          • Definitions

            • Complex 3-dimensional rotational curvature of spine

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Echocardiographic Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Ishihara Y et al: Age-related progression of degenerative lumbar kyphoscoliosis: a retrospective study. Spine Surg Relat Res. 4(3):229-36, 2020
                                    2. Burnei G et al: Congenital scoliosis: an up-to-date. J Med Life. 8(3):388-97, 2015
                                    3. Restrepo CS et al: Neurofibromatosis type 1: spinal manifestations of a systemic disease. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 29(4):532-9, 2005
                                    4. Grissom LE et al: Thoracic deformities and the growing lung. Semin Roentgenol. 33(2):199-208, 1998
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Clinical Issues

                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                            • Abbreviations

                                              • Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1)
                                            • Synonyms

                                              • Scoliosis
                                              • Kyphosis
                                              • Gibbus deformity
                                            • Definitions

                                              • Complex 3-dimensional rotational curvature of spine

                                            IMAGING

                                            • General Features

                                              • Radiographic Findings

                                                • CT Findings

                                                  • MR Findings

                                                    • Echocardiographic Findings

                                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                              • Presentation

                                                                • Demographics

                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Ishihara Y et al: Age-related progression of degenerative lumbar kyphoscoliosis: a retrospective study. Spine Surg Relat Res. 4(3):229-36, 2020
                                                                      2. Burnei G et al: Congenital scoliosis: an up-to-date. J Med Life. 8(3):388-97, 2015
                                                                      3. Restrepo CS et al: Neurofibromatosis type 1: spinal manifestations of a systemic disease. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 29(4):532-9, 2005
                                                                      4. Grissom LE et al: Thoracic deformities and the growing lung. Semin Roentgenol. 33(2):199-208, 1998