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Left Atrial Calcification
Claudio Silva, MD, MSc, MBA
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Rheumatic heart disease (RHD)
            • Synonyms

              • Porcelain atrium
              • Coconut atrium
            • Definitions

              • Calcification of left atrial walls

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Consider

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Choi JY et al: Characteristics and implications of left atrial calcium on cardiac computed tomography in patients with earlier mitral valve operation. Am J Cardiol. 128:60-6, 2020
                                    2. Pu L et al: Computed tomography as a superior diagnostic test for left atrial thrombus with calcification. Ann Thorac Surg. 108(3):e175-7, 2019
                                    3. Hosseini S et al: Massive left atrial calcification: a case report and review of the literature. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 65(11):653-6, 2017
                                    4. Nance JW Jr et al: Myocardial calcifications: pathophysiology, etiologies, differential diagnoses, and imaging findings. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 9(1):58-67, 2015
                                    5. Ferguson EC et al: Cardiac and pericardial calcifications on chest radiographs. Clin Radiol. 65(9):685-94, 2010
                                    6. Lee VS et al: Atypical and unusual calcifications of the heart and great vessels: imaging findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 163(6):1349-55, 1994
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Clinical Issues

                                            • Diagnostic Checklist

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Abbreviations

                                                • Rheumatic heart disease (RHD)
                                              • Synonyms

                                                • Porcelain atrium
                                                • Coconut atrium
                                              • Definitions

                                                • Calcification of left atrial walls

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • Radiographic Findings

                                                  • CT Findings

                                                    • MR Findings

                                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                          • General Features

                                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                            • Presentation

                                                              • Demographics

                                                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                  • Treatment

                                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                    • Consider

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Choi JY et al: Characteristics and implications of left atrial calcium on cardiac computed tomography in patients with earlier mitral valve operation. Am J Cardiol. 128:60-6, 2020
                                                                      2. Pu L et al: Computed tomography as a superior diagnostic test for left atrial thrombus with calcification. Ann Thorac Surg. 108(3):e175-7, 2019
                                                                      3. Hosseini S et al: Massive left atrial calcification: a case report and review of the literature. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 65(11):653-6, 2017
                                                                      4. Nance JW Jr et al: Myocardial calcifications: pathophysiology, etiologies, differential diagnoses, and imaging findings. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 9(1):58-67, 2015
                                                                      5. Ferguson EC et al: Cardiac and pericardial calcifications on chest radiographs. Clin Radiol. 65(9):685-94, 2010
                                                                      6. Lee VS et al: Atypical and unusual calcifications of the heart and great vessels: imaging findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 163(6):1349-55, 1994