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Left Atrial Enlargement
Christopher Z. Lam, MD
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DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

    • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

      • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

        • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

          • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

            Selected References

            1. Norrish G et al: Risk factors for sudden cardiac death in childhood hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 24(11):1220-30, 2017
            2. Etesami M et al: Utility of late gadolinium enhancement in pediatric cardiac MRI. Pediatr Radiol. 46(8):1096-113, 2016
            3. Maher KO et al: Aortic and mitral valve disease and left ventricular dysfunction in children. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 17(8 Suppl 1):S131-9, 2016
            4. Robinson JD, Rigsby CK, Thakrar D. Chapter 73: Septal Defects. In: Coley BD (ed). Caffey's Pediatric Diagnostic Imaging (12th edition), pp. 737-43, Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders, 2013
            5. Yoo SJ, MacDonald C, Babyn P (eds). Chest Radiographic Interpretation in Pediatric Cardiac Patients. New York, NY: Thieme Medical Publishers. 2010
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            References
            Tables

            Tables

            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

              ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

              • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

                • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

                  • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

                    • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

                      Selected References

                      1. Norrish G et al: Risk factors for sudden cardiac death in childhood hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 24(11):1220-30, 2017
                      2. Etesami M et al: Utility of late gadolinium enhancement in pediatric cardiac MRI. Pediatr Radiol. 46(8):1096-113, 2016
                      3. Maher KO et al: Aortic and mitral valve disease and left ventricular dysfunction in children. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 17(8 Suppl 1):S131-9, 2016
                      4. Robinson JD, Rigsby CK, Thakrar D. Chapter 73: Septal Defects. In: Coley BD (ed). Caffey's Pediatric Diagnostic Imaging (12th edition), pp. 737-43, Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders, 2013
                      5. Yoo SJ, MacDonald C, Babyn P (eds). Chest Radiographic Interpretation in Pediatric Cardiac Patients. New York, NY: Thieme Medical Publishers. 2010