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Left Superior Vena Cava
Emily Tsai, MD; Carol C. Wu, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • Superior vena cava (SVC)
          • Synonyms

            • Persistent left SVC (PLSVC)
          • Definitions

            • Variant venous structure draining venous blood from left upper extremity and head and neck region

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      • Angiographic Findings

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    • Considerations for Central Venous Access

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                        • Reporting Tips

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Ghandour A et al: Congenital anomalies of the superior vena cava: embryological correlation, imaging perspectives, and clinical relevance. Can Assoc Radiol J. 68(4):456-62, 2017
                                          2. Sonavane SK et al: Comprehensive imaging review of the superior vena cava. Radiographics. 35(7):1873-92, 2015
                                          3. Povoski SP et al: Persistent left superior vena cava: review of the literature, clinical implications, and relevance of alterations in thoracic central venous anatomy as pertaining to the general principles of central venous access device placement and venography in cancer patients. World J Surg Oncol. 9:173, 2011
                                          4. Benson RE et al: CT appearance of persistent left superior vena cava, anomalous right superior pulmonary venous return into the right-sided superior vena cava and a sinus venosus-type atrial septal defect. Br J Radiol. 82(983):e235-9, 2009
                                          5. Dehghani P et al: Transcatheter closure of persistent left sided superior vena cava draining into left atrium - importance of balloon test occlusion. J Invasive Cardiol. 21(7):E122-5, 2009
                                          6. Goyal SK et al: Persistent left superior vena cava: a case report and review of literature. Cardiovasc Ultrasound. 6:50, 2008
                                          7. Burney K et al: CT appearances of congential and acquired abnormalities of the superior vena cava. Clin Radiol. 62(9):837-42, 2007
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Abbreviations

                                                    • Superior vena cava (SVC)
                                                  • Synonyms

                                                    • Persistent left SVC (PLSVC)
                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Variant venous structure draining venous blood from left upper extremity and head and neck region

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Radiographic Findings

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              • Angiographic Findings

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • General Features

                                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                    • Presentation

                                                                      • Demographics

                                                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                          • Treatment

                                                                            • Considerations for Central Venous Access

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                • Reporting Tips

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Ghandour A et al: Congenital anomalies of the superior vena cava: embryological correlation, imaging perspectives, and clinical relevance. Can Assoc Radiol J. 68(4):456-62, 2017
                                                                                  2. Sonavane SK et al: Comprehensive imaging review of the superior vena cava. Radiographics. 35(7):1873-92, 2015
                                                                                  3. Povoski SP et al: Persistent left superior vena cava: review of the literature, clinical implications, and relevance of alterations in thoracic central venous anatomy as pertaining to the general principles of central venous access device placement and venography in cancer patients. World J Surg Oncol. 9:173, 2011
                                                                                  4. Benson RE et al: CT appearance of persistent left superior vena cava, anomalous right superior pulmonary venous return into the right-sided superior vena cava and a sinus venosus-type atrial septal defect. Br J Radiol. 82(983):e235-9, 2009
                                                                                  5. Dehghani P et al: Transcatheter closure of persistent left sided superior vena cava draining into left atrium - importance of balloon test occlusion. J Invasive Cardiol. 21(7):E122-5, 2009
                                                                                  6. Goyal SK et al: Persistent left superior vena cava: a case report and review of literature. Cardiovasc Ultrasound. 6:50, 2008
                                                                                  7. Burney K et al: CT appearances of congential and acquired abnormalities of the superior vena cava. Clin Radiol. 62(9):837-42, 2007