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Leiomyoma
Adnaan Moin, MD; Barton F. Lane, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Myoma
            • Synonyms

              • Fibroid
              • Myoma
              • Uterine fibroma
            • Definitions

              • Benign smooth muscle neoplasm of uterus

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • Saline Infusion Sonohysterography (SIS)

                  • Angiographic Findings

                    • CT Findings

                      • MR Findings

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                            • Reporting Tips

                                              Selected References

                                              1. Van den Bosch T et al: Terms and definitions for describing myometrial pathology using ultrasonography. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. ePub, 2015
                                              2. Akbulut M et al: Clinical and pathological features of lipoleiomyoma of the uterine corpus: a review of 76 cases. Balkan Med J. 31(3):224-9, 2014
                                              3. Boeer B et al: Differences in the clinical phenotype of adenomyosis and leiomyomas: a retrospective, questionnaire-based study. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 289(6):1235-9, 2014
                                              4. Choi HJ et al: Is uterine artery embolization for patients with large myomas safe and effective? A retrospective comparative study in 323 patients. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 24(6):772-8, 2013
                                              5. Islam MS et al: Uterine leiomyoma: available medical treatments and new possible therapeutic options. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 98(3):921-34, 2013
                                              6. Ly A et al: Atypical leiomyomas of the uterus: a clinicopathologic study of 51 cases. Am J Surg Pathol. 37(5):643-9, 2013
                                              7. Deshmukh SP et al: Role of MR imaging of uterine leiomyomas before and after embolization. Radiographics. 32(6):E251-81, 2012
                                              8. Manyonda IT et al: Uterine Artery Embolization versus Myomectomy: Impact on Quality of Life-Results of the FUME (Fibroids of the Uterus: Myomectomy versus Embolization) Trial. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. Epub ahead of print, 2011
                                              9. Stamatopoulos CP et al: Value of magnetic resonance imaging in diagnosis of adenomyosis and myomas of the uterus. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 19(5):620-6, 2012
                                              10. Fasih N, Prasad Shanbhogue AK, Macdonald DB, Fraser-Hill MA, Papadatos D, Kielar AZ, Doherty GP, Walsh C, McInnes M, Atri M. Leiomyomas beyond the uterus: unusual locations, rare manifestations. Radiographics. 2008 Nov-Dec;28(7):1931-48
                                              Related Anatomy
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                                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                              References
                                              Tables

                                              Tables

                                              KEY FACTS

                                              • Terminology

                                                • Imaging

                                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                    • Clinical Issues

                                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Abbreviations

                                                          • Myoma
                                                        • Synonyms

                                                          • Fibroid
                                                          • Myoma
                                                          • Uterine fibroma
                                                        • Definitions

                                                          • Benign smooth muscle neoplasm of uterus

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                            • Saline Infusion Sonohysterography (SIS)

                                                              • Angiographic Findings

                                                                • CT Findings

                                                                  • MR Findings

                                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                          • Microscopic Features

                                                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                            • Presentation

                                                                              • Demographics

                                                                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                  • Treatment

                                                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                    • Consider

                                                                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                        • Reporting Tips

                                                                                          Selected References

                                                                                          1. Van den Bosch T et al: Terms and definitions for describing myometrial pathology using ultrasonography. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. ePub, 2015
                                                                                          2. Akbulut M et al: Clinical and pathological features of lipoleiomyoma of the uterine corpus: a review of 76 cases. Balkan Med J. 31(3):224-9, 2014
                                                                                          3. Boeer B et al: Differences in the clinical phenotype of adenomyosis and leiomyomas: a retrospective, questionnaire-based study. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 289(6):1235-9, 2014
                                                                                          4. Choi HJ et al: Is uterine artery embolization for patients with large myomas safe and effective? A retrospective comparative study in 323 patients. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 24(6):772-8, 2013
                                                                                          5. Islam MS et al: Uterine leiomyoma: available medical treatments and new possible therapeutic options. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 98(3):921-34, 2013
                                                                                          6. Ly A et al: Atypical leiomyomas of the uterus: a clinicopathologic study of 51 cases. Am J Surg Pathol. 37(5):643-9, 2013
                                                                                          7. Deshmukh SP et al: Role of MR imaging of uterine leiomyomas before and after embolization. Radiographics. 32(6):E251-81, 2012
                                                                                          8. Manyonda IT et al: Uterine Artery Embolization versus Myomectomy: Impact on Quality of Life-Results of the FUME (Fibroids of the Uterus: Myomectomy versus Embolization) Trial. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. Epub ahead of print, 2011
                                                                                          9. Stamatopoulos CP et al: Value of magnetic resonance imaging in diagnosis of adenomyosis and myomas of the uterus. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 19(5):620-6, 2012
                                                                                          10. Fasih N, Prasad Shanbhogue AK, Macdonald DB, Fraser-Hill MA, Papadatos D, Kielar AZ, Doherty GP, Walsh C, McInnes M, Atri M. Leiomyomas beyond the uterus: unusual locations, rare manifestations. Radiographics. 2008 Nov-Dec;28(7):1931-48