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Lingual Thyroid
Daniel E. Meltzer, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Ectopic thyroid tissue
              • Definitions

                • Thyroid tissue in abnormal location in base of tongue (BOT) or floor of mouth

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                        Selected References

                                        1. Ersoy Callıoglu E et al: Lingual thyroid excision with transoral robotic surgery. Case Rep Otolaryngol. 2015:548582, 2015
                                        2. Prisman E et al: Transoral robotic excision of ectopic lingual thyroid: case series and literature review. Head Neck. 37(8):E88-91, 2015
                                        3. Howard BE et al: Lingual thyroidectomy: the Mayo Clinic experience with transoral laser microsurgery and transoral robotic surgery. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 123(3):183-7, 2014
                                        4. Zander DA et al: Imaging of ectopic thyroid tissue and thyroglossal duct cysts. Radiographics. 34(1):37-50, 2014
                                        5. Gupta M et al: Lingual thyroid. Ear Nose Throat J. 88(6):E1, 2009
                                        6. Hari CK et al: Follicular variant of papillary carcinoma arising from lingual thyroid. Ear Nose Throat J. 88(6):E7, 2009
                                        7. Lai YT et al: Lingual thyroid. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 140(6):944-5, 2009
                                        8. Lin WN et al: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in an adolescent girl with hypertrophic lingual thyroid. Pediatr Pulmonol. 44(1):93-5, 2009
                                        9. McCoul ED et al: Concurrent lingual thyroid and undescended thyroglossal duct thyroid without orthotopic thyroid gland. Laryngoscope. 119(10):1937-40, 2009
                                        10. Rahbar R et al: Lingual thyroid in children: a rare clinical entity. Laryngoscope. 118(7):1174-9, 2008
                                        11. Yaday S et al: Medullary carcinoma in a lingual thyroid. Singapore Med J. 49(3):251-3, 2008
                                        12. Arekapudi SR et al: Lingual thyroid. Pediatr Radiol. 37(9):940, 2007
                                        13. Kennedy TL et al: Lingual thyroid carcinoma with nodal metastasis. Laryngoscope. 117(11):1969-73, 2007
                                        14. Barnes TW et al: Obstructive lingual thyroid causing sleep apnea: a case report and review of the literature. Sleep Med. 5(6):605-7, 2004
                                        15. Schoen EJ et al: The key role of newborn thyroid scintigraphy with isotopic iodide (123I) in defining and managing congenital hypothyroidism. Pediatrics. 114(6):e683-8, 2004
                                        16. Aktolun C et al: Diagnosis of complete ectopic lingual thyroid with Tc-99m pertechnetate scintigraphy. Clin Nucl Med. 26(11):933-5, 2001
                                        17. Danner C et al: Lingual thyroid: iodine 131: a viable treatment modality revisited. Am J Otolaryngol. 22(4):276-81, 2001
                                        18. Massine RE et al: Lingual thyroid carcinoma: a case report and review of the literature. Thyroid. 11(12):1191-6, 2001
                                        19. Takashima S et al: MR imaging of the lingual thyroid. Comparison to other submucosal lesions. Acta Radiol. 42(4):376-82, 2001
                                        20. Lee CC et al: Imaging of huge lingual thyroid gland with goitre. Neuroradiology. 40(5):335-7, 1998
                                        Related Anatomy
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                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Terminology

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                              • Pathology

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Synonyms

                                                      • Ectopic thyroid tissue
                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Thyroid tissue in abnormal location in base of tongue (BOT) or floor of mouth

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                  • Presentation

                                                                    • Demographics

                                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                        • Treatment

                                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                          • Consider

                                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. Ersoy Callıoglu E et al: Lingual thyroid excision with transoral robotic surgery. Case Rep Otolaryngol. 2015:548582, 2015
                                                                              2. Prisman E et al: Transoral robotic excision of ectopic lingual thyroid: case series and literature review. Head Neck. 37(8):E88-91, 2015
                                                                              3. Howard BE et al: Lingual thyroidectomy: the Mayo Clinic experience with transoral laser microsurgery and transoral robotic surgery. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 123(3):183-7, 2014
                                                                              4. Zander DA et al: Imaging of ectopic thyroid tissue and thyroglossal duct cysts. Radiographics. 34(1):37-50, 2014
                                                                              5. Gupta M et al: Lingual thyroid. Ear Nose Throat J. 88(6):E1, 2009
                                                                              6. Hari CK et al: Follicular variant of papillary carcinoma arising from lingual thyroid. Ear Nose Throat J. 88(6):E7, 2009
                                                                              7. Lai YT et al: Lingual thyroid. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 140(6):944-5, 2009
                                                                              8. Lin WN et al: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in an adolescent girl with hypertrophic lingual thyroid. Pediatr Pulmonol. 44(1):93-5, 2009
                                                                              9. McCoul ED et al: Concurrent lingual thyroid and undescended thyroglossal duct thyroid without orthotopic thyroid gland. Laryngoscope. 119(10):1937-40, 2009
                                                                              10. Rahbar R et al: Lingual thyroid in children: a rare clinical entity. Laryngoscope. 118(7):1174-9, 2008
                                                                              11. Yaday S et al: Medullary carcinoma in a lingual thyroid. Singapore Med J. 49(3):251-3, 2008
                                                                              12. Arekapudi SR et al: Lingual thyroid. Pediatr Radiol. 37(9):940, 2007
                                                                              13. Kennedy TL et al: Lingual thyroid carcinoma with nodal metastasis. Laryngoscope. 117(11):1969-73, 2007
                                                                              14. Barnes TW et al: Obstructive lingual thyroid causing sleep apnea: a case report and review of the literature. Sleep Med. 5(6):605-7, 2004
                                                                              15. Schoen EJ et al: The key role of newborn thyroid scintigraphy with isotopic iodide (123I) in defining and managing congenital hypothyroidism. Pediatrics. 114(6):e683-8, 2004
                                                                              16. Aktolun C et al: Diagnosis of complete ectopic lingual thyroid with Tc-99m pertechnetate scintigraphy. Clin Nucl Med. 26(11):933-5, 2001
                                                                              17. Danner C et al: Lingual thyroid: iodine 131: a viable treatment modality revisited. Am J Otolaryngol. 22(4):276-81, 2001
                                                                              18. Massine RE et al: Lingual thyroid carcinoma: a case report and review of the literature. Thyroid. 11(12):1191-6, 2001
                                                                              19. Takashima S et al: MR imaging of the lingual thyroid. Comparison to other submucosal lesions. Acta Radiol. 42(4):376-82, 2001
                                                                              20. Lee CC et al: Imaging of huge lingual thyroid gland with goitre. Neuroradiology. 40(5):335-7, 1998