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Lower Extremity Bowing
Arthur B. Meyers, MD
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DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

    • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

      • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

        • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

          • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

            Selected References

            1. Ho-Fung V et al: MRI evaluation of the knee in children with infantile Blount disease: tibial and extra-tibial findings. Pediatr Radiol. 43(10):1316-26, 2013
            2. Oberc A et al: Fibular hemimelia - diagnostic management, principles, and results of treatment. J Pediatr Orthop B. 22(5):450-6, 2013
            3. Shah HH et al: Congenital posteromedial bowing of the tibia: a retrospective analysis of growth abnormalities in the leg. J Pediatr Orthop B. 18(3):120-8, 2009
            4. Stevenson DA et al: Analysis of radiographic characteristics of anterolateral bowing of the leg before fracture in neurofibromatosis type 1. J Pediatr Orthop. 29(4):385-92, 2009
            5. Lachman R. Taybi and Lachman's Radiology of Syndromes, Metabolic Disorders and Skeletal Dysplasia. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Mosby, 2006                   
            6. Cheema JI et al: Radiographic characteristics of lower-extremity bowing in children. Radiographics. 23(4):871-80, 2003
            7. Salenius P et al: The development of the tibiofemoral angle in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 57(2):259-61, 1975
            Related Anatomy
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            Related Differential Diagnoses
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            References
            Tables

            Tables

            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

              ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

              • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

                • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

                  • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

                    • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

                      Selected References

                      1. Ho-Fung V et al: MRI evaluation of the knee in children with infantile Blount disease: tibial and extra-tibial findings. Pediatr Radiol. 43(10):1316-26, 2013
                      2. Oberc A et al: Fibular hemimelia - diagnostic management, principles, and results of treatment. J Pediatr Orthop B. 22(5):450-6, 2013
                      3. Shah HH et al: Congenital posteromedial bowing of the tibia: a retrospective analysis of growth abnormalities in the leg. J Pediatr Orthop B. 18(3):120-8, 2009
                      4. Stevenson DA et al: Analysis of radiographic characteristics of anterolateral bowing of the leg before fracture in neurofibromatosis type 1. J Pediatr Orthop. 29(4):385-92, 2009
                      5. Lachman R. Taybi and Lachman's Radiology of Syndromes, Metabolic Disorders and Skeletal Dysplasia. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Mosby, 2006                   
                      6. Cheema JI et al: Radiographic characteristics of lower-extremity bowing in children. Radiographics. 23(4):871-80, 2003
                      7. Salenius P et al: The development of the tibiofemoral angle in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 57(2):259-61, 1975