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Lumbar Bony Trauma
Jeffrey S. Ross, MD; Julia R. Crim, MD
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DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

    • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

      Selected References

      1. Prajapati HP et al: Thoracolumbar fracture classification: evolution, merits, demerits, updates, and concept of stability. Br J Neurosurg. 35(1):92-7, 2021
      2. Hamilton K et al: Surgical practice in traumatic spinal fracture treatment with regard to the subaxial cervical injury classification and severity and the thoracolumbar injury classification and severity systems: a review of 58 patients at the University of Wisconsin. World Neurosurg. 127:e101-7, 2019
      3. Schnake KJ et al: AOspine classification systems (subaxial, thoracolumbar). J Orthop Trauma. 31 Suppl 4:S14-23, 2017
      4. Reinhold M et al: AO spine injury classification system: a revision proposal for the thoracic and lumbar spine. Eur Spine J. 22(10):2184-201, 2013
      5. Ryken TC et al: Radiographic assessment. Neurosurgery. 72 Suppl 2:54-72, 2013
      6. Dai LY et al: Conservative treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures: a long-term follow-up results with special reference to the load sharing classification. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 33(23):2536-44, 2008
      7. Lee JY et al: Thoracolumbar injury classification and severity score: a new paradigm for the treatment of thoracolumbar spine trauma. J Orthop Sci. 10(6):671-5, 2005
      Related Anatomy
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      References
      Tables

      Tables

      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

        ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

        • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

          Selected References

          1. Prajapati HP et al: Thoracolumbar fracture classification: evolution, merits, demerits, updates, and concept of stability. Br J Neurosurg. 35(1):92-7, 2021
          2. Hamilton K et al: Surgical practice in traumatic spinal fracture treatment with regard to the subaxial cervical injury classification and severity and the thoracolumbar injury classification and severity systems: a review of 58 patients at the University of Wisconsin. World Neurosurg. 127:e101-7, 2019
          3. Schnake KJ et al: AOspine classification systems (subaxial, thoracolumbar). J Orthop Trauma. 31 Suppl 4:S14-23, 2017
          4. Reinhold M et al: AO spine injury classification system: a revision proposal for the thoracic and lumbar spine. Eur Spine J. 22(10):2184-201, 2013
          5. Ryken TC et al: Radiographic assessment. Neurosurgery. 72 Suppl 2:54-72, 2013
          6. Dai LY et al: Conservative treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures: a long-term follow-up results with special reference to the load sharing classification. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 33(23):2536-44, 2008
          7. Lee JY et al: Thoracolumbar injury classification and severity score: a new paradigm for the treatment of thoracolumbar spine trauma. J Orthop Sci. 10(6):671-5, 2005